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Notes on video lecture:
Portuguese Indian Ocean Empire
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
Ottoman, Macao, plants, artillery, colony, Malacca, predation, humiliated, cartaz, executed, 1502, rampage, welcome, sailors, bombarded, Pires, arrested, Portuguese, Islam, Mecca, Aztec, Aden
Europe set for more sea trips to the Indian Ocean
the news of da Gama's discovery of the Indian Oceans turned into a               
da Gama,                      by his experience in Calicut, was determined to return
        : second trip to Calicut
went through every ship in the harbor
cut off the hands, noses and ears of               
burned ships with sailors aboard
burned a ship on its way to           
intent was to show King Zamorin that he was resolved
Pedro Cabral
returned to Calicut two years after de Gama,                    port for two days
targeted entrepôt ports
1510 seized Goa
1511 seized               
1513 could not seize          (Yemen)
1515 seized Hormuz
couldn't take them all
had to fight                fleets which were also in the area
on the whole, the pattern of aggression and war-making worked, relying on the combination of surprise and power of European military technology, that the                    was on they ships changed the rules of the game
Portuguese created new hubs in Asia
occupied territorial Brazil and taking the choke points from Asia to Indonesia to the Red Sea
were changing the balance of the world
one of the two Special Administrative Regions of the People's Republic of China, the other being Hong Kong
administered by Portugal from the mid-16th century until late 1999, when it was the last remaining European              in Asia.
new system called "Estado da Índia"
based in Goa
merchants were given a passport called a              in return for protection, in other words, state-sponsored piracy
reached a limit, there is only so much predation can do in the long run
same time as Cortés was marching toward            capital, the Portuguese were dreaming of their own empire in Indonesia and China
drugs and spices were part of the imagination and fantasy world of these explorers and discoverers
Tomé            (1465-1540)
Portuguese apothecary
fascinated with drugs, plants and spices
was sent to India Ocean to see what he could find out about the              there
set up in Malacca
witnessed plundering and ravaging by                     
fascinated by plant trade: bananas, hibiscus, bamboo, nutmeg, pepper
was sent to China to do for the Portuguese what Cortés had been doing for the Spanish in Mexico
1517 arrived in China and face different fate
Chinese Emperor was not like King Zamorin of Calicut
expected Chinese to                Europeans as potential allies against           , that old foe that was currently occupying Jerusalem
didn't understand the transcripts of diplomacy
was not greeted as he hoped, force to wait
this was part of the protocol, as well as declaring your subordination as a premise for becoming an imperial guest
news had arrived in the imperial city of the plundering and predation by Portuguese in the outskirts of the Indian Ocean system
emperor tore up letters from Pires
Pires and entourage was                 
Portugese traders on coasts of China were killed, vessels sunk
as Cortés was taking down Tenochtitlan, Pires was sentenced of piracy and espionage, members of his entourage were                 , body parts were displayed around Guangzhou where they had set off the volley of cannon fire to impress the emperor and their bodies rolled ceremoniously across the hills of the cities dung hill heaps.
Pires was never seen again
what this tells us is the consequences of the patterns of Portuguese penetration, the limits of their                   , and of China's learning to defend themselves against the new European interlopers
Columbus and the New World
1500-1700 Indian Ocean Trading system
Da Gama, Pepper and World History
Portuguese Indian Ocean Empire
16th Century Colonialism Fueling European Violence
Global Food: European Sugar, Caribbean Plantations, African Slaves
16th and 17th Century Merchant Trading Companies
17th Century Interdependence of Trade and Investment
Francis Drake and Mercantilist Wars
The Apex and Erosion of the Mughal Empire
The Treaty of Westphalia as the Hinge of Modern History
The Influence of Silver on the Ming Dynasty
Political Reverberations of Ming Consolidation
18th China Resurgent as Qing Dynasty
18th Century Tea Trade, Leisure Time, and the Spread of Knowledge
Cook and Clive: Discoverers, Collectors and Conquerors of the Enlightenment
Strains on the Universality of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment, Empire, and Colonization: Burke vs. Hastings
Enlightenment or Empire
18th Century Land Grabbing
The Industrial Revolution and the Transition of Non-Renewable Energy
The Seven Years' War and Colonial Revolutions
Napoleon, Spain, the Colonies, and Imperial Crises
Human Rights and the Meaning of Membership within Societies
Napoleon, New Nations, and Total War
The Ottoman Empire's 19th Century Tanzimat Reform
The Early 19th Century Market Revolution
The Global Upheavals of the Mid-19th Century
The Train, the Rifle, and the Industrial Revolution
Transition in India: Last of the Mughals
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 and Its Ramifications
Darwin's Effect on 19th Century Ideas
Factors Which Led to the Solidifying of Nation States
1868 Japan: The Meiji Restoration
1871: Germany Becomes a Nation
North American Nation-Building
19th Century Changing Concepts of Labor
The Benefits of Comparative Advantage
Migration after the Age of Revolutions
Creating 19th Century Global Free Trade
The Expanding 19th Century Capitalist System
The Second Industrial Revolution
The Closing of the American Frontier
Africa's Second Imperial Wave
Early 20th Century American Imperialism
1894-1905: Japan's Imperial Wave in Asia
Rashid Rida and 19th Century Islamic Modernization
19th Century Pan-Islam and Zionism Movements
19th Century Global Export-Led Growth
Indian Wars and Mass Slaughter of Bison
The Suez Canal's Effect on the Malayan Tiger
1890-1914: Savage Wars of Peace
1900-1909: Russian and Turkish Dynasties
1899-1911 The End of the Qing Dynasty
The 1910 Mexican Revolution
The Panic of 1907
Turn-of-the-Century Civilization and its Discontents
20th Century Questioning of Reason
Late 19th Century Anxieties of Race
The First World War
The End of WWI and the Attempt at Global Peace
The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919
The Wilson-Lenin Moment
1919 Self-Determination Movements in India
Post-WWI European Peace and Global Colonial Upheaval
1929 Economic Collapse
Changes in Capitalism between the Wars
1918-1945 Rethinking Economies