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Notes on video lecture:
1868 Japan: The Meiji Restoration
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
Europe, empires, internal, 1912, changed, Napoleon, ineluctable, Dutch, isolation, Perry, gunboat, Korea, literacy, unified, Britain, Japan, localist, homogenous, Portugal, Tokugawa, 1895, fetters, absorbing, Meiji, reconstituted, Spanish, linguistic, relics, centralize, empires, humiliating, Ottoman, Black, national
development of state power is a condition for                  identities
the way nations were created often showed characteristics of the entities which nations wanted to overthrow, namely,               
so empires didn't slide off the historic stage but get                           
three categories of regimes after                 
1. some parts of the world still had empires which were in a steady but                        state of long disintegration
Austro-Hungarian Empire
Ottoman Empire
multi-cultural, multi-denominational, multi-religious, often multi-                    
had great trouble with states that could re-imagine themselves with the                      or claimed homogenous foundations of a nation
these older stages become weaker as nations become stronger
2. those in                  flux
unable to reconstitute themselves as older imperial             
unable to mold themselves to mold themselves along national lines
3. process of reconstituting themselves as nations
political systems wielding resources that could bring national formations into being
often                    features of empires in new ways
these emerging states reconstituting themselves as nation in fact begin to feed off the old, disintegrating               
to lay claim to a national grandeur
best example was               
a national empire
Britain could imagine itself of a nation state
with cousin members
South Africa
later re-branded itself as the Commonwealth (1949)
most countries were trying to do what the British was doing
another example: Japan
                 shogunate (1600–1868)
had lived for a long state of relative                   
the shogunate had kicked out foreigners, the            and the Portuguese
had begun the process of integrating a                state of feudal lordship
sovereign emperor
was hard to keep these foreigners out
especially with the arrival of steam
1853: Admiral Matthew           
Perry was assigned a mission by President Millard Fillmore to force the opening of Japanese ports to American trade, through the use of                diplomacy if necessary
steamships known as The            Ships
the military elites of Japan very quickly understood that the game had               
the samurai realized that they had to meet this new challenge
there was a technological gap
highly motivated, they played a game of catch up
tried to get rid of the                of progress
tried to strengthen the military capability
often in fact borrowing models of modernization from              and other places
1868:            Restorers
overthrow of the old Tokugawa regime
consolidated the political system under the Emperor of Japan
introduced the Meiji period which spanned from 1868 to          and was responsible for the emergence of Japan as a modernized nation in the early twentieth century
the idea was that Meiji would restore the splendor and grandeur of           
asserting the Emperor of the controlling force
a national regime
get rid of the old,                  systems
national business elites supported by the states
economic and social ballast for the new centralizing, powerful integrating regime
were able to show off this grandeur in a series of conflicts
took on some emperial features
took advantage of older regimes
1894-        :
extruded outwards against China and Korea
                       to the Chinese
annexed many of the mainland
enabled the Japanese to portray itself as a larger, integrated nation
created schools


ineluctable, adj. unable to be resisted or avoided, inescapable  "Some parts of the world still had empires which were in a steady but ineluctable state of long disintegration."

Spelling Corrections:

Columbus and the New World
1500-1700 Indian Ocean Trading system
Da Gama, Pepper and World History
Portuguese Indian Ocean Empire
16th Century Colonialism Fueling European Violence
Global Food: European Sugar, Caribbean Plantations, African Slaves
16th and 17th Century Merchant Trading Companies
17th Century Interdependence of Trade and Investment
Francis Drake and Mercantilist Wars
The Apex and Erosion of the Mughal Empire
The Treaty of Westphalia as the Hinge of Modern History
The Influence of Silver on the Ming Dynasty
Political Reverberations of Ming Consolidation
18th China Resurgent as Qing Dynasty
18th Century Tea Trade, Leisure Time, and the Spread of Knowledge
Cook and Clive: Discoverers, Collectors and Conquerors of the Enlightenment
Strains on the Universality of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment, Empire, and Colonization: Burke vs. Hastings
Enlightenment or Empire
18th Century Land Grabbing
The Industrial Revolution and the Transition of Non-Renewable Energy
The Seven Years' War and Colonial Revolutions
Napoleon, Spain, the Colonies, and Imperial Crises
Human Rights and the Meaning of Membership within Societies
Napoleon, New Nations, and Total War
The Ottoman Empire's 19th Century Tanzimat Reform
The Early 19th Century Market Revolution
The Global Upheavals of the Mid-19th Century
The Train, the Rifle, and the Industrial Revolution
Transition in India: Last of the Mughals
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 and Its Ramifications
Darwin's Effect on 19th Century Ideas
Factors Which Led to the Solidifying of Nation States
1868 Japan: The Meiji Restoration
1871: Germany Becomes a Nation
North American Nation-Building
19th Century Changing Concepts of Labor
The Benefits of Comparative Advantage
Migration after the Age of Revolutions
Creating 19th Century Global Free Trade
The Expanding 19th Century Capitalist System
The Second Industrial Revolution
The Closing of the American Frontier
Africa's Second Imperial Wave
Early 20th Century American Imperialism
1894-1905: Japan's Imperial Wave in Asia
Rashid Rida and 19th Century Islamic Modernization
19th Century Pan-Islam and Zionism Movements
19th Century Global Export-Led Growth
Indian Wars and Mass Slaughter of Bison
The Suez Canal's Effect on the Malayan Tiger
1890-1914: Savage Wars of Peace
1900-1909: Russian and Turkish Dynasties
1899-1911 The End of the Qing Dynasty
The 1910 Mexican Revolution
The Panic of 1907
Turn-of-the-Century Civilization and its Discontents
20th Century Questioning of Reason
Late 19th Century Anxieties of Race
The First World War
The End of WWI and the Attempt at Global Peace
The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919
The Wilson-Lenin Moment
1919 Self-Determination Movements in India
Post-WWI European Peace and Global Colonial Upheaval
1929 Economic Collapse
Changes in Capitalism between the Wars
1918-1945 Rethinking Economies