Lectures Watched
Since January 1, 2014
Hundreds of free, self-paced university courses available:
my recommendations here
Peruse my collection of 275
influential people of the past.
View My Class Notes via:
Receive My Class Notes via E-Mail:


Contact Me via E-Mail:
edward [at] tanguay.info
Notes on video lecture:
The Influence of Silver on the Ming Dynasty
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
laquerware, Mongol, settlement, libraries, silk, silver, dynamism, virtue, macrofauna, Japanese, Ming, Yangming, Asia, swamps, cultivated, Confucionism, elephants, mulberry, Whip, urbanization
Ming China (1368-1644)
China recovered from              conquests and Black Death in the 13th century with the creation of the Ming Dynasty
became a major importer of             
from mines in Japan
trade through Manila
from 1570s onward, through supplies in the New World, increasing demand for silver in China
silver coins from the New World, many minted in Mexico from Mexican silver
1500-1650: half of all European imports from          would be paid for in silver
China wanted silver because
it had instituted an important fiscal reform, an effective tax system
1581: The Single          Tax
land tax that would be payable in one denomination: silver
silver readily accessible from                  and North and South American mines
important for intensifying          state formation
silver brought about many changes
new kinds of commodities
Chinese upper classes took an affection for Japaneses                     
imports could be paid for by silver
imported live turkeys from Americas
cultural efflorescence
self improvement
moral vigor
self cultivation through education and study
China's imperial exams
Wang                  (1472-1529)
each moral              is naturally embedded within each person
but it has to be                     
had a strong individualist and egalitarian philosophy
very influential on Ming theorists
rejection of modernization
but no denying that there was an enormous amount of                  in the Chinese state
felt on the borders of China
China was an agrarian aristocracy
turned its attention to the outer frontiers
founder of the Ming dynasty argued that agriculture is the foundation of the nation
therefore open up new lands for                     
initial fixation was on the south
increasing opportunities for producing staples
lure farmers to activities in south
used as a base in southernization
where much silver entered into China
money flowed in,          flowed out
                 trees planted for silk production
at the expense of the native, tropical forests, natural              filled in with mulberry trees, rice paddies
used to drain swamps
natural ecological systems gave way to agricultural systems
this spelled doom for the non-human                      and other animals of the region
at least one species of                    in southern China went extinct
tigers nearly extinct
population increase:
1400: 4 million
1640: 12 million


galleon, n. a large, multi-decked sailing ship used primarily by European states from the 16th to 18th centuries  "With the opening of trade through Manila and the arrival of the Manila galleon from the New World, we begin to see the direct tie from the mines of the Andes and Mexico to Chinese demand."
lacquerware, n. objects decoratively covered with a clear or colored wood finish that dries by solvent evaporation or a curing process that produces a hard, durable finish, sometimes inlaid or carved  "With the increased use of silver and the growing economy, the Ming upper-class took an interest in new products such as lacquerware from Japan."


######################### (1472-1529)
A Chinese idealist Neo-Confucian philosopher, official, educationist, calligraphist and general during the Ming dynasty
  • believed each moral virtue is naturally embedded within each person, but they have to be cultivated
Columbus and the New World
1500-1700 Indian Ocean Trading system
Da Gama, Pepper and World History
Portuguese Indian Ocean Empire
16th Century Colonialism Fueling European Violence
Global Food: European Sugar, Caribbean Plantations, African Slaves
16th and 17th Century Merchant Trading Companies
17th Century Interdependence of Trade and Investment
Francis Drake and Mercantilist Wars
The Apex and Erosion of the Mughal Empire
The Treaty of Westphalia as the Hinge of Modern History
The Influence of Silver on the Ming Dynasty
Political Reverberations of Ming Consolidation
18th China Resurgent as Qing Dynasty
18th Century Tea Trade, Leisure Time, and the Spread of Knowledge
Cook and Clive: Discoverers, Collectors and Conquerors of the Enlightenment
Strains on the Universality of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment, Empire, and Colonization: Burke vs. Hastings
Enlightenment or Empire
18th Century Land Grabbing
The Industrial Revolution and the Transition of Non-Renewable Energy
The Seven Years' War and Colonial Revolutions
Napoleon, Spain, the Colonies, and Imperial Crises
Human Rights and the Meaning of Membership within Societies
Napoleon, New Nations, and Total War
The Ottoman Empire's 19th Century Tanzimat Reform
The Early 19th Century Market Revolution
The Global Upheavals of the Mid-19th Century
The Train, the Rifle, and the Industrial Revolution
Transition in India: Last of the Mughals
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 and Its Ramifications
Darwin's Effect on 19th Century Ideas
Factors Which Led to the Solidifying of Nation States
1868 Japan: The Meiji Restoration
1871: Germany Becomes a Nation
North American Nation-Building
19th Century Changing Concepts of Labor
The Benefits of Comparative Advantage
Migration after the Age of Revolutions
Creating 19th Century Global Free Trade
The Expanding 19th Century Capitalist System
The Second Industrial Revolution
The Closing of the American Frontier
Africa's Second Imperial Wave
Early 20th Century American Imperialism
1894-1905: Japan's Imperial Wave in Asia
Rashid Rida and 19th Century Islamic Modernization
19th Century Pan-Islam and Zionism Movements
19th Century Global Export-Led Growth
Indian Wars and Mass Slaughter of Bison
The Suez Canal's Effect on the Malayan Tiger
1890-1914: Savage Wars of Peace
1900-1909: Russian and Turkish Dynasties
1899-1911 The End of the Qing Dynasty
The 1910 Mexican Revolution
The Panic of 1907
Turn-of-the-Century Civilization and its Discontents
20th Century Questioning of Reason
Late 19th Century Anxieties of Race
The First World War
The End of WWI and the Attempt at Global Peace
The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919
The Wilson-Lenin Moment
1919 Self-Determination Movements in India
Post-WWI European Peace and Global Colonial Upheaval
1929 Economic Collapse
Changes in Capitalism between the Wars
1918-1945 Rethinking Economies