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Notes on video lecture:
The Train, the Rifle, and the Industrial Revolution
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
lethality, Taiping, rippled, Watt, global, uncertainty, collapsed, 1803, Germany, cylindrical, interdependent, cumbersome, markets, immobile, labor, sufficient, European, spiral, intensify, Enfield, mouth, piston, revolutions, cotton, surface, unrest, Napoleonic, mobility, frontiers, competition, societies, weaponry, downwardly, hinterlands, immobile
the global upheavals that happening in the mid 19th century were part of a              economic process
result of changes that began to                   
a shift in the world from interconnected to                             
societies which were able to take care of themselves were now increasingly dependent on other                   
societies are not just in contact with each other, they're not even just influencing each other, they have become dependent upon each other
two drivers in this process of global interdependence
1. the effects of the Industrial Revolution had as it                around the world
the deepening of the Industrial Revolution transformed the global division of           
gives rises to new economies that define their existence and prosperity on the ability to export goods for                  consumption
local artisans in China, France, in many places will face                       
2. the expansion of new                   
the combination of markets and financial resources began to penetrate the                        of the world
protests occur when there are abrupt and perceived changes in                  patterns
particularly as people become suddenly                      mobile
or there is a rise in social                        about how people are going to meet their needs
don't necessarily give rise to             
necessary conditions but not                      conditions for unrest
it needs the break in a political system
allows for the social discontent to arise to the               
the prophets of                experienced a crises in the nature of the Chinese state
technological changes
had multiplier effects on the Industrial Revolution
these                        are not instant and have ripple effects
there were a whole set of cultural forces that led to revolutions and technological innovations intensified them
1.                  steam engine
burn coal, boil water, drive              cylinders
1769          (inventor) and Boulton (industrialist), Steam Engine
a coalition of tinkers and investors
applied to stationary machinery
cotton mill
the proportion of machinery to men, increases what a man can produce
allows cotton textiles to be sold to larger               
but you needed             
rejuvenates economy of United States South
especially after          with Louisiana Purchase, new lands, new capabilities
expansion of cotton production in South is connected to Industrial Revolution in Europe
India as well, exported cotton to Great Britain
transformed villages from self-sustaining entities to entities for producing export
increasing distinction between societies which produce goods for export to manufacturing countries, and those who produce goods for manufacture
2.                  steam engine
if an engine could move, it could also pull
enabled people to move into the hinterlands around the world
                   the difference between interiors and coastlines
to integrate these areas into the global marketplace
until 1850, canals and roads were most important
after 1850, railroad production takes off
railways KM opened, 1850 to 1875,
US: 14,000 to 119,000 ***
Britain: 10,000 to 23,000
              : 6,000 to 28,000
Canada: 100 to 7,000
India: 30 to 10,000
Russia: 500 to 19,000
just the beginning of a new era of integration
societies get reoriented by these technologies
3. changes in                 
                     Wars were last large-scale wars that were fought with muskets
a smooth (not             ) bore picture
musket had problem short range and low accuracy
                     and slow
Industrial Revolution transformed the                    of warfare
total war and global war would change dramatically
development of the rifle as a more precise and economic way of building weapons
had spiral bore
greater accuracy
increased velocity
slow to load and hence confined initially to hunting
muzzle loading as well (from            of gun)
because of the nature of the barrel, harder
hard to produce because of the spiral barrel
but Industrial Revolution's ability to mass produce objects becomes better and better
many innovations in 1840s led to the mass production of rifles in 1850s with an increasing rate of fire
interchangeable parts
easier to manufacture
U.S.: Springfield

Spelling Corrections:

Columbus and the New World
1500-1700 Indian Ocean Trading system
Da Gama, Pepper and World History
Portuguese Indian Ocean Empire
16th Century Colonialism Fueling European Violence
Global Food: European Sugar, Caribbean Plantations, African Slaves
16th and 17th Century Merchant Trading Companies
17th Century Interdependence of Trade and Investment
Francis Drake and Mercantilist Wars
The Apex and Erosion of the Mughal Empire
The Treaty of Westphalia as the Hinge of Modern History
The Influence of Silver on the Ming Dynasty
Political Reverberations of Ming Consolidation
18th China Resurgent as Qing Dynasty
18th Century Tea Trade, Leisure Time, and the Spread of Knowledge
Cook and Clive: Discoverers, Collectors and Conquerors of the Enlightenment
Strains on the Universality of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment, Empire, and Colonization: Burke vs. Hastings
Enlightenment or Empire
18th Century Land Grabbing
The Industrial Revolution and the Transition of Non-Renewable Energy
The Seven Years' War and Colonial Revolutions
Napoleon, Spain, the Colonies, and Imperial Crises
Human Rights and the Meaning of Membership within Societies
Napoleon, New Nations, and Total War
The Ottoman Empire's 19th Century Tanzimat Reform
The Early 19th Century Market Revolution
The Global Upheavals of the Mid-19th Century
The Train, the Rifle, and the Industrial Revolution
Transition in India: Last of the Mughals
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 and Its Ramifications
Darwin's Effect on 19th Century Ideas
Factors Which Led to the Solidifying of Nation States
1868 Japan: The Meiji Restoration
1871: Germany Becomes a Nation
North American Nation-Building
19th Century Changing Concepts of Labor
The Benefits of Comparative Advantage
Migration after the Age of Revolutions
Creating 19th Century Global Free Trade
The Expanding 19th Century Capitalist System
The Second Industrial Revolution
The Closing of the American Frontier
Africa's Second Imperial Wave
Early 20th Century American Imperialism
1894-1905: Japan's Imperial Wave in Asia
Rashid Rida and 19th Century Islamic Modernization
19th Century Pan-Islam and Zionism Movements
19th Century Global Export-Led Growth
Indian Wars and Mass Slaughter of Bison
The Suez Canal's Effect on the Malayan Tiger
1890-1914: Savage Wars of Peace
1900-1909: Russian and Turkish Dynasties
1899-1911 The End of the Qing Dynasty
The 1910 Mexican Revolution
The Panic of 1907
Turn-of-the-Century Civilization and its Discontents
20th Century Questioning of Reason
Late 19th Century Anxieties of Race
The First World War
The End of WWI and the Attempt at Global Peace
The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919
The Wilson-Lenin Moment
1919 Self-Determination Movements in India
Post-WWI European Peace and Global Colonial Upheaval
1929 Economic Collapse
Changes in Capitalism between the Wars
1918-1945 Rethinking Economies