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Notes on video lecture:
Transition in India: Last of the Mughals
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
languish, corporate, Balkanization, discontent, Portuguese, industrial, dismantling, commercial, Enfield, Bombay, princes, defected, 1840s, jute, treaty, dualistic, coal, Punjab, domestic, taxes, transportation, impinging, 1857, Indian, Calcutta, modernized, railroad, market, monopoly, merchant, coastal, Dalhousie, businessmen, consumer, decomposition, Dehli, competition, cotton, mercantile
mid-19th century India
a story that braids together the stories of
the                rifle
the political shifts that are being imposed on the subcontinent
the protracted crisis in India is in contrast to what is happening in the United States
two major              exporters faced with two very different political fortunes
the pressures mounting for free market forces unleashed by the dismantling of old,                      states
the Americas
a series of European conquests
the Spanish, the                      and the English
colonized, dismantled, and drove underground many of the incumbent systems
1833 East India Company still enjoyed exclusive                  privileges in India
but increasing forced to compete with other merchants
a stimulus for the arrival of new                        looking for opportunities in India
both foreign (British)
as well as                  merchants taking advantages of opportunities presented by the dismantling of the monopoly power that the East India Company enjoyed
one of the most important limitations of the penetration of the Indian market was the obstacles in                             
most mercantile activity was restricted to                areas
thus the railroads had an important effect on India
began to take place in           
a spur to the expansion of the cotton frontier
cotton business focused on             
India had the          which could fuel the locomotive which would transport the cotton
most of the businesses in mining and in cotton production was, in fact,              owned
but cotton was not the only export, due to penetration of the continent
also          and tea
began to change the forces of power in India
away from           
to the                  magnates in the coastal port cities
the interiors get integrated to the coasts, and the coasts get integrated into the global              forces
this is part of the                      revolution
part of the advent of the                  revolution
these economic shifts coincide with a political process
Mughal Empire was in secular                           
had been composed of a constellation of forces that paid tribute
one by one they                 
by the middle of the 19th century, the Mughals were not just overwhelmed
not just by the power of the East India Company was able to impose on the region
but East India Company was facing arrival of new                       
                           of India
Bahadur Shah Zafar
last Mughal Emperor emperor in name only
authority was limited only to the city of Delhi
following his involvement in the Indian Rebellion of         , the British exiled him to Rangoon in British-controlled Burma
Indian actors played an active role in decomposing an incumbent system such as the Mughal Empire
also reduced the power that the East India Company once enjoyed
it's not a case of the East India Company replacing the Mughal emperor
not a                    takeover, but much more complicated
a figure who would collect            to make tributary payments to authorities, either to
East India Company
like tax farmers
would return                      privileges
aligned themselves with local                and merchants
influential in                        the power of the Mughal Empire and East India Company
The Earl of                   
1848 onwards
tried to
reorganize India
annex territories to their base in Bengal, in                 
an immediate affront to the Mughal Empire
expand railroads into inner India
a                    society
some parts of India locked in an old, peasant world
some parts were much more                     
higher productivity
market production
incorporated into the global, industrial arrangements
areas like the              were booming
while the interiors of Bengal were beginning to                 
all of this a setting for a perfect storm for frictions and                     
economic growth is not necessarily positive for everybody
there are losers involved politically, economically, and socially
as nations are forming in Europe and the Americas
and new empires are being constituted in Asia,
             ports were affecting China
these contradictory pressures were                    on India


jute, n. a long, soft, shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads, grown in East India and used for making mats, paper, gunny cloth  "Even though many mining and cotton businesses in India were, in fact, Indian owned, cotton was not the only major export: the production and export of jute and tea from Bengal were also becoming larger markets, in part due to the penetration of of railroads into the Indian continent beginning in the 1840s, and these were dominated by British businessmen."

