Lectures Watched
Since January 1, 2014
Hundreds of free, self-paced university courses available:
my recommendations here
Peruse my collection of 275
influential people of the past.
View My Class Notes via:
Receive My Class Notes via E-Mail:


Contact Me via E-Mail:
edward [at] tanguay.info
Notes on video lecture:
The Wilson-Lenin Moment
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
truce, collapse, Ottoman, peace, Clemenceau, disease, empires, dying, protectorates, petty, socialist, Germany, respond, French, France, Communism, nation, political, colonies, conflicts, principles, intellectuals, idealist, liberal, daughter, self, principles, temporary, Russian, strokes, capitalism, beneficiaries, capitulated
in 1918, Woodrow Wilson arrived in              to help put together a peace that would put an end to all wars
worried whether the                Revolution could spread
the victors discussed this peace in the shadow of                and economic troubles
personal tragedy behind the scenes
Woodrow Wilson's                  Margaret had gotten the influenza
came close to            in a hospital in Brussels
influenza was affecting Wilson's aid, and also French Prime Minister George                     , British Prime Minister Lloyd George
the world leaders were groping for new                     
was a                    scientist at Princeton
governor of New Jersey
the role                            are playing in thinking about public policy
these principles were presented in fourteen points
had a fear that as old regimes would                 , radical new regimes would emerge
after 1917
a concern for the contagion of Communism
Lenin promised an end to war by creating a new                    utopia, for all oppressed people
there could be no peace without everyone being                            of the new order
in October of 1917 the old Russian regime                       
but there was a kind of civil war behind the lines
Bolcheviks called for the support from different nationalities in what used to be the Russian Empire
Lenin argued that                      was the source of the problem for minorities
Lenin's communism was attractive to                 
the rest of the world had to                to this
Wilsom saw in Lenin someone who had to be responded to
14 points
what would be the new principles of           
particularly in Russia and               
we had to prevent Bolshevism from spreading
the contagion of                   
open trade
open agreement
self determination
liberal democracies that can trade with each other won't fight
Woodrow Wilson's liberal utopia
the Leninist and Wilsonian models posed a challenge to the Old World of the 19th century
how to reconcile a world of former               
1919: the end of empires all broken up into different             -states
Russian Empire
German Empire
Austria-Hungarian Empire
former colonies would enjoy sovereignty
but how to govern these
many were not ready for         -government
became                            of the winning side
Wilson was an optimist and                 
but he had blind spots
disappointed in his own allies inability to share in his                     
British and French quarreling
             insistence that Germany pay a heavy penalty
Wilson saw this as           
faced with national interests
Wilson had a series of                toward the end of his presidency
downplayed it
the 30 years of world war
1914-1918 was the first phase
the Treaty of Versailles was a           , not a peace
it only put a                    end to the conflicts of Europe itself
planted seeds of future                   
1919-1944 second phase

Ideas and Concepts:

Via this morning's History Since 1300 class:

"A reminder of the days when America was tough and ethical enough to bully other countries with right principles, a review of Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points which he regarded as the basis of an enduring world peace after World War I:

"1. Open covenants of peace, openly arrived at, after which there shall be no p rivate international understandings of any kind but diplomacy shall proceed always frankly and in the public view.

2. Absolute freedom of navigation upon the seas, outside territorial waters, alike in peace and in war, except as the seas may be closed in whole or in part by international action for the enforcement of international covenants.

3. The removal, so far as possible, of all economic barriers and the establishment of an equality of trade conditions among all the nations consenting to the peace and associating themselves for its maintenance.

4. Adequate guarantees given and taken that national armaments will be reduced to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety.

5. A free, open-minded, and absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims, based upon a strict observance of the principle that in determining all such questions of sovereignty the interests of the populations concerned must have equal weight with the equitable government whose title is to be determined.

6. The evacuation of all Russian territory and such a settlement of all questions affecting Russia as will secure the best and freest cooperation of the other nations of the world in obtaining for her an unhampered and unembarrassed opportunity for the independent determination of her own political development and national policy and assure her of a sincere welcome into the society of free nations under institutions of her own choosing; and, more than a welcome, assistance also of every kind that she may need and may herself desire. The treatment accorded Russia by her sister nations in the months to come will be the acid test of their good will, of their comprehension of her needs as distinguished from their own interests, and of their intelligent and unselfish sympathy.

