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Notes on video lecture:
Post-WWI: Filling the Void of Collapsed Empires
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
great, compulsory, Muslim, score, plan, Greece, Sèvres, Qing, industrial, exhausted, Hungarian, armed, Polish, Russian, Atatürk, German, Danzig, Romania, Alsace, east, Independence, Armenians, wars, Hughes, Korea, France, Austrian, Ottoman, Lenin
Woodrow Wilson had talked about a peace without victory
popular vision for a world                    by war
but if you were e.g.              where the Germans had largely destroyed your country, you may not be for this vision
problems that peace makers faced
five empires collapsed between 1912 and 1922
         Empire
The Qing dynasty that had ruled China since 1644 was over
China was turning into a place of anarchy and warlords
             Empire
Hohenzollern dynasty that had ruled Prussia for centuries was over
Kaiser goes into exile in Holland
                 Empire
Hapsburg dynasty that had ruled central Europe for centuries was over
               Empire
had ruled much Southeast Asia and parts of Europe for centuries
last Sultan abdicates at end of the war
               Empire
Romonov dynasty that had ruled Russia for centuries was over
if five empires have disappeared, what takes their place and how does this affect the peace process
who is in charge?
by what principles are the people going to be ruled?
much            settling going on
there are treaties to decide the fate of Germany and Austria, etc., many people see these treaties as failures
war ended suddenly so there was not much time to          the treaties
how much to break up Germany
Poland reinstated and given an outlet to the see and the city of              being administered by the League of Nations
German gives up              and Lorraine provinces which it had taken from France in Franco-Prussian war of 1871
the                      area of Germany placed under strict limits to prevent it from building up military agains
Austro-Hungarian Empire
divided up into a new set of component state
              , which came out on the Allied side, is particularly enlarged, and included many Austrians
Yugoslavia: a mixture of "south slavs"
national principle
how far to you take a national principle, should every state be ethnically pure or how pure does it need to be or what laws need to be in place to prevent tensions within in
Treaty of                           
Peace treaty of 1920 which partitioned the Ottoman Empire, giving              part of the mainland of Turkey, annulled in the course of the Turkish War of Independence and the parties signed and ratified the superseding Treaty of Lausanne in 1923.
League of Nations
goals
preventing          through collective security and disarmament
settling international disputes through negotiation and arbitration
lacked            forces
largely failed as it did not prevent WWII
replaced by UN after WWII
in effect said to the French: you look after Syria until they are ready to run their country themselves
China
1921-1922
three treaties
political relationships of            powers
arms control treaty which regulates the size of the great powers
Charles Evans              (1862-1948)
was the Republican candidate in the 1916 U.S. Presidential election, losing narrowly to Woodrow Wilson
later chief justice of Supreme Court
future of China
1922: all powers respect the territory of China
Japan had            as colony
Japanese withdrew from mainland China
after-war skirmishes
            –Soviet War (1919-1921)
Poland's Chief of State, Józef Pilsudski, felt the time was right to expand Polish borders as far          as feasible
          , meanwhile, saw Poland as the bridge the Red Army had to cross to assist other communist movements and bring about other European revolutions
By 1919, Polish forces had taken control of much of Western Ukraine
                   communist revolution, and counter revolution to destroy it
revolutions in Germany
disorder throughout Eastern Europe
Mustafa Kemal                          (1881-1938)
Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, led the Turkish national movement in the Turkish War of                          (1919-1922)
sought to transform the former Ottoman Empire into a modern, secular, and democratic nation-state
thousands of new schools were built, primary education was made free and                     , while the burden of taxation on peasants was reduced
despite his radical secular reforms, Atatürk remained broadly popular in the              world
remembered for being the creator of a new, fully independent Muslim country at a time of encroachment by Christian powers, and for having prevailed in a struggle against Western imperialism
Atatürk became a model of how a country can fight back against imperial powers, modernize itself, and at the same time have its own issues including ethnic cleansing against the Greeks and                   
1914: Schizophrenic Germany
1914: The Balkan Whirlpool
1914: From Balkan Crisis to War
1914-1916: All War Plans Fail Horribly
The 1916 Missed Opportunity for Peace
WWI Pushes Warring Countries Toward Total States
Why the Allies Won World War One
Post-WWI: Filling the Void of Collapsed Empires
Post-WWI Communism vs. Anti-Communism
Post World War I: The Age of Uncertainty
1910s/1920s: Modern Women
The World of 1930
The 1930s World Crisis
1930s: The Decade of Contingency
America's Entry into World War II
WWII: Strategies for Total War
1945: Hour Zero
Post WWII: Imagining New Countries
Conflicts in Postwar Nation Building
The Two Europes That Emerged After WWII
1947 China: Undesirable Communists vs. Flawed Nationalists
Post WWII: The Age of America
Reasons for the Korean War
How WWIII was Avoided in the Korean War
1950-1952: The Cold War Comes to Main Street
1950-1954: The H-Bomb and the Nuclear Revolution
1950s: Loosening Empires and Building Confederations
The Emergence of the Third World
1958-1962: The World at the Brink
Third World Proxy Wars of the 1950s and 1960s
Managerial States and the Transnational Disruption of 1968
1970s Obstacles to Reducing Cold War Tensions
1970s Democratic Socialism Becomes a Non-Choice
1980s Political Polarization
1980s: Global Capitalism Transformed