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Notes on video lecture:
Post WWII: Imagining New Countries
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
scorns, free, Democrats, labor, imperialist, Zedong, appealing, create, Dutch, poor, defeated, discredited, recipes, depression, action, Arab, countercyclical, Nehru, sympathetic, Palestine, big, Turkey, journey, Italy, Chrysler, Sukarno, UNRRA, dollar, Islam, Holy, displaced, Bretton, Franco
the state of the world in 1945
countries that have been completely                 
Germany
ideologies that have been completely                       
Nazism
Fascism
millions of people                   
from their homes
Jews of Europe migrating to                   , a territory under control of a British government mandate
dreams that have been deferred for a long time
1945 elected a            government
was seen as time to build a new country that had been neglected them through years of                      and war
lonely pilgrims
they are lonely because they don't have large institutions or large political parties, just a handful of people in several clusters trying to imagine a new country
Burma
they are trying to think of the new country they are going to build
China
Nationalist government has been badly bludgeoned by the war with the Japanese
Mao             
his Chinese communists have been fighting the Japanese
India
           and Gandhi
simple clothes
trained in the elite British school system
able to function capably in both worlds, East and West
Indonesia
formerly            East Indies
independence movement led by               
problems of nation building
what are the borders?
Batavia (Jakarta) is capital
a very large are of geography
very different places and ethnic identities
           strong on island of Java
should it include Borneo?
what are their ladders of success?
they are living in environments designed by the colonial powers they are trying to overthrow
they are climbing a ladder that ends up leading to Paris or London, but actually they are trying to reach a level in a different kind of community that they are trying to             
what models are these leaders looking to?
democracies
is it                   ?
is it too hard?
communisms
seem to be able to take a large mass of          people and make them pretty strong and independent pretty quickly
communism has a strong anti-                       rhetoric
anti-communists who think democracy is unappealing or too hard
many Muslims
deeply religious but the doctrine of communism              religion
but not interested in democracy because of their religion
difficult to look toward             , because it had ostentatiously pointed itself toward secularism, limiting the role of Islam
a pan-         ideology was popular
ideologies
identity and narrative
we are on a                going from here to here to here
vocabularies
words and phrases that other people will understand and recognize
policy programs
               to build your country
1930s
Social                    rise
1945
Fascism is profoundly discredited
           and Germany both in ruins
Japan was flirting with a kind of          Fascism ideology, also in ruins
Fascism now doesn't seem to extend beyond             's Spain
Communism strong
Social Democracy strong
new countries taking these family of ideas to create their own
social democracy
                               macroeconomics
the notion that we can influence supply and demand with governmental             
a strong role in government management of the economy
John Maynard Keynes
social insurance
provide people with more personal security in their lives
government in partnership with labor
big government supports big corporations and big unions
Walther Reuther, president of United Auto Workers
powerful union offsetting the big three auto manufacturers: Ford,                 , General Motors
rebuild global economy
distinctive vision between United States with England
money 1.0 = old gold standard
money 2.0 = gold-             standard
instead of relying on a finite amount of metal, you rely on a finite amount of metal linked to paper called dollars
dollars became a hard currency on which people could set exchange rates
               Woods Conference, 1944
730 delegates from 44 Allied nations
Harry Dexter White
American treasury official
accused of being                        and being an active agent for the Soviet Union
sympathetic to the big government, managed economy approach of the Soviet Union
Keynes
the Bretton Woods system is about very managed economies with        governments
United States supported          trade
but carefully regulated the movement of money across borders
not like the monetary system we have today
World Bank and United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (          )
for governments to have a bank to help other countries
saved hundreds of thousands of lives distributing assistance to people in need

Vocabulary:

ambivalent, adj. simultaneously experiencing or expressing opposing or contradictory feelings, beliefs, or motivations  "The image of Sukarno on the cover of Time Magazine is ambivalent, do you sympathize with this man, or are you afraid of him?"

People:

John Maynard Keynes (1883-1946)
British economist whose ideas have fundamentally informed the economic policies of governments
  • overturned older ideas that held that free markets would, in the short to medium term, automatically provide full employment, as long as workers were flexible in their wage demands
Sukarno (1901-1967)
The leader of Indonesia's struggle for independence from the Netherlands
  • spent over a decade under Dutch detention until released by the invading Japanese forces
  • in office from 1945 to 1967
Mao Zedong (1893-1976)
Chinese Communist revolutionary and the founding father of the People's Republic of China
  • his Marxist-Leninist theories, military strategies and political policies are collectively known as Maoism
Jawaharlal Nehru (1889-1964)
First Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics for much of the 20th century
  • in office from 1947-1964
  • considered to be the architect of the modern Indian nation-state: a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic

Spelling Corrections:

defereddeferred
blugeonedbludgeoned
assistenceassistance
1914: Schizophrenic Germany
1914: The Balkan Whirlpool
1914: From Balkan Crisis to War
1914-1916: All War Plans Fail Horribly
The 1916 Missed Opportunity for Peace
WWI Pushes Warring Countries Toward Total States
Why the Allies Won World War One
Post-WWI: Filling the Void of Collapsed Empires
Post-WWI Communism vs. Anti-Communism
Post World War I: The Age of Uncertainty
1910s/1920s: Modern Women
The World of 1930
The 1930s World Crisis
1930s: The Decade of Contingency
America's Entry into World War II
WWII: Strategies for Total War
1945: Hour Zero
Post WWII: Imagining New Countries
Conflicts in Postwar Nation Building
The Two Europes That Emerged After WWII
1947 China: Undesirable Communists vs. Flawed Nationalists
Post WWII: The Age of America
Reasons for the Korean War
How WWIII was Avoided in the Korean War
1950-1952: The Cold War Comes to Main Street
1950-1954: The H-Bomb and the Nuclear Revolution
1950s: Loosening Empires and Building Confederations
The Emergence of the Third World
1958-1962: The World at the Brink
Third World Proxy Wars of the 1950s and 1960s
Managerial States and the Transnational Disruption of 1968
1970s Obstacles to Reducing Cold War Tensions
1970s Democratic Socialism Becomes a Non-Choice
1980s Political Polarization
1980s: Global Capitalism Transformed