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Notes on video lecture:
The Industrial Revolution and the Transition of Non-Renewable Energy
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
equivalent, environment, 1770s, windmill, medals, inexpensive, globalization, textiles, non, wastelands, colonies, plants, arable, balance, Egypt, productivity, energy, agriculture, exported, windfall, local, eating, animals, single, speeds
Adam Smith called those worlds that Europe was occupying "                    "
their potential was latent
to turn them into productive assets it would take:
the transformation of wastelands into fertile,              lands
a kind of ecological                 
in the same way silver had been a windfall in an earlier cycle of European expansion
created radically new opportunities to
improve diet
shape everyday life in Europe
the backdrop to the industrial revolution
industrial revolution
was neither particularly industrial or revolutionary except at the end of the process
had much to do with                       
was nothing that happened in a given year as the word revolution often refers to in the 19th and 20th centuries
not just in manufacturing
taking place in all sectors of the European and neo-European economies
energy harvesting
in a sense began with the                  around the year 1200
culminated with James Watt's steam engine in the           
energy from wind to coal
the cumulative switch from the humble windmill
the switch from renewable to       -renewable energy sources was a powerful one
a movement away from the reliance of plants and                for an energy source
ultimately animals relied on plants for an energy source to keep themselves going
mining stores of energy in minerals
two breakthroughs
previously all outputs are drawn from the system that require                      inputs
horses require energy that they consume by              in the field
there was a fundamental limitation to the amount of energy you could get from the                       
you had to put              back into the ground for the horses to eat to get energy again
the inorganic world would free humans from the necessity of this basic               
taking coal from the ground was a way of breaking the natural balance that had to be observed
improvements in production methods in this new inorganic world
             could be controlled once you harnessed energy
variables were easier to manipulate
result was a massive upturn in productivity growth rates
clearest in the production of cotton                 
1770-1790 output increased ten-fold while the price decreased by 90%
one of the hallmarks of this age is that machines could be produced which could augment the productivity of a              man, in a factory
combine this new use of energy with this new technology intensifying the internal division of labor
the industrial revolution could be called a "                         revolution"
coal and eventually oil had to be gotten from far away
you now have a whole sector of the economy devoted to finding             
the basic goods that went into producing new products often came from the                 , e.g. cotton from the American South, Brazil or           
out of Europe would emerge, as a result of this revolution,                        cotton goods
these could be                 
Europe used to rely on exporting precious              to Asia in return for prized commodities, but now they could export inexpensively produced products
had to find markets to sell cotton textiles
began to compete with            producers of textiles
an early example of                           
countries and regions in Europe began to specialize in the product of manufactured goods, and the colonies specialized in basic goods

Ideas and Concepts:

The broader impact of the industrial revolution, via tonight's History since 1300 class:

"The industrial revolution was in many ways not particularly industrial, except perhaps at the end of the process, and it was nothing that happened in a given year as did other revolutions of the 19th and 20th centuries. In a sense, it began with the windmill around the year 1200 and culminated with James Watt's steam engine in the 1770s, a transformation that replaced renewable energy with non-renewable energy.

Previously all outputs that were drawn from the natural system required equivalent inputs. Horses required energy to produce work, and that energy had to be restored back into the ground in the form of plants, and so there was a fundamental limitation to the amount of energy you could get from the environment. This was fundamentally changed by the steam engine which allowed the inorganic world to free humans from the necessity of this basic balance.

So understanding James Watt's steam engine as the beginning of the industrial revolution, while not false, misses the more profound impact that the steam engine had on commencing what for humans and the world one might call the non-renewable transformation."
Columbus and the New World
1500-1700 Indian Ocean Trading system
Da Gama, Pepper and World History
Portuguese Indian Ocean Empire
16th Century Colonialism Fueling European Violence
Global Food: European Sugar, Caribbean Plantations, African Slaves
16th and 17th Century Merchant Trading Companies
17th Century Interdependence of Trade and Investment
Francis Drake and Mercantilist Wars
The Apex and Erosion of the Mughal Empire
The Treaty of Westphalia as the Hinge of Modern History
The Influence of Silver on the Ming Dynasty
Political Reverberations of Ming Consolidation
18th China Resurgent as Qing Dynasty
18th Century Tea Trade, Leisure Time, and the Spread of Knowledge
Cook and Clive: Discoverers, Collectors and Conquerors of the Enlightenment
Strains on the Universality of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment, Empire, and Colonization: Burke vs. Hastings
Enlightenment or Empire
18th Century Land Grabbing
The Industrial Revolution and the Transition of Non-Renewable Energy
The Seven Years' War and Colonial Revolutions
Napoleon, Spain, the Colonies, and Imperial Crises
Human Rights and the Meaning of Membership within Societies
Napoleon, New Nations, and Total War
The Ottoman Empire's 19th Century Tanzimat Reform
The Early 19th Century Market Revolution
The Global Upheavals of the Mid-19th Century
The Train, the Rifle, and the Industrial Revolution
Transition in India: Last of the Mughals
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 and Its Ramifications
Darwin's Effect on 19th Century Ideas
Factors Which Led to the Solidifying of Nation States
1868 Japan: The Meiji Restoration
1871: Germany Becomes a Nation
North American Nation-Building
19th Century Changing Concepts of Labor
The Benefits of Comparative Advantage
Migration after the Age of Revolutions
Creating 19th Century Global Free Trade
The Expanding 19th Century Capitalist System
The Second Industrial Revolution
The Closing of the American Frontier
Africa's Second Imperial Wave
Early 20th Century American Imperialism
1894-1905: Japan's Imperial Wave in Asia
Rashid Rida and 19th Century Islamic Modernization
19th Century Pan-Islam and Zionism Movements
19th Century Global Export-Led Growth
Indian Wars and Mass Slaughter of Bison
The Suez Canal's Effect on the Malayan Tiger
1890-1914: Savage Wars of Peace
1900-1909: Russian and Turkish Dynasties
1899-1911 The End of the Qing Dynasty
The 1910 Mexican Revolution
The Panic of 1907
Turn-of-the-Century Civilization and its Discontents
20th Century Questioning of Reason
Late 19th Century Anxieties of Race
The First World War
The End of WWI and the Attempt at Global Peace
The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919
The Wilson-Lenin Moment
1919 Self-Determination Movements in India
Post-WWI European Peace and Global Colonial Upheaval
1929 Economic Collapse
Changes in Capitalism between the Wars
1918-1945 Rethinking Economies