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Notes on video lecture:
Human Rights and the Meaning of Membership within Societies
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
sovereignty, citizens, barbaric, presages, Goya, Bartolomé, bodies, repository, novel, Conquistadors, universal, creaturehood, capricious, torture, architecture, XIV, exterminate, colonies, rivalry, Sentiments, abolished, membership, violence, autonomous, peoples, hater, 18th, private, others, conflict, victim, total, nation, France, Quebec, who, Richardson, peaceful, popular, settler, incumbents, judicial, Amherst
the French Revolution changed the nature of imperial               
now total wars were fought over the very existence of the                  within empires
         and many other painters
wars are now between peoples for               
bodies were now sites for political                 
not fighting over territory or dynasty
fighting over the meaning of                      in society
shifting balance between                populations in neo-Europes and the incumbent populations
stand-off between the newcomers and                     
loose, not always                 , coexistence
with the arrival of            war to these outlying areas, we see the beginnings of exterminist campaigns
led new arrivals to remove or                        incumbent populations
fueled by the land rush
Jeffrey                (1717–1797)
famous during Seven Years War
seized             
in back-lands of English colonies, he was a notorious Indian           
the effort to exterminate Indians from territories to open up lands for European settlement,                  dynamics that we see take place later in other corners of the world to exclude people, destroy people, remove people from the lands that they lived in
once you propose the fundamental idea that the government should be made by the people for the people, what ensues is a conflict over        the people are
along with the revolution of rights, we get a revolution in the practice of political violence
these are related to each other:                  and membership
rights revolution
changes from the late          century altered the concept of the political subject
spread around the world
the by-product of global conflict and global phenomenon
French Revolution
certain people enjoyed these rights
defined now as                 
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
age of revolution ushers in a new concept of the political subject endowed with rights to protect themselves
how do you choose who enjoys these rights
invent another category called the              whose co-members get to enjoy these rights
the United States and French revolutions were fought in the name of a people united as a nation
this fundamentally altered the concept of                       
used to reside in the ruler
from Ming to Qing to Louis       
now the rights to rule where not divinely inscribed
it was the people who were themselves were the                      of sovereignty
for Thomas Jefferson, these rights are self evident inscribed in the rights of man
the freedom from                      state power
right of the state to torture
out of this debate, we derive our idea of                    human rights
                                 de las Casas
argued for the right of Indians to be protected from the                            as God's creatures
these norms governing                          began to be addressed and questioned
invention of the           
Rouseau: "Julie, ou la nouvelle Héloïse"
Samuel                     : "Clarissa, or, the History of a Young Lady"
first novel in history, in the modern sense
create a sense of empathy with the characters
heroic stories, on the other hand, were not about the identification with the character, but even deification
focusing on passion, love, virtue
emotional
an effort to regard each other as                     , feeling beings
the essential integrity of individuals and their             
led to campaigns to rid the world of                and public spectacles of pain
e.g. expressed in Goya's painting
inflicting pain through torture, shown to be a                  act
Adam Smith "The Theory of Moral                     "
published in 1759
first chapter uses examples of torture
asks: what if we knew that the              of the torture was our brother?
act of imagination and empathy
identification is our source of sympathy for other people
our individuality is defined by our capacity to identify with the pain of             
across Europe their ensued a widespread campaign to abolish                  torture
1783 Britain
1789             
the state using the body of a political subject as a tool for influence was                   
bodies were now seen as self-contained
this trend even had effects on                          for common people
special rooms to keep the body               
the separation of beds
there was a new sensibility to the human body as something sacred which had rights
novels about personalities and empathy for others became               
and this new talk of rights contained within each human began to change the course of human events

Ideas and Concepts:

Adam Smith's other book, via tonight's History Since 1300 class: "The disposition to admire, and almost worship the rich and powerful and to neglect persons of poor and mean conditions is the greatest and most universal cause of the corruption of our moral sentiments."
Columbus and the New World
1500-1700 Indian Ocean Trading system
Da Gama, Pepper and World History
Portuguese Indian Ocean Empire
16th Century Colonialism Fueling European Violence
Global Food: European Sugar, Caribbean Plantations, African Slaves
16th and 17th Century Merchant Trading Companies
17th Century Interdependence of Trade and Investment
Francis Drake and Mercantilist Wars
The Apex and Erosion of the Mughal Empire
The Treaty of Westphalia as the Hinge of Modern History
The Influence of Silver on the Ming Dynasty
Political Reverberations of Ming Consolidation
18th China Resurgent as Qing Dynasty
18th Century Tea Trade, Leisure Time, and the Spread of Knowledge
Cook and Clive: Discoverers, Collectors and Conquerors of the Enlightenment
Strains on the Universality of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment, Empire, and Colonization: Burke vs. Hastings
Enlightenment or Empire
18th Century Land Grabbing
The Industrial Revolution and the Transition of Non-Renewable Energy
The Seven Years' War and Colonial Revolutions
Napoleon, Spain, the Colonies, and Imperial Crises
Human Rights and the Meaning of Membership within Societies
Napoleon, New Nations, and Total War
The Ottoman Empire's 19th Century Tanzimat Reform
The Early 19th Century Market Revolution
The Global Upheavals of the Mid-19th Century
The Train, the Rifle, and the Industrial Revolution
Transition in India: Last of the Mughals
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 and Its Ramifications
Darwin's Effect on 19th Century Ideas
Factors Which Led to the Solidifying of Nation States
1868 Japan: The Meiji Restoration
1871: Germany Becomes a Nation
North American Nation-Building
19th Century Changing Concepts of Labor
The Benefits of Comparative Advantage
Migration after the Age of Revolutions
Creating 19th Century Global Free Trade
The Expanding 19th Century Capitalist System
The Second Industrial Revolution
The Closing of the American Frontier
Africa's Second Imperial Wave
Early 20th Century American Imperialism
1894-1905: Japan's Imperial Wave in Asia
Rashid Rida and 19th Century Islamic Modernization
19th Century Pan-Islam and Zionism Movements
19th Century Global Export-Led Growth
Indian Wars and Mass Slaughter of Bison
The Suez Canal's Effect on the Malayan Tiger
1890-1914: Savage Wars of Peace
1900-1909: Russian and Turkish Dynasties
1899-1911 The End of the Qing Dynasty
The 1910 Mexican Revolution
The Panic of 1907
Turn-of-the-Century Civilization and its Discontents
20th Century Questioning of Reason
Late 19th Century Anxieties of Race
The First World War
The End of WWI and the Attempt at Global Peace