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Notes on video lecture:
16th Century Colonialism Fueling European Violence
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
choke, Andean, pepper, wealth, agrarian, Europeans, 1637, Spice, Mughals, silver, Sultanate, Holland, Westphalia, Jesuits, Christian, bullying, indebted
for all of the European                  in the Indian Ocean, they had to adapt to existing institutions
gaining access to the supply of goods that they wanted was very complicated
in the rivalry between the European powers, local traders could use this to their advantage and play them against each other
local traders were making money in this business as well
             prices were very high at this time
Arab traders realized that they could manipulate the                    by flooding the market, making prices go up and down
Dutch had to spend more money on defenses while their businesses were beginning to yield losses
Europeans went after            points in the Indian Ocean usually run by Sultanate families conducting and managing trade but did not have the defense systems set up as did the Chinese
China wasn't vulnerable in this way because they were an                  dynasty instead of a dynasty reliant on Arab trade
China relied more on taxes skimmed off of agricultural producers instead of rent from merchants
hence the Europeans went after those more vulnerable polities reliant on trade
alliances were formed between strong                    families and European powers
so there was a different model of empire for Europeans in East Asia than in the Americas
the Dutch created the            Islands as colonies but otherwise what Europeans tended to do in East Asia was to control the trade systems from the peripheries of the Asian dynasties
for the most part, the Europeans were not creating power kingdoms and colonies as they were doing in the Americas
aside from capturing and showing their mercantile muscle in the most vulnerable choke points and entrepôts such as Macao, Hormuz, Bengal, and Calicut, the Europeans barely touching down on the surfaces of East Asian trade systems
and for all of the bullying, the Portuguese were soon forced to roll back, the                drove them out of Bengal in 1632
Japan did the same to all the missionaries and traders who arrived in Japan in         
so by the late 17th century, the Europeans had a few points of minor control in East Asia which was in contrast to the vast colonies they were controlling in the Americas
East India resembled more the trading points of Africa than they did the American colonies
nevertheless, the European influence in East Asia was the beginnings of the reordering of the region
and the reordering of East Asia wound up augmenting a disequilibrium within Europe itself
the              that poured in from the rest of the world had a mixed blessing for many of the states, particularly for the Spanish since Spain was now under attack all over: abroad and in Europe, and compelled to defend a model of religious tradition and devotion against heretics in the form of the reformation from 1520 on, there are simmering disputes in Germany spreading to               , then part of the Spanish empire, and to England and elsewhere.
1520 Reformation
Martin Luther publishes on the freedom of                    man
gives rise to a century of religious wars of denominational cultures within Europe
overlaps with and intensifies the rivalries between the dynasties of Europe
new world             , drawn out of              mines, was used to fuel these religious wars
silver funded the Reformation and Counter-Reformation struggles
1534                founded to defend piety
war in Holland because Spain's Vietnam
each side of the political struggle in Europe depended on a system of predation and exploitation the rest of the world
they needed to harass resources to wage the war at home
so the globalization of European power fueled the violence within Europe itself
1572: St. Bartholomew's Day massacre
1618-1648: Thirty Years War
Treaty of                     
change in diplomacy in Europe
put end to major conflicts
left Spain heavily                 , a world power dependent ever more on its colonies to sustain itself
rise of Holland, France, England
an end to the dream that Europe might be governed by a new Roman Empire, able to go liberate the Holy land, a fantasy of the political leaders in Europe for centuries
Columbus and the New World
1500-1700 Indian Ocean Trading system
Da Gama, Pepper and World History
Portuguese Indian Ocean Empire
16th Century Colonialism Fueling European Violence
Global Food: European Sugar, Caribbean Plantations, African Slaves
16th and 17th Century Merchant Trading Companies
17th Century Interdependence of Trade and Investment
Francis Drake and Mercantilist Wars
The Apex and Erosion of the Mughal Empire
The Treaty of Westphalia as the Hinge of Modern History
The Influence of Silver on the Ming Dynasty
Political Reverberations of Ming Consolidation
18th China Resurgent as Qing Dynasty
18th Century Tea Trade, Leisure Time, and the Spread of Knowledge
Cook and Clive: Discoverers, Collectors and Conquerors of the Enlightenment
Strains on the Universality of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment, Empire, and Colonization: Burke vs. Hastings
Enlightenment or Empire
18th Century Land Grabbing
The Industrial Revolution and the Transition of Non-Renewable Energy
The Seven Years' War and Colonial Revolutions
Napoleon, Spain, the Colonies, and Imperial Crises
Human Rights and the Meaning of Membership within Societies
Napoleon, New Nations, and Total War
The Ottoman Empire's 19th Century Tanzimat Reform
The Early 19th Century Market Revolution
The Global Upheavals of the Mid-19th Century
The Train, the Rifle, and the Industrial Revolution
Transition in India: Last of the Mughals
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 and Its Ramifications
Darwin's Effect on 19th Century Ideas
Factors Which Led to the Solidifying of Nation States
1868 Japan: The Meiji Restoration
1871: Germany Becomes a Nation
North American Nation-Building
19th Century Changing Concepts of Labor
The Benefits of Comparative Advantage
Migration after the Age of Revolutions
Creating 19th Century Global Free Trade
The Expanding 19th Century Capitalist System
The Second Industrial Revolution
The Closing of the American Frontier
Africa's Second Imperial Wave
Early 20th Century American Imperialism
1894-1905: Japan's Imperial Wave in Asia
Rashid Rida and 19th Century Islamic Modernization
19th Century Pan-Islam and Zionism Movements
19th Century Global Export-Led Growth
Indian Wars and Mass Slaughter of Bison
The Suez Canal's Effect on the Malayan Tiger
1890-1914: Savage Wars of Peace
1900-1909: Russian and Turkish Dynasties
1899-1911 The End of the Qing Dynasty
The 1910 Mexican Revolution
The Panic of 1907
Turn-of-the-Century Civilization and its Discontents
20th Century Questioning of Reason
Late 19th Century Anxieties of Race
The First World War
The End of WWI and the Attempt at Global Peace
The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919
The Wilson-Lenin Moment
1919 Self-Determination Movements in India
Post-WWI European Peace and Global Colonial Upheaval
1929 Economic Collapse
Changes in Capitalism between the Wars
1918-1945 Rethinking Economies