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Notes on video lecture:
North American Nation-Building
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
Darwin, Chicago, Southwest, farming, collision, feasible, occupation, religious, frontier, plural, Freedman, Brazil, government, coastal, innovations, exclusion, immigrants, slavery, nations, tractors, 1855, Combine, Reaper, Mexicans, expansion, Erie, hub, foreign, conquest, interest, global, windfall, redeployed, 1889, 700, technological, inscribing, opportunity, free, Argentina, cities, rural, South, feudal, warfare, incumbent, remnants, schools, Jefferson, maritime, 1870, sufficiency, hinterlands
United States
once referred to in the             , now being increasingly referred to in the singular
a process of the various parts through                   
while Japan and Germany integrated old,              parts into something new
the United States, Canada and              had different ambitions
they were the products of something new
they were not old feudal                 
what they did have was a                 
most of the populations were hemmed in and close to                regions
were old,                  colonies
the opening up of the                        and internal frontiers allowed these new areas of territorial expansion to be amalgamated to the older maritime colonies
in this way, frontier expansion enabled the creation of new               
what did this ecological                  look like from the frontier itself
the land of                       
Oklahoma Land Rush of         
land grabbers were released to rush out and stake claims to lands
an opportunity to expand               
the farmer almost becoming the icon of the nation builder to fan out across these new territorial regions
1800-1860, the number of U.S. farmers grew by       %
an agrarian model of expansion
expansion was dependent on actions of the                     
1803 Thomas                    acquired from France the territories of France
in some cases, expansion came only through                 
at the expense of indigenous peoples
at the expense of adjacent states
had difficulty defending themselves
                   of United States
in any case frontier expansion meant
eviction, dislocation, or containment in reservations of                    populations
the people who were there before the land grabbing began
it was difficult and there was little                  in integrating those that were met into the system
this particularly effected the fate of American Indians and                 
this expansion process as reinforced by                            changes
1834 The             
Cyrus McCormick
very popularly sold after         
1847 John Deere Plow: first all-steel plow
made commercial agriculture                 
there was a whole set of                        surrounding the plow that were important for opening up frontier lands
made frontier lands commercially viable
1860 The                Reaper/Harvester
1920 horses began to be replaced by                 
entire              would build on the backs of this process of mechanization of agriculture
territories which were once hinterlands were now producing goods which were being shipped nationally and internationally
city of               
came economically important through
became a        for this newly expanding territorial empire
decline of agrarian self-                      
more and more food production made by farmers with no intention of eating the food themselves
1820, 80% of the food production was consumed by            populations
by 1870, 60%
could feed growing urban population
became producer of foods for                markets
these kinds of processes were occurring also in Canada, Brazil and                   
number of farmers
1800: 600,000
1850: 1,800,000
        : 3,130,000
productivity was also increasing
many                      being attracted
expanding economy
took advantage of these new opportunities, particularly after 1862 Homestead Act
any adult citizen, or intended citizen, who had never borne arms against the U.S. government could claim 160 acres of surveyed government land
state played a very important roll
acquires land
declares land laws
built public               
led to a national identity
overcoming internal, regional, often linguistic and                    differences
there were minorities who were not allowed to participate
two divergent models of how this frontier expansion would occur
1. one based on          labor
2. one based on               
the expansion westward could not resolve this fundamental difference
helped put the country on a                    course to civil war
once the war was over, the country could create one military machine
pacify the remaining areas of frontier of resistance into corporation into the republic
the army used in the Civil War could not be                      to the West
leading to the defeat of the perennial threats to Westward expansion
1840 Comanche Raid
Comanches often resisted being incorporated into the United States
wars against the Comanches accelerated into the 1840s
led to a quasi military                      and mediation which eventually brought the Comanches under United States authority
military also become the occupying force in the           
                's Bureau as National-builder
U.S. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, popularly known as the Freedmen's Bureau, was established in 1865 by Congress to help former black slaves and poor whites in the South in the aftermath of the Civil War
these developments in the United States echoes worldwide nation building
new models of inclusion and                   
             is referring to our common origins but everywhere there is nation building
internal integration through language, political institutions and schools
to overcome the lines that segregated peoples within languages
but                      lines which separated nations with other nations
often using                as an instrument to build these new national identities
states makes war, and war makes nations
created a new and potent model for political identities, a feature of the              system that did not exist in 1750

Spelling Corrections:

Columbus and the New World
1500-1700 Indian Ocean Trading system
Da Gama, Pepper and World History
Portuguese Indian Ocean Empire
16th Century Colonialism Fueling European Violence
Global Food: European Sugar, Caribbean Plantations, African Slaves
16th and 17th Century Merchant Trading Companies
17th Century Interdependence of Trade and Investment
Francis Drake and Mercantilist Wars
The Apex and Erosion of the Mughal Empire
The Treaty of Westphalia as the Hinge of Modern History
The Influence of Silver on the Ming Dynasty
Political Reverberations of Ming Consolidation
18th China Resurgent as Qing Dynasty
18th Century Tea Trade, Leisure Time, and the Spread of Knowledge
Cook and Clive: Discoverers, Collectors and Conquerors of the Enlightenment
Strains on the Universality of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment, Empire, and Colonization: Burke vs. Hastings
Enlightenment or Empire
18th Century Land Grabbing
The Industrial Revolution and the Transition of Non-Renewable Energy
The Seven Years' War and Colonial Revolutions
Napoleon, Spain, the Colonies, and Imperial Crises
Human Rights and the Meaning of Membership within Societies
Napoleon, New Nations, and Total War
The Ottoman Empire's 19th Century Tanzimat Reform
The Early 19th Century Market Revolution
The Global Upheavals of the Mid-19th Century
The Train, the Rifle, and the Industrial Revolution
Transition in India: Last of the Mughals
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 and Its Ramifications
Darwin's Effect on 19th Century Ideas
Factors Which Led to the Solidifying of Nation States
1868 Japan: The Meiji Restoration
1871: Germany Becomes a Nation
North American Nation-Building
19th Century Changing Concepts of Labor
The Benefits of Comparative Advantage
Migration after the Age of Revolutions
Creating 19th Century Global Free Trade
The Expanding 19th Century Capitalist System
The Second Industrial Revolution
The Closing of the American Frontier
Africa's Second Imperial Wave
Early 20th Century American Imperialism
1894-1905: Japan's Imperial Wave in Asia
Rashid Rida and 19th Century Islamic Modernization
19th Century Pan-Islam and Zionism Movements
19th Century Global Export-Led Growth
Indian Wars and Mass Slaughter of Bison
The Suez Canal's Effect on the Malayan Tiger
1890-1914: Savage Wars of Peace
1900-1909: Russian and Turkish Dynasties
1899-1911 The End of the Qing Dynasty
The 1910 Mexican Revolution
The Panic of 1907
Turn-of-the-Century Civilization and its Discontents
20th Century Questioning of Reason
Late 19th Century Anxieties of Race
The First World War
The End of WWI and the Attempt at Global Peace
The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919
The Wilson-Lenin Moment
1919 Self-Determination Movements in India
Post-WWI European Peace and Global Colonial Upheaval
1929 Economic Collapse
Changes in Capitalism between the Wars
1918-1945 Rethinking Economies