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Notes on video lecture:
The End of WWI and the Attempt at Global Peace
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
magnitude, moorings, rescue, Hapsburg, international, Armenian, Russians, debts, gold, dismantling, rivalry, center, conflicts, demilitarized, proportioned, differences, concentration, India, combatants, London, photographer, aftermath, member, wars, rebuilding, war, Wilson, 1915, economy, France, Congress, Dardanelle, world, hobbled, oppression, curtailing, 1945, inflation, Ottoman, Nations
after WWI ended, the nations were faced with the task of                      the core at the center of the world system
tried to patch up the                        they had
some envisioned a world that would put an end to the                    that had given rise to the First World War
an idea put forth as the war ground down: this should be a war to end all         
this was the spirit, albeit not well                         , of the men who gathered in Versailles in France in 1919
imagined and discussed &global& peace
Woodrow              was the hero of the day
particularly in             
treated the entrance of the United States in the war as one of the moments that would              France
sought to design a new            system
shared several principles:
1.                            trade system had to be restored
the change for peace would be better the more there was a global               
restore the          standard
the center of that global economy in the 19th century was              and Britain, using the pound
but Britain now had large            to its dominions and to the United States now
it was unclear how this gold standard would get its                 
inhibited by high                    rates
restore trade
trade imbalances inhibited this
there was no more              to the world economy
no plagued by debts
this was never completely resolved
2. the central powers would be                           
3. begin the process of                        old empires
Woodrow Wilson: inter-imperial                had been the cause of conflict
dismantle the empires because empires seek       
democratic nation-states are the anchorage for peace
self-determined nation-states should be rules by constitutional democracy
create protectorates
create nation-states out of the old
                 Empire
               Empire
colonies were entrusted to become protectorates and mandates
Palestine
1917 Lord Balfour declared that new states would be created in this zone, and until then these states would become protectorates
to govern all of this, there would be a new meta-institution for the world called the League of               
to prevent future conflicts
it was a Utopian architecture
met resistance from the United States
isolationists believed that the United States
the United States                  refused to ratify the treaty that would give rise to the league of nations
this was quite different than the decision by the United States in          at the end of WWII
while the League of Nations was approved, the United States was not a             
from the beginning, the league of nations was a                organization
there arose a spectre of violence and rising racialized genocide
WWI was also an internal war among empires
Gandhi and others in            became increasingly active again the suppression in India
the English economy had become quite dependent on India and needed it to support the war effort
the empire was 40% larger than Britain itself
         Defense of India Act
an emergency criminal law enacted by the Governor-General of India with the intention of                      the nationalist and revolutionary activities during and in the aftermath of the First World War.
especially severe in the Punjab and Bengal
by 1918, Britain had over 2 million Indian soldiers in combat and non-combat unions
extermination was more sever in the Ottoman Empire
mass killing of                  Christians
Ottomans lived in fear
the                      Straits had been blockaded
the                  had invaded the Ottoman Empire
there was concern of non-Turkish people to the Ottoman effort
Greeks, Jews, and especially Christian Armenias were targeted for                     
Turkey felt it had to purge itself of foreign elements
foreigners inside Turkey was a problem for Turkey itself
Yusuf Akçura: "Turkishness is a brotherhood born of race."
started                            camps
soon billowed into an extermination campaign
goal was to eradicate the Christian presense
began in 1915
Armenians gathered together in camps
something more macabre and sinister
how do you tell the story of the hanged and executioners
how do you tell the story where the executioners pose for the                          in front of those they hanged
600,000 - 1,000,000 Armenians were slaughtered or died
the world had not yet seen a mass killing of non-                     on this scale before
90% of the Armenian population was eliminated
WWI was in a sense like a giant onion: conflicts within villages that would escalate outward into large conflicts and eventually a war among empires and brutality between states
so a war of this constitution and                    was not a war to end all wars
in some ways, we are still trying to cope with its                   
Columbus and the New World
1500-1700 Indian Ocean Trading system
Da Gama, Pepper and World History
Portuguese Indian Ocean Empire
16th Century Colonialism Fueling European Violence
Global Food: European Sugar, Caribbean Plantations, African Slaves
16th and 17th Century Merchant Trading Companies
17th Century Interdependence of Trade and Investment
Francis Drake and Mercantilist Wars
The Apex and Erosion of the Mughal Empire
The Treaty of Westphalia as the Hinge of Modern History
The Influence of Silver on the Ming Dynasty
Political Reverberations of Ming Consolidation
18th China Resurgent as Qing Dynasty
18th Century Tea Trade, Leisure Time, and the Spread of Knowledge
Cook and Clive: Discoverers, Collectors and Conquerors of the Enlightenment
Strains on the Universality of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment, Empire, and Colonization: Burke vs. Hastings
Enlightenment or Empire
18th Century Land Grabbing
The Industrial Revolution and the Transition of Non-Renewable Energy
The Seven Years' War and Colonial Revolutions
Napoleon, Spain, the Colonies, and Imperial Crises
Human Rights and the Meaning of Membership within Societies
Napoleon, New Nations, and Total War
The Ottoman Empire's 19th Century Tanzimat Reform
The Early 19th Century Market Revolution
The Global Upheavals of the Mid-19th Century
The Train, the Rifle, and the Industrial Revolution
Transition in India: Last of the Mughals
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 and Its Ramifications
Darwin's Effect on 19th Century Ideas
Factors Which Led to the Solidifying of Nation States
1868 Japan: The Meiji Restoration
1871: Germany Becomes a Nation
North American Nation-Building
19th Century Changing Concepts of Labor
The Benefits of Comparative Advantage
Migration after the Age of Revolutions
Creating 19th Century Global Free Trade
The Expanding 19th Century Capitalist System
The Second Industrial Revolution
The Closing of the American Frontier
Africa's Second Imperial Wave
Early 20th Century American Imperialism
1894-1905: Japan's Imperial Wave in Asia
Rashid Rida and 19th Century Islamic Modernization
19th Century Pan-Islam and Zionism Movements
19th Century Global Export-Led Growth
Indian Wars and Mass Slaughter of Bison
The Suez Canal's Effect on the Malayan Tiger
1890-1914: Savage Wars of Peace
1900-1909: Russian and Turkish Dynasties
1899-1911 The End of the Qing Dynasty
The 1910 Mexican Revolution
The Panic of 1907
Turn-of-the-Century Civilization and its Discontents
20th Century Questioning of Reason
Late 19th Century Anxieties of Race
The First World War
The End of WWI and the Attempt at Global Peace
The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919
The Wilson-Lenin Moment
1919 Self-Determination Movements in India
Post-WWI European Peace and Global Colonial Upheaval
1929 Economic Collapse
Changes in Capitalism between the Wars