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Notes on video lecture:
The Second Industrial Revolution
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
mercantilist, families, Zaibatsu, monopolies, countries, Westinghouse, ports, labor, assembly, location, productivity, rifle, specialization, capitalism, commodities, hinterlands, steel, global, centralized, frontiers, reorganize, Carnigie, malleable, coastal, annihilation, AEG, elites, puddled
the 19th century saw a drive to                      the world economy on new principles
instead of the                          empires pulling the parts of the world together
empires began reaching into the                       
now what we see are different relationships emerging based on the flows of           , capital, and commodities dictated by market forces
a global economic system which was reinforced by a deepening industrial revolution
intensified the process of                              around the world
a shift from organic to inorganic energy sources
beginnings of factory production
the expansion of markets
creating whole new                   
opening the way and opened by railroad and credit expansion
markets were no longer local and               
now penetrating deep into interiors
the second industrial revolution
after 1850, this process intensifies
a shift from the first industrial revolution to the second industrial revolution
this expansion into the hinterlands is a second phase in the development of                     
a shift from textile and steam to iron and           
Bessemer Steel
by the 1870s a technical method was developed which                iron into steel
made metal tougher, more resistant and more                   
perfect for a new machine age
now energy because of the scale of these new steel plants, energy had to be brought to the production                 
before that we located our production where the source of energy was: windmills, and factories around sea           
oil, coil and electricity gave factory location much more flexibility
more                        pattern of ownership
from                  owning textile plants
much more vertically integrated companies
by late 19th century dominant companies come into being
                         Electric (1886, Pittsburgh)
General Electric (1889, New York)
U.S. Steel (1901, Pittsburgh)
       (1883, Berlin)
Siemens (1847, Berlin)
                 (late 19th century, Japan)
large family-controlled vertical                      consisting of a holding company on top, with a wholly owned banking subsidiary providing finance, and several industrial subsidiaries dominating specific sectors of a market, either solely, or through a number of subsidiary companies
iron corporations of Britain could no longer compete with steel
economic driver of the second industrial revolution
the Lee–Enfield           
much of science driven by military logistics
Crimean war (1853-1856)
the ability to take out your enemy depended as much on your ability to field new war machinery as it was on military tactics
this also began leading up to the ability for societies to wage total warfare, wars of                         
once you harness the second industrial techniques and technology
consumer goods
people scarcely imagined existing before
machinery to build machines had to be created
industrialization goes more global
United States, Germany, Russian, Japan became industrial nations
fanning out to the rest of the world
industries move to other global locations
change              markets of labor
provide new set of demands for energy
coal and petroleum became very important inputs for this process
the gulf between the cities and                    grows
conglomerate companies would run production of coal and petroleum all the way to consumer goods
Andrew                  (1835-1919)
John D. Rockefeller (1839-1937)
the new economic titans of this new age, replacing the old mercantile             
mass production
changed the ways in which work was conducted
or a deepening of a process from the first industrial revolution
the                  line
Ford's Model T
works are all tasked with doing one thing
specializing in one part of the process
brought increasing                         
in a similar way, entire societies were becoming specialized producers of specific                       

Spelling Corrections:

Columbus and the New World
1500-1700 Indian Ocean Trading system
Da Gama, Pepper and World History
Portuguese Indian Ocean Empire
16th Century Colonialism Fueling European Violence
Global Food: European Sugar, Caribbean Plantations, African Slaves
16th and 17th Century Merchant Trading Companies
17th Century Interdependence of Trade and Investment
Francis Drake and Mercantilist Wars
The Apex and Erosion of the Mughal Empire
The Treaty of Westphalia as the Hinge of Modern History
The Influence of Silver on the Ming Dynasty
Political Reverberations of Ming Consolidation
18th China Resurgent as Qing Dynasty
18th Century Tea Trade, Leisure Time, and the Spread of Knowledge
Cook and Clive: Discoverers, Collectors and Conquerors of the Enlightenment
Strains on the Universality of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment, Empire, and Colonization: Burke vs. Hastings
Enlightenment or Empire
18th Century Land Grabbing
The Industrial Revolution and the Transition of Non-Renewable Energy
The Seven Years' War and Colonial Revolutions
Napoleon, Spain, the Colonies, and Imperial Crises
Human Rights and the Meaning of Membership within Societies
Napoleon, New Nations, and Total War
The Ottoman Empire's 19th Century Tanzimat Reform
The Early 19th Century Market Revolution
The Global Upheavals of the Mid-19th Century
The Train, the Rifle, and the Industrial Revolution
Transition in India: Last of the Mughals
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 and Its Ramifications
Darwin's Effect on 19th Century Ideas
Factors Which Led to the Solidifying of Nation States
1868 Japan: The Meiji Restoration
1871: Germany Becomes a Nation
North American Nation-Building
19th Century Changing Concepts of Labor
The Benefits of Comparative Advantage
Migration after the Age of Revolutions
Creating 19th Century Global Free Trade
The Expanding 19th Century Capitalist System
The Second Industrial Revolution
The Closing of the American Frontier
Africa's Second Imperial Wave
Early 20th Century American Imperialism
1894-1905: Japan's Imperial Wave in Asia
Rashid Rida and 19th Century Islamic Modernization
19th Century Pan-Islam and Zionism Movements
19th Century Global Export-Led Growth
Indian Wars and Mass Slaughter of Bison
The Suez Canal's Effect on the Malayan Tiger
1890-1914: Savage Wars of Peace
1900-1909: Russian and Turkish Dynasties
1899-1911 The End of the Qing Dynasty
The 1910 Mexican Revolution
The Panic of 1907
Turn-of-the-Century Civilization and its Discontents
20th Century Questioning of Reason
Late 19th Century Anxieties of Race
The First World War
The End of WWI and the Attempt at Global Peace
The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919
The Wilson-Lenin Moment
1919 Self-Determination Movements in India
Post-WWI European Peace and Global Colonial Upheaval
1929 Economic Collapse
Changes in Capitalism between the Wars
1918-1945 Rethinking Economies