7. Belgium, the whole world will agree, must be evacuated and restored, without any attempt to limit the sovereignty which she enjoys in common with all other free nations. No other single act will serve as this will serve to restore confidence among the nations in the laws which they have themselves set and determined for the government of their relations with one another. Without this healing act the whole structure and validity of international law is forever impaired.

8. All French territory should be freed and the invaded portions restored, and the wrong done to France by Prussia in 1871 in the matter of Alsace-Lorraine, which has unsettled the peace of the world for nearly fifty years, should be righted, in order that peace may once more be made secure in the interest of all.

9. A readjustment of the frontiers of Italy should be effected along clearly recognizable lines of nationality.

10. The people of Austria-Hungary, whose place among the nations we wish to see safeguarded and assured, should be accorded the freest opportunity to autonomous development.

11. Romania, Serbia, and Montenegro should be evacuated; occupied territories restored; Serbia accorded free and secure access to the sea; and the relations of the several Balkan states to one another determined by friendly counsel along historically established lines of allegiance and nationality; and international guarantees of the political and economic independence and territorial integrity of the several Balkan states should be entered into.

12. The Turkish portion of the present Ottoman Empire should be assured a secure sovereignty, but the other nationalities which are now under Turkish rule should be assured an undoubted security of life and an absolutely unmolested opportunity of autonomous development, and the Dardanelles should be permanently opened as a free passage to the ships and commerce of all nations under international guarantees.

13. An independent Polish state should be erected which should include the territories inhabited by indisputably Polish populations, which should be assured a free and secure access to the sea, and whose political and economic independence and territorial integrity should be guaranteed by international covenant.

14. A general association of nations must be formed under specific covenants for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike."
Columbus and the New World
1500-1700 Indian Ocean Trading system
Da Gama, Pepper and World History
Portuguese Indian Ocean Empire
16th Century Colonialism Fueling European Violence
Global Food: European Sugar, Caribbean Plantations, African Slaves
16th and 17th Century Merchant Trading Companies
17th Century Interdependence of Trade and Investment
Francis Drake and Mercantilist Wars
The Apex and Erosion of the Mughal Empire
The Treaty of Westphalia as the Hinge of Modern History
The Influence of Silver on the Ming Dynasty
Political Reverberations of Ming Consolidation
18th China Resurgent as Qing Dynasty
18th Century Tea Trade, Leisure Time, and the Spread of Knowledge
Cook and Clive: Discoverers, Collectors and Conquerors of the Enlightenment
Strains on the Universality of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment, Empire, and Colonization: Burke vs. Hastings
Enlightenment or Empire
18th Century Land Grabbing
The Industrial Revolution and the Transition of Non-Renewable Energy
The Seven Years' War and Colonial Revolutions
Napoleon, Spain, the Colonies, and Imperial Crises
Human Rights and the Meaning of Membership within Societies
Napoleon, New Nations, and Total War
The Ottoman Empire's 19th Century Tanzimat Reform
The Early 19th Century Market Revolution
The Global Upheavals of the Mid-19th Century
The Train, the Rifle, and the Industrial Revolution
Transition in India: Last of the Mughals
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 and Its Ramifications
Darwin's Effect on 19th Century Ideas
Factors Which Led to the Solidifying of Nation States
1868 Japan: The Meiji Restoration
1871: Germany Becomes a Nation
North American Nation-Building
19th Century Changing Concepts of Labor
The Benefits of Comparative Advantage
Migration after the Age of Revolutions
Creating 19th Century Global Free Trade
The Expanding 19th Century Capitalist System
The Second Industrial Revolution
The Closing of the American Frontier
Africa's Second Imperial Wave
Early 20th Century American Imperialism
1894-1905: Japan's Imperial Wave in Asia
Rashid Rida and 19th Century Islamic Modernization
19th Century Pan-Islam and Zionism Movements
19th Century Global Export-Led Growth
Indian Wars and Mass Slaughter of Bison
The Suez Canal's Effect on the Malayan Tiger
1890-1914: Savage Wars of Peace
1900-1909: Russian and Turkish Dynasties
1899-1911 The End of the Qing Dynasty
The 1910 Mexican Revolution
The Panic of 1907
Turn-of-the-Century Civilization and its Discontents
20th Century Questioning of Reason
Late 19th Century Anxieties of Race
The First World War
The End of WWI and the Attempt at Global Peace
The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919
The Wilson-Lenin Moment
1919 Self-Determination Movements in India
Post-WWI European Peace and Global Colonial Upheaval
1929 Economic Collapse
Changes in Capitalism between the Wars
1918-1945 Rethinking Economies