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Notes on video lecture:
Post WWII: The Age of America
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
petrochemicals, cultural, racial, Roosevelt, benighted, France, umpiring, Chiefs, 1930s, imitation, small, communism, Defense, foregone, Cold, world, Houston, demobilizing, social, erosion, backwater, serfdom, 9-0, national, segregated, exceptionally, Security, coincidence, the, South, oppression, protectionist, dominant, North, security, Negros
the age of the Americas
1950s: the United States takes on a particularly important role in shaping            history
1920s was important for the United States, but most of that was commercial and                 
in the 1940s, the United States becomes                            important militarily and politically
1940-1954: formative period
1940: after the fall of             , the United States declares a national emergency and begins mobilizing on a mass scale to participate in global war
1954: United States has decided that it is going to have a global strategy of maintaining                    all over the world
began to make domestic decisions in order to play a global leadership role
1954: Brown v. Board of Education
this began a second reconstruction of the southern part of its country
America as world power
by 1898, America had become an important power among many other powers, but by no means a                  one
during the 1940s, the United States emerged as a lead world power, in some cases,        lead world power
became a national                  state
"                 security" was a phrase people didn't use until the 1940s
security is about more than the size of the army and the navy
after 1945, the United States began                         , was tempted to become the way it was before the 1940s
but then the rise of the          War propelled the United States to get back into preparing for world war
the 40s and the 50s are the formative years of the national security state
1947: United States Air Force
1947: National                  Council
1947: Joint              of Staff
1947: CIA
1949: created the Department of               
this was an amendment to the National Security Act of 1947
1952: National Security Agency
begins defending frontiers designed to limit the spread of communism
Europe
Asia
America as economic model
became the leading model for the practice of              democracy
big business, big unions, and a big government                  it all
becomes the leading spokescountry for free trade
this is an irony because from the late 1800s to the 1930s, America had been a                            country
Britain had been the free-trade country but then abandoned the doctrines of free trade at the beginning of the           
domestic transformation
integration of the            into the national economy
it's hard for us to remember this now, but in the 1920s and well into the 1930s, the American South was regarded as the substantially unreconstructed backward                    of American society, weaker education, oppression of the             , a kind of                   , colorful place, fit for the fiction of William Faulkner but hardly for imitation in the rest of the country
but hardly for                    in the rest of the country
industries weak
economic growth modest,
its laborers, mainly black, trapped in an almost sort of               , sharecropping on their tenant plots
many of the best workers increasingly able to free themselves from this kind of peonage, leaving it, and migrating in large numbers to work in factories in the           
changes in 1930s, 1940s
                  's New Deal
opportunities of the War
Southern businesses began to participate in the national labor and capital markets
cities like Atlanta and                are growing tremendously
from 1940-1970, Houston adds 1 million people
from cotton to international oil and                             
the rise of the Western United States
California
in 1930 was quite           
today 34 million people and one of the largest economies of the world
a lot of it because of U.S. defense industry
since 1930, population of West increased significantly
took on the legacy of African slavery inside the country
had been freed but were being kept in a state of profound legal discrimination and systematic                     
why the 1940s, why the 1950s did a second reconstruction of American South begin?
not a                        that it begins at this time
you can't separate this from what is going on in world history
the United States had just mobilized the whole country to destroy a tyranny based on              prejudice
this bounced back on people in a myriad of ways on people through the United States in the way American then viewed the heritage of racial prejudice inside their own country
you can see the                of the old established American positions on race
1948: integration of blacks in the armed forces
1954: Brown v. Board of Education, Supreme Court votes        to integrate schools
1955: boycott of the                      bus system in Montgomery, Alabama by black American who refused to provide financial support to a bus system that treated them as second-class citizens
the second reconstruction of the South was not a                  conclusion
there is a complex, twisting story, based much on key decisions at key times
corrected:
Montgomrey
Montgomery

Vocabulary:

peonage, n. system by which debtors are bound in servitude to their creditors until their debts are paid  "During the 1910s and 1920s, Africans in the American South were able to increasingly free themselves from this kind of peonage."
benighted, adj. lacking knowledge or education, unenlightened  "In the 1920s and well into the 1930s, the American South was regarded as the substantially unreconstructed backward backwater of American society: weaker education, oppression of the Negros, a kind of benighted, colorful place, fit for the fiction of William Faulkner but hardly for imitation in the rest of the country."

Ideas and Concepts:

On the pre-WWII American South via tonight's World History class: "After World War II, if the United States was going to become a global economic leader, it was going to have to integrate the South into the national economy. It's hard for us to remember this now, but in the 1920s and well into the 1930s, the American South was regarded as the substantially unreconstructed backward backwater of American society:weaker education, oppression of the Negroes, a kind of benighted, colorful place, fit for the fiction of William Faulkner but hardly for imitation in the rest of the country. Its industries weak, its economic growth modest, its laborers, mainly black, trapped in an almost sort of serfdom, sharecropping on their tenant plots, with many of the best workers increasingly able to free themselves from this kind of peonage, leaving it, and migrating in large numbers to work in factories in the North."
On why the American South had to be reconstructed a second time and why it happened in the 1940s and 1950s, via tonight's World History class: "If the United States was going to become a world leader after WWII, it was going to have to take on the legacy of African slavery inside its own borders. Slaves had been technically freed in the American South in the 19th century but even up until the middle of the 20th century, they were being kept in a state of profound legal discrimination and systematic oppression. It wasn't a coincidence that the second reconstruction of the American South begins to take root in the 1940s and the 1950s. You can't separate this movement from what is going on in world history. The United States had just mobilized the whole country to destroy a tyranny based on racial prejudice, and this began to bounce back on people in a myriad of ways throughout the United States regarding the view Americans took on the heritage of racial prejudice inside their own country. You can see a tight correlation between World War II and the erosion of the old established American positions on racial segregation and suppression:1948:the integration of blacks in the Armed Forces, 1954:Brown v. Board of Education in which the Supreme Court votes 9-0 to racially integrate all schools in the country, and 1955:the boycott of the segregated bus system in Montgomery, Alabama by black Americans who simply refused to continue to provide financial support to a bus system that treated them as second-class citizens."
1914: Schizophrenic Germany
1914: The Balkan Whirlpool
1914: From Balkan Crisis to War
1914-1916: All War Plans Fail Horribly
The 1916 Missed Opportunity for Peace
WWI Pushes Warring Countries Toward Total States
Why the Allies Won World War One
Post-WWI: Filling the Void of Collapsed Empires
Post-WWI Communism vs. Anti-Communism
Post World War I: The Age of Uncertainty
1910s/1920s: Modern Women
The World of 1930
The 1930s World Crisis
1930s: The Decade of Contingency
America's Entry into World War II
WWII: Strategies for Total War
1945: Hour Zero
Post WWII: Imagining New Countries
Conflicts in Postwar Nation Building
The Two Europes That Emerged After WWII
1947 China: Undesirable Communists vs. Flawed Nationalists
Post WWII: The Age of America
Reasons for the Korean War
How WWIII was Avoided in the Korean War
1950-1952: The Cold War Comes to Main Street
1950-1954: The H-Bomb and the Nuclear Revolution
1950s: Loosening Empires and Building Confederations
The Emergence of the Third World
1958-1962: The World at the Brink
Third World Proxy Wars of the 1950s and 1960s
Managerial States and the Transnational Disruption of 1968
1970s Obstacles to Reducing Cold War Tensions
1970s Democratic Socialism Becomes a Non-Choice
1980s Political Polarization
1980s: Global Capitalism Transformed