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Notes on video lecture:
WWI Pushes Warring Countries Toward Total States
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
confiscated, small, free, Kaiser, popular, liberal, devastating, modernizers, factories, industrial, logistics, explosions, peculiar, creditor
World War I was not just a war but an event in history that changed the ideas of how to organize these modern,                      societies, and during the war, this took the form of moving the warring countries, some more than others, toward total states
the war was absolutely                       , more than any other war people could remember, on a scale no one had ever experienced
the idea of 100,000 and millions of chemical                      going off is giving a different feel for warfare
one of the horrors of some of the soldiers is that they would be caught in a shell hole full of water, they couldn't crawl out of it because the sides would be too slippery, and they would find themselves drowning in the water polluted by their dead comrades
painting: Gassed, by John Singer Sargeant
total states
states were looking to turn whole governments into large                    of war in which they could control all necessary materials, production and                   
money
gold standard is given up by most countries, but not the United States, in fact, as a result of World War 1 the United States, which had been a net debtor country, had become a net                  by 1919
coming off the gold standard created hyperinflation such as in Germany
resources
take increasing control of farms, wheat, bread, cotton, during war time, the control needed would not be possible on the free market
factories
take over factories that make cans and convert the to creating shells
manpower
don't have enough people to fill out all the armies and factories, they can't rely on the          market to find people who want to create e.g. ammunition for a low enough price
WWI because a laboratory for the creation of total states
changes                culture
England
war posters: Are you in this? Everyone had their role to play
Germany
war-time poster: all extra metals you have you have to give to the government
everyone becomes servants of the state
before the war, socialist groups had shared links to other socialist groups in other countries, the war shattered much of this
national tradition
people holding out for older traditions are going to be beaten by this war
this is a war in which                        will come out on top
large land owners are finding that their estates are being                        or deployed for the war effort
liberalism
one liberal ideal from the 19th century was to keep the government           , this is something that the war changed in bloating governments in order to run the war efforts
               parties do not fair well in this war
Russia
ruled by a party that stood for national tradition, that monarchy could not survive the war
Britain
ruled by the liberal party, by 1917 a faction of the liberal party ready for total war led by Lloyd George will rule in combination with the national conservatives also devoted to a big government effort to win the war
Germany
a                  empire with its noble lead at the top, its divided ruling structures, its divided politics, is giving way to a total state in which the              is more and more relinquishing rule to the military to unify the country for total war
United States
city and state governments were growing but the federal government had remained quite small throughout the 19th century, but during WWI, the federal government had to take on new authorities, over farm production, farm prices, and conscripting man power
correct:
amunition
ammunition
1914: Schizophrenic Germany
1914: The Balkan Whirlpool
1914: From Balkan Crisis to War
1914-1916: All War Plans Fail Horribly
The 1916 Missed Opportunity for Peace
WWI Pushes Warring Countries Toward Total States
Why the Allies Won World War One
Post-WWI: Filling the Void of Collapsed Empires
Post-WWI Communism vs. Anti-Communism
Post World War I: The Age of Uncertainty
1910s/1920s: Modern Women
The World of 1930
The 1930s World Crisis
1930s: The Decade of Contingency
America's Entry into World War II
WWII: Strategies for Total War
1945: Hour Zero
Post WWII: Imagining New Countries
Conflicts in Postwar Nation Building
The Two Europes That Emerged After WWII
1947 China: Undesirable Communists vs. Flawed Nationalists
Post WWII: The Age of America
Reasons for the Korean War
How WWIII was Avoided in the Korean War
1950-1952: The Cold War Comes to Main Street
1950-1954: The H-Bomb and the Nuclear Revolution
1950s: Loosening Empires and Building Confederations
The Emergence of the Third World
1958-1962: The World at the Brink
Third World Proxy Wars of the 1950s and 1960s
Managerial States and the Transnational Disruption of 1968
1970s Obstacles to Reducing Cold War Tensions
1970s Democratic Socialism Becomes a Non-Choice
1980s Political Polarization
1980s: Global Capitalism Transformed