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Notes on video lecture:
19th Century Global Export-Led Growth
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
frontier, natural, predatory, sapiens, single, hinterland, drained, species, Masai, tusks, sugar, homogeneous, Roosevelt, extinction, inwardly, commodity, British, grasslands, wastelands, Europe, Asia, Southern, economic
                 model: export-led growth
changed formerly                 -oriented villages
led to villages in Africa, Latin America, and         , which produced not for themselves but for the rest of the world
had a dramatic effect on the                      regions in particular on the relationship between humans and other animals
consumers would have a powerful effect on                environments around the globe
converted complex ecosystems into                        ecosystems
dedicated not for many kinds of commodities for their own consumption, but for a              commodity for other people's consumption
dominated by a single plant or animal               , i.e. the staple commodity, for the consumption of another species, i.e. humans
this changed the relationship between homo                and other animals and plants
specialization
begins with sugar
the model spreads
e.g. towns produced only            and imported everything else they need
we often think animals are in trouble when we become to                   
we hunt them down and cause their                     
this sometimes happens
but what also happens is the lands that a species require and the sophisticated ecosystems that they need, are eradicated, deforested, or               , transformed for the production of commodities for other people's consumption
the human/elephant frontier in China
                 China, driving elephants from their habitats
after 1850, this allowed world population to explode
1700: 625 million people
1900: 1.65 billion people
a 2.5 fold increase
unprecedented
2000: 6 billion people
most dense in China, India and             
but the                  regions were the areas of the world which were the fastest growing
a war for land
Adam Smith called the frontier the                     
sometimes humans paid a high price but almost always eventually won these wars
Kenya:            Land
once belonged to the Masai people
they got involuntarily inducted into the                Empire
was a diversified ecology
farmers and grazers
became the subject for                    production
coffee plantations
ranching industries
                     began to be closed
in droughts, the Masai people and elephants used to move about to search for water
1910: disease, famine, and a restricted land, the elephant population declined through failure to reproduce
compounded by hunting of elephants for their           
e.g. 1909 Teddy                   
Columbus and the New World
1500-1700 Indian Ocean Trading system
Da Gama, Pepper and World History
Portuguese Indian Ocean Empire
16th Century Colonialism Fueling European Violence
Global Food: European Sugar, Caribbean Plantations, African Slaves
16th and 17th Century Merchant Trading Companies
17th Century Interdependence of Trade and Investment
Francis Drake and Mercantilist Wars
The Apex and Erosion of the Mughal Empire
The Treaty of Westphalia as the Hinge of Modern History
The Influence of Silver on the Ming Dynasty
Political Reverberations of Ming Consolidation
18th China Resurgent as Qing Dynasty
18th Century Tea Trade, Leisure Time, and the Spread of Knowledge
Cook and Clive: Discoverers, Collectors and Conquerors of the Enlightenment
Strains on the Universality of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment, Empire, and Colonization: Burke vs. Hastings
Enlightenment or Empire
18th Century Land Grabbing
The Industrial Revolution and the Transition of Non-Renewable Energy
The Seven Years' War and Colonial Revolutions
Napoleon, Spain, the Colonies, and Imperial Crises
Human Rights and the Meaning of Membership within Societies
Napoleon, New Nations, and Total War
The Ottoman Empire's 19th Century Tanzimat Reform
The Early 19th Century Market Revolution
The Global Upheavals of the Mid-19th Century
The Train, the Rifle, and the Industrial Revolution
Transition in India: Last of the Mughals
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 and Its Ramifications
Darwin's Effect on 19th Century Ideas
Factors Which Led to the Solidifying of Nation States
1868 Japan: The Meiji Restoration
1871: Germany Becomes a Nation
North American Nation-Building
19th Century Changing Concepts of Labor
The Benefits of Comparative Advantage
Migration after the Age of Revolutions
Creating 19th Century Global Free Trade
The Expanding 19th Century Capitalist System
The Second Industrial Revolution
The Closing of the American Frontier
Africa's Second Imperial Wave
Early 20th Century American Imperialism
1894-1905: Japan's Imperial Wave in Asia
Rashid Rida and 19th Century Islamic Modernization
19th Century Pan-Islam and Zionism Movements
19th Century Global Export-Led Growth
Indian Wars and Mass Slaughter of Bison
The Suez Canal's Effect on the Malayan Tiger
1890-1914: Savage Wars of Peace
1900-1909: Russian and Turkish Dynasties
1899-1911 The End of the Qing Dynasty
The 1910 Mexican Revolution
The Panic of 1907
Turn-of-the-Century Civilization and its Discontents
20th Century Questioning of Reason
Late 19th Century Anxieties of Race
The First World War
The End of WWI and the Attempt at Global Peace
The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919
The Wilson-Lenin Moment
1919 Self-Determination Movements in India
Post-WWI European Peace and Global Colonial Upheaval
1929 Economic Collapse
Changes in Capitalism between the Wars