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Notes on video lecture:
Columbus and the New World
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
gold, Arabic, collision, Muslim, Atlantic, Granada, currents, Orinoco, conquest, visiting
to understand the                    that happened after 1492, we have to understand what was happening in the Old World
Russians moving north and east, many legends from this time, fish with men's heads, etc.
*** in West, forces of Christendom not faring too badly, Portugal and Spain, pushing              forces south, culminating in alliance of Castille and Aragon, formed by marriage between Isabella of Castille and Ferdinand of Aragon, they pushed the southern border down into Andalusia until 1492 got down to               , the last Muslim outpost in Western Europe
Genovese and Venetian financiers began supporting explorations down western coast of Africa, three fateful things happened with this
1. islands in                 : became laboratories, colonies, sugar plantations, involved in African slavery
2. tapping into African sources of         , lured more and more, plus buying slaves
*** 3. discovery that there were equatorial                  that Europeans could use to their advantage, this was a code cracked in the 1490s
Columbus was always committed to the believe that the earth was much smaller than it really was
he was not proficient at using quadrants and nautical charts, but used tradition use of stars and made constant mistakes
Cabot in 1497 and Cabral in 1500 were much more up-to-date than Columbus
but Columbus was first to make landfall
sailed for Isabella and Ferdinand, just reconquered south Spain, Columbus approached them, promised:
yield riches to lead the final triumphant campaign to liberate Jerusalem
his gaze was not on the new world, he was still struggling to resolve an ancient one
*** Columbus always denied he had discovered a new world. His most frequent question to the native peoples was "Where is Japan?"
realized that                River was fresh water, meant it was on a landscape that was much larger than the island he was sure he was bumping up against, so he turned his vessels around and left
*** Columbus had taken a translator, the problem was of course that the translator knew only             , etc.
Takes natives aboard ships and trains them in the Spanish language, something at heart of conquest process
it was soon clear that Spanish were not just                  but there to stay
first colony: Hispaniola
*** very important phase of world history: the production of tropical commodities for export to Europe, sets in motion a dynamic that blurs the boundaries between                  and colonization, created societies destined for the production of wealth for someone else
natives began to die because of diseases
rumors: there are more riches to be had on other islands, hence the legend of El Dorado
Columbus and the New World
1500-1700 Indian Ocean Trading system
Da Gama, Pepper and World History
Portuguese Indian Ocean Empire
16th Century Colonialism Fueling European Violence
Global Food: European Sugar, Caribbean Plantations, African Slaves
16th and 17th Century Merchant Trading Companies
17th Century Interdependence of Trade and Investment
Francis Drake and Mercantilist Wars
The Apex and Erosion of the Mughal Empire
The Treaty of Westphalia as the Hinge of Modern History
The Influence of Silver on the Ming Dynasty
Political Reverberations of Ming Consolidation
18th China Resurgent as Qing Dynasty
18th Century Tea Trade, Leisure Time, and the Spread of Knowledge
Cook and Clive: Discoverers, Collectors and Conquerors of the Enlightenment
Strains on the Universality of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment, Empire, and Colonization: Burke vs. Hastings
Enlightenment or Empire
18th Century Land Grabbing
The Industrial Revolution and the Transition of Non-Renewable Energy
The Seven Years' War and Colonial Revolutions
Napoleon, Spain, the Colonies, and Imperial Crises
Human Rights and the Meaning of Membership within Societies
Napoleon, New Nations, and Total War
The Ottoman Empire's 19th Century Tanzimat Reform
The Early 19th Century Market Revolution
The Global Upheavals of the Mid-19th Century
The Train, the Rifle, and the Industrial Revolution
Transition in India: Last of the Mughals
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 and Its Ramifications
Darwin's Effect on 19th Century Ideas
Factors Which Led to the Solidifying of Nation States
1868 Japan: The Meiji Restoration
1871: Germany Becomes a Nation
North American Nation-Building
19th Century Changing Concepts of Labor
The Benefits of Comparative Advantage
Migration after the Age of Revolutions
Creating 19th Century Global Free Trade
The Expanding 19th Century Capitalist System
The Second Industrial Revolution
The Closing of the American Frontier
Africa's Second Imperial Wave
Early 20th Century American Imperialism
1894-1905: Japan's Imperial Wave in Asia
Rashid Rida and 19th Century Islamic Modernization
19th Century Pan-Islam and Zionism Movements
19th Century Global Export-Led Growth
Indian Wars and Mass Slaughter of Bison
The Suez Canal's Effect on the Malayan Tiger
1890-1914: Savage Wars of Peace
1900-1909: Russian and Turkish Dynasties
1899-1911 The End of the Qing Dynasty
The 1910 Mexican Revolution
The Panic of 1907
Turn-of-the-Century Civilization and its Discontents
20th Century Questioning of Reason
Late 19th Century Anxieties of Race
The First World War
The End of WWI and the Attempt at Global Peace
The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919
The Wilson-Lenin Moment
1919 Self-Determination Movements in India
Post-WWI European Peace and Global Colonial Upheaval
1929 Economic Collapse
Changes in Capitalism between the Wars
1918-1945 Rethinking Economies