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Notes on video lecture:
Conflicts in Postwar Nation Building
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
fearful, Molotov, WWII, Indian, 1954, Marshall, Stalin, Eritrea, center, communists, starvation, zero, southern, Portuguese, Poland, Ukraine, turbulent, Cold, occupation, hopeless, Nationalists, Baltic, French, dilemmas, British, Philippines, Indochina, Moscow, intensified, unresponsive, divided, vacuum, resettlements, void, Iran, Qun, Tibet, northern, Soviets, troops, dynamic, Nanjing, Hukbalahap, Minh, violent, Dutch, Pakistan, negative, leave, disintegrating, Hyderabad, Jordan, ambivalent, oil, communist
conflicts in postwar nation building
divided up into military zones of                     
no separate East and West Germany yet, just different zones occupied by different armies
Soviet Union
moved west annexing West                (former East Poland), West Belorussia (former East Poland), Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, liquidating the              Republics which had been created after World War I
             was moved west
Germans in new Poland are uprooted and flee westward
Soviet              playing a key role in all of these places
capital of Nationalist China had been at               
but had to move their capital during the war to the              of China
Japanese move out of large areas of Eastern China as prisoners, leaving a          for the Chinese to fill
many colonies remained
French Algeria
French West Africa
French Equatorial Africa
Belgian Congo
South America
countries mainly stayed out of         
Southeast Asia
a very                postwar area of the world
is in turmoil as civil war is reigniting in China
Japanese had
pushed the              out of Indochina
pushed the                out of Burma and out of the Malay States and the capital, Singapore
pushed the            out of the East Indies and occupied the Philippines
when Japanese leave as prisoners, a vacuum is created
the French are trying to reclaim their position in French                    (Vietnam)
Americans are                     
French soon locked into warfare against a Viet          resistance ("League for the Independence of Vietnam") which is increasingly receiving                    support
British trying to reclaim their position there
Malay States
1946 Americans grant independence to the                       , but this republic faces resistance in the                      Rebellion (The Huks) which started in 1942 against the Japanese, is intrigued by the Communist example, but was ended in         
British were deeply                about what to do about India
the war had                        all of that
Britain promised India that if they fought on their side in the war, Britain would give them self-government when the war was over
the question was: what should an              state look like?
how to reconcile between princely rulers and democratic rulers
in 1947 the British threw up their hands and quit
               partition of the country
heavy Muslim areas of India created themselves as a new state called                 
exchanges in populations
millions of lives lost
                           on both sides of the lines
princely state of                    (center of India) retained some autonomy but annexed by India in 1948
disagreements on border with China and what should happen to           
The Near East
                   post-war period
direct mandatory rule in Palestine and Trans-            
British alliance and protectorate with local rulers in Iraq and Egypt
British military occupation in former Italian colonies of Libya,               , and Somalia
1945-1946 focal point:         
war of nerves
Russians had occupied the                  part of the country
British and Americans had occupied the                  part of the country
during the war, the Allies were                that a government allied with the Nazis would take control in Iran and cut off their supply to its       
when the war was over, the military forces of all side had promised to leave
Americans and British were moving out but British retained extremely valuable concession to get oil out of Southern Iran
the Russians were slow to           , creating spheres of influence and groups of allied supporters
1946: Russians finally agreed to leave but this skirmish contributed to the rising tensions of East and West which led to the          War
origins of the Cold War
actually an older struggle that was going on before WWII
but useful to boil it down to                  of people trying to solve real and concrete problems such as "what are we going to do in Iran?"
no one worked harder to solve problems like these than George                 
had the most prestige
given the most difficult tasks
met with Zhang        (Nationalists) and Zhou Enlai (Communists)
Americans had a sympathy with the Chinese Nationalists
trying to help the Nationalists relocate and fill              left by departing Japanese occupiers
               were divided in helping their Communist friends since the Soviet Union wanted to get a hold in Manchuria as well
Marshall wanted to see if the two sides would share power somehow, but concludes that it won't work, blames both sides for seeing it as a         -sum game
comes away with a                  image of the Nationalists
both Soviets and Americans thought that                          would control the game
moving towards the edge of                     
British and French are themselves broke and having trouble feeding their own people
but who is going to benefit from chaos? the                     
Marshall in             
talked with Bevin, British Foreign Minister
British have concluded Marshall's plan to get an agreed effort between the Soviets and the Western powers is a                  adventure
Marshall talks to Vyacheslav               , foreign minister
Moscow negotiations fail
Marshall had plan on table to disarm Germany for 25 years with multi-national police forces
America would pay reparations to the Soviets
Allies don't think Marshall's ideas of cooperation will work and the Soviets are                         
Marshall leaves Moscow in failure
             is content with folding his arms, watch Germany collapse into starving chaos and reap the benefits from that disorder
Marshall feels he has to do something else
1947: Marshall gives an address to the American people: the patient is dying while the doctors are deliberating, and he needs to find a way for American to grab the strategic initiative in a world that seems to be                             


######################### (1898-1976)
First Premier of the People's Republic of China, serving from October 1949 until his death in January 1976
  • served under Mao Zedong
  • consolidated the control of the Communist Party
  • formed foreign policy
  • developed the Chinese economy
  • met with George Marshall as the Communist representative in 1946
######################### (1890-1986)
A Soviet politician, diplomat, and Old Bolshevik, leading figure in the Soviet government from the 1920s into the 1950s
  • rose to power as a protégé of Joseph Stalin
  • dismissed from the Presidium of the Central Committee by Nikita Khrushchev
  • was the principal Soviet signatory of the Nazi-Soviet non-aggression pact of 1939

Spelling Corrections:



which country owned Angola as a colony?
1914: Schizophrenic Germany
1914: The Balkan Whirlpool
1914: From Balkan Crisis to War
1914-1916: All War Plans Fail Horribly
The 1916 Missed Opportunity for Peace
WWI Pushes Warring Countries Toward Total States
Why the Allies Won World War One
Post-WWI: Filling the Void of Collapsed Empires
Post-WWI Communism vs. Anti-Communism
Post World War I: The Age of Uncertainty
1910s/1920s: Modern Women
The World of 1930
The 1930s World Crisis
1930s: The Decade of Contingency
America's Entry into World War II
WWII: Strategies for Total War
1945: Hour Zero
Post WWII: Imagining New Countries
Conflicts in Postwar Nation Building
The Two Europes That Emerged After WWII
1947 China: Undesirable Communists vs. Flawed Nationalists
Post WWII: The Age of America
Reasons for the Korean War
How WWIII was Avoided in the Korean War
1950-1952: The Cold War Comes to Main Street
1950-1954: The H-Bomb and the Nuclear Revolution
1950s: Loosening Empires and Building Confederations
The Emergence of the Third World
1958-1962: The World at the Brink
Third World Proxy Wars of the 1950s and 1960s
Managerial States and the Transnational Disruption of 1968
1970s Obstacles to Reducing Cold War Tensions
1970s Democratic Socialism Becomes a Non-Choice
1980s Political Polarization
1980s: Global Capitalism Transformed