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Notes on video lecture:
1914: From Balkan Crisis to War
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
harsh, war, Moltke, Vienna, general, Balkan, Bohemia, Sarajevo, British, public, Ireland, Italy, drive, Russian, privy, Adams, Slav, 1908, 1878, France, Adriatic, irony, reckoning, Serbian, leadership
it starts with an assassination in                 
capital of Bosnia
Serbia, to the east, believes it should expand to include much if not all of Bosnia as well as other areas in the Balkans
Serbians are supported by their          kindred in the Russian Empire
Bosnians (         administrated by and          annexed by Austro-Hungarian Empire) are also backed by the Germans
           was particularly hungry to gain territories extending to the other side of the                  Sea
there was an agreement that if the Austro-Hungarians get into a conflict in the Balkans again, the Germans would back them 100%
none of this was known to the general             
Franz Ferdinand (1863-1914)
Austro-Hungarian and Royal Prince of Hungary and of               
heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne
June 1914, Prinz Ferdinand planned to pay a state visit to Sarajevo
Bosnia Serb terrorists who were working with the chief of Serbia's intelligence service, planned to kill him
they killed the Archduke and his wife in their touring car
the terrorists hoped that this would start a        in which Serbia could gain territories
this was an act which we would today call "state sponsored terrorism"
response from Austria
wrote an extremely            ultimatum to the Serbian government
they made that move knowing that it might lead to a war with Russian
they did this because the Germans had given them a blank check to back them up in the event of a war
               Empire made its move
Russia's decision to take assassination of Prinz Ferdinand and the Balkan dispute in which the Austro-Hungarian Empire had some right on its side and threaten to escalate it into a                war was itself a very grave step which is hard for us to explain today.
Germany makes it clear that if Russia goes to war with Austria, that is a war with Germany, and Germany is aware that the alliance between Russia and              will be activated
What seemed to be a local conflict, another              war, was about to escalate into a general war in all of Europe in which the main German military moves was not be to defend Austria, was not even be an attack on Russia or a defense against Russia, the            of this domino effect of military alliances was that the main German response to a Balkan crisis was to attack France.
there was clearly a sense evident in the German leadership that the next war would be some kind of broader                   
the head of the German army, von
Helmuth von              the Younger (1848-1916)
his role in the development of German war plans and the instigation of the First World War is extremely controversial
gave a talk a few months after the war began, "Germany is the only nation which can at present take over the                      of mankind toward higher goals, the war will lead to new development in history and its result will determine in which direction the whole world will move for the next centuries"
Moltke sees that the ideals of Germany will            and win this war
why was the world a shock to most people?
who was not shocked?
the                intelligence chief and the Bosnian-Serb terrorists were not shocked, and a hand full of people in high command of a few governments
It's worth emphasizing that the choices that plunged the world into war in 1914 were made by fewer than a dozen people in Berlin,             , St. Petersburg, and Paris, those who were            to the critical deliberations and key military assessments about the way the Balkan crises were intensifying.
Only a few people at top understood the sense of being at a crossroads. They were looking at war as a possible clarifying, unifying moment that will rally people behind them as the symbols of the nation at arms.
In previous crises in the Balkans, the                had played a critical mediating role, a kind of governor, but in the summer of 1914, the British government was preoccupied with               .
Some were worried about going war.
Henry           , 1905: "Forces are being unleashed that are overwhelming to the humans who have created them. The technologies were much more advanced than the thinking of the rulers wielding them."
How did the people react when war broken out?
As if years of tension had lifted and it was now clear which side everyone was on.
1914: Schizophrenic Germany
1914: The Balkan Whirlpool
1914: From Balkan Crisis to War
1914-1916: All War Plans Fail Horribly
The 1916 Missed Opportunity for Peace
WWI Pushes Warring Countries Toward Total States
Why the Allies Won World War One
Post-WWI: Filling the Void of Collapsed Empires
Post-WWI Communism vs. Anti-Communism
Post World War I: The Age of Uncertainty
1910s/1920s: Modern Women
The World of 1930
The 1930s World Crisis
1930s: The Decade of Contingency
America's Entry into World War II
WWII: Strategies for Total War
1945: Hour Zero
Post WWII: Imagining New Countries
Conflicts in Postwar Nation Building
The Two Europes That Emerged After WWII
1947 China: Undesirable Communists vs. Flawed Nationalists
Post WWII: The Age of America
Reasons for the Korean War
How WWIII was Avoided in the Korean War
1950-1952: The Cold War Comes to Main Street
1950-1954: The H-Bomb and the Nuclear Revolution
1950s: Loosening Empires and Building Confederations
The Emergence of the Third World
1958-1962: The World at the Brink
Third World Proxy Wars of the 1950s and 1960s
Managerial States and the Transnational Disruption of 1968
1970s Obstacles to Reducing Cold War Tensions
1970s Democratic Socialism Becomes a Non-Choice
1980s Political Polarization
1980s: Global Capitalism Transformed