Spelling Corrections:


Ideas and Concepts:

On the difference between Delhi and New Delhi, via this morning's History Since 1300 class: "Most people think that New Delhi is Delhi but it is not. New Delhi, which is the capital and seat of the government of India, is a territory in Delhi. It was in the early 20th century that New Delhi city was designed. It was designed as part of the shifting of the capital of the British Empire from Calcutta to Delhi. Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker are the architects who are credited with the design of the city. Both Delhi and New Delhi lie on the banks of the Yamuna River, but New Delhi was designed to be in the south of Delhi. Delhi is now a state and has a governor as the head of the government. The Government of India and the Delhi government jointly administer New Delhi. It is very hard to draw a boundary between Delhi and New Delhi. But one can make out the difference when looking at the architecture. In New Delhi, there is the Rashtrapathi Bhavan, Secretariat building, Parliament, Connaught Place, Lodhi Gardens, Jantar Mantar and India Gate. The embassies of other countries are situated towards the South of New Delhi. The streets and lanes in New Delhi are beautiful and tidy when compared with those of Delhi. In Delhi, one can come across old monuments, Mughal architecture and tombs. Red Fort, Lotus temple, Juma Masjid, Humayun Tomb are some of the old monuments in Delhi."
Columbus and the New World
1500-1700 Indian Ocean Trading system
Da Gama, Pepper and World History
Portuguese Indian Ocean Empire
16th Century Colonialism Fueling European Violence
Global Food: European Sugar, Caribbean Plantations, African Slaves
16th and 17th Century Merchant Trading Companies
17th Century Interdependence of Trade and Investment
Francis Drake and Mercantilist Wars
The Apex and Erosion of the Mughal Empire
The Treaty of Westphalia as the Hinge of Modern History
The Influence of Silver on the Ming Dynasty
Political Reverberations of Ming Consolidation
18th China Resurgent as Qing Dynasty
18th Century Tea Trade, Leisure Time, and the Spread of Knowledge
Cook and Clive: Discoverers, Collectors and Conquerors of the Enlightenment
Strains on the Universality of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment, Empire, and Colonization: Burke vs. Hastings
Enlightenment or Empire
18th Century Land Grabbing
The Industrial Revolution and the Transition of Non-Renewable Energy
The Seven Years' War and Colonial Revolutions
Napoleon, Spain, the Colonies, and Imperial Crises
Human Rights and the Meaning of Membership within Societies
Napoleon, New Nations, and Total War
The Ottoman Empire's 19th Century Tanzimat Reform
The Early 19th Century Market Revolution
The Global Upheavals of the Mid-19th Century
The Train, the Rifle, and the Industrial Revolution
Transition in India: Last of the Mughals
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 and Its Ramifications
Darwin's Effect on 19th Century Ideas
Factors Which Led to the Solidifying of Nation States
1868 Japan: The Meiji Restoration
1871: Germany Becomes a Nation
North American Nation-Building
19th Century Changing Concepts of Labor
The Benefits of Comparative Advantage
Migration after the Age of Revolutions
Creating 19th Century Global Free Trade
The Expanding 19th Century Capitalist System
The Second Industrial Revolution
The Closing of the American Frontier
Africa's Second Imperial Wave
Early 20th Century American Imperialism
1894-1905: Japan's Imperial Wave in Asia
Rashid Rida and 19th Century Islamic Modernization
19th Century Pan-Islam and Zionism Movements
19th Century Global Export-Led Growth
Indian Wars and Mass Slaughter of Bison
The Suez Canal's Effect on the Malayan Tiger
1890-1914: Savage Wars of Peace
1900-1909: Russian and Turkish Dynasties
1899-1911 The End of the Qing Dynasty
The 1910 Mexican Revolution
The Panic of 1907
Turn-of-the-Century Civilization and its Discontents
20th Century Questioning of Reason
Late 19th Century Anxieties of Race
The First World War
The End of WWI and the Attempt at Global Peace
The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919
The Wilson-Lenin Moment
1919 Self-Determination Movements in India
Post-WWI European Peace and Global Colonial Upheaval
1929 Economic Collapse
Changes in Capitalism between the Wars
1918-1945 Rethinking Economies