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Notes on video lecture:
Factors Which Led to the Solidifying of Nation States
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
political, Italian, first, secular, primordial, fundamental, transportation, education, nation, facility, communication, radio, identities, images, Encyclopédie, state, naturalists, homogenous, nationalism, Pasha, race
irony of the mid-19th century
while                        such as Darwin were emphasizing the commonness of human kind
societies were going about creating national                      which separated us from each other
claimed that there were some                        differences between members of different nations
these differences increasing took on the language of         
it's was difficult to separate out the language of race from the language of                       
new icons of                    authority
emerged as the great figure for 19th century              builders
for Muhammad Ali            in Egypt
for the Greeks
for the Mughal authority in India
for Bolivar in South America
we have to build a state, which can generation a nation
didn't believe necessary in these essential differences between races
argue that these identities are the constructions of state power, they don't construct            power
rather it is the ability of state powers to be deployed to create national identities
rejecting the notion that argues that national identities are rooted in differences between peoples
wanted to make societies out of populations that were mixed races, mixed religions, and mixed peoples
others believe that nations came           , then the state
German and                nationals would use language of race to justify entities such as Germany and Italy
national identities emerge and from these these identities we get new institutions and we call them sates
that national differences beleived to be rooted in some                      difference between peoples
looking to Napolean's assertive nation building
national building by state formation
national builders used scientific discoveries to explain differences between peoples
explained that nations therefore need to protect and husband these races in the name of the nation
challenge for nation building
a sense of common,                      communities to replace what was once called empires
moving from the multiple entities of empires to single identities
from local identities to national identities
national building needed three conditions
1. the power of the state
military power
public                    systems
propagate new concepts of civic ideas
birth of new national histories
create an image of a shared past
based on a collective experience
state education
the vote became a very important civic exercise on the part of members of these nation states to cast ballots proclaiming their                faith in these new models of national authority, to give legitimacy to these new regimes called nation states
2. the power of                           
disseminating visions of state authority and national power among the communities in the country
images were important throughout this century for creating national identity
newspapers, magazines, and           
instruments for creating identify
press revolution and the spread of the market place for the consumption of             
authors writing on these topics begin to make money by being writers
early examples were                                        and Wealth of Nations
create horizontal comradeship of fellow readers reading the national news to create and spread the idea of the nation
3. the power of                             
steam, canals, railroads function importantly as instruments to connect up parts of societies which were previously disarticulated from each other
one could move from town to town, village to village with much more                 
railroads integrated societies into national market places
these three factors integrated the spacial parts of something new, something called a nation


disarticulate, v. to separate, disjoint, divide, sunder the joints of, or disrupt the logic of  "Nineteenth century steam, canals, and railroads functioned importantly as instruments to connect up parts of societies which were previously disarticulated from each other."
Columbus and the New World
1500-1700 Indian Ocean Trading system
Da Gama, Pepper and World History
Portuguese Indian Ocean Empire
16th Century Colonialism Fueling European Violence
Global Food: European Sugar, Caribbean Plantations, African Slaves
16th and 17th Century Merchant Trading Companies
17th Century Interdependence of Trade and Investment
Francis Drake and Mercantilist Wars
The Apex and Erosion of the Mughal Empire
The Treaty of Westphalia as the Hinge of Modern History
The Influence of Silver on the Ming Dynasty
Political Reverberations of Ming Consolidation
18th China Resurgent as Qing Dynasty
18th Century Tea Trade, Leisure Time, and the Spread of Knowledge
Cook and Clive: Discoverers, Collectors and Conquerors of the Enlightenment
Strains on the Universality of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment, Empire, and Colonization: Burke vs. Hastings
Enlightenment or Empire
18th Century Land Grabbing
The Industrial Revolution and the Transition of Non-Renewable Energy
The Seven Years' War and Colonial Revolutions
Napoleon, Spain, the Colonies, and Imperial Crises
Human Rights and the Meaning of Membership within Societies
Napoleon, New Nations, and Total War
The Ottoman Empire's 19th Century Tanzimat Reform
The Early 19th Century Market Revolution
The Global Upheavals of the Mid-19th Century
The Train, the Rifle, and the Industrial Revolution
Transition in India: Last of the Mughals
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 and Its Ramifications
Darwin's Effect on 19th Century Ideas
Factors Which Led to the Solidifying of Nation States
1868 Japan: The Meiji Restoration
1871: Germany Becomes a Nation
North American Nation-Building
19th Century Changing Concepts of Labor
The Benefits of Comparative Advantage
Migration after the Age of Revolutions
Creating 19th Century Global Free Trade
The Expanding 19th Century Capitalist System
The Second Industrial Revolution
The Closing of the American Frontier
Africa's Second Imperial Wave
Early 20th Century American Imperialism
1894-1905: Japan's Imperial Wave in Asia
Rashid Rida and 19th Century Islamic Modernization
19th Century Pan-Islam and Zionism Movements
19th Century Global Export-Led Growth
Indian Wars and Mass Slaughter of Bison
The Suez Canal's Effect on the Malayan Tiger
1890-1914: Savage Wars of Peace
1900-1909: Russian and Turkish Dynasties
1899-1911 The End of the Qing Dynasty
The 1910 Mexican Revolution
The Panic of 1907
Turn-of-the-Century Civilization and its Discontents
20th Century Questioning of Reason
Late 19th Century Anxieties of Race
The First World War
The End of WWI and the Attempt at Global Peace
The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919
The Wilson-Lenin Moment
1919 Self-Determination Movements in India
Post-WWI European Peace and Global Colonial Upheaval
1929 Economic Collapse
Changes in Capitalism between the Wars
1918-1945 Rethinking Economies