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Notes on video lecture:
1970s Democratic Socialism Becomes a Non-Choice
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
power, governability, PS, Moro, failing, Thatcher, terrorists, Scargill, unions, consensus, currency, emerging, socialist, breaking, Brigades, communist, Heath, culturally, support, failing, questioned, oil, future, symbol, dictatorial, communists, Berlinguer, USSR
direction of global economy in 1970s
the social democracy model               
the model of big companies, big government, big unions doesn't seem to be working                      or economically
capitalism being                     
1975, Time Magazine cover, "Can Capitalism Survive?"
1980, Time Magazine cover, "Is Capitalism Working?"
the rise of                    parties in Western Europe
Enrico Berlinguer
early 1970s: traditional communism didn't look unstable yet
it looked as though the Soviet Union and their allies were at least not               
the higher price of        tended to favor the Soviet Union in the short run
they produce a large amount of oil
gives them hard                 
enables them to bolster communist states
economically, socially, it looks like state socialism might be working
big alternatives that are emerging
increased focus on civil rights
there needs to be something more involved in world politics than just a balance of           
1977-1981 Jimmy Carter was a              of some of this
the Cold War "swing areas" of the 70s: key areas which instigated change
1. Western and Central Europe
2. China
choices made in these areas are going to change the flow of the Cold War
just as in other areas of history, these were key areas
two U-turns
1972: Edward            turns to the left
was going to fix inflation and fight unions
1972 gave into the             
increased spending
increased inflation
bitterly denounced by                 , "this lady is not for turning"
1982: Francois Mitterrand turns to the right
leader of a democratic                    party
1981: had taken charge of France in partnership with the                     
1982: joined a new economic and political                    emerging in Europe which moved away from Communist influence
democratic socialism
had been slowly                  in European governments throughout the 1970s
1974-1979: Labour Party in England
1981: Mitterrand's      (Parti socialiste) party came into power and invited the Communist Party into his first government
unions such as the one that caused Edward Heath's U-Turn in 1972
unions want wages to keep up with inflation
the public had to take sides
Thatcher and British Conservatives
                 and the striking miners
the British public ended up mostly taking sides with Thatcher in this case
surge of Eurocommunism
Italy
Enrico                     
Spain
had been under                        rule of Franco
1975: Franco passed away
leading faction were democratic socialists
rise of single-issue parties
environment
ethnic nationalism
rise of concerns for                            and public order
people feel like their societies are                  down
union policies are having too much influence
domestic                     
Italy: the Red                 
formed 1970
violent attempts to destabilize Italy by acts of sabotage, bank robberies, and kidnappings
kidnapped and murdered Christian Democrat Prime Minister Aldo         
Iran: U.S. embassy in Iran overrun by Iranian revolutionaries
reaction to these events was: we need stronger public order
democratic socialists can't free themselves of taint with association from the         
by late 1970s, Soviets are getting a pretty bad press
invasion of Afghanistan
late 1970s: it's hard to look at the Soviet Union and see anything that looks like a model for the             
the Soviet Union feels no strong incentive yet to reform their implementation of socialism which makes it difficult for socialist movements in Europe to get wide                from the public
the result is that democratic socialism does not become the wave of the future in Europe

People:

Enrico Berlinguer (1922-1984)
An Italian politician and national secretary of the Italian Communist Party
  • broke with the Soviets over the invasion of Afghanistan
  • came close to taking power in Italy in a free election
Edward Heath (1916-2005)
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1970 to 1974, bitterly denounced by Thatcher
  • was going to take on inflation, take on the labor unions
  • 1972 throws up his hands and increased spending and inflation

Spelling Corrections:

MitterandMitterrand
1914: Schizophrenic Germany
1914: The Balkan Whirlpool
1914: From Balkan Crisis to War
1914-1916: All War Plans Fail Horribly
The 1916 Missed Opportunity for Peace
WWI Pushes Warring Countries Toward Total States
Why the Allies Won World War One
Post-WWI: Filling the Void of Collapsed Empires
Post-WWI Communism vs. Anti-Communism
Post World War I: The Age of Uncertainty
1910s/1920s: Modern Women
The World of 1930
The 1930s World Crisis
1930s: The Decade of Contingency
America's Entry into World War II
WWII: Strategies for Total War
1945: Hour Zero
Post WWII: Imagining New Countries
Conflicts in Postwar Nation Building
The Two Europes That Emerged After WWII
1947 China: Undesirable Communists vs. Flawed Nationalists
Post WWII: The Age of America
Reasons for the Korean War
How WWIII was Avoided in the Korean War
1950-1952: The Cold War Comes to Main Street
1950-1954: The H-Bomb and the Nuclear Revolution
1950s: Loosening Empires and Building Confederations
The Emergence of the Third World
1958-1962: The World at the Brink
Third World Proxy Wars of the 1950s and 1960s
Managerial States and the Transnational Disruption of 1968
1970s Obstacles to Reducing Cold War Tensions
1970s Democratic Socialism Becomes a Non-Choice
1980s Political Polarization
1980s: Global Capitalism Transformed