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Notes on video lecture:
Post World War I: The Age of Uncertainty
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
Gropius, veneer, gentile, WWII, automobiles, struggle, frivolities, psychologically, State, Liberalism, consumerism, fascism, reactionary, higher, disproportionate, Jung, broken, Hollywood, Dottori, Edwardian, Sears, thousands, household, subconscious, Critical, rationality, subjective, killed, Influenza, Bulgaria
after WWI the common sentiment was that Europe was a              world
the certainties of the past seemed gone
human losses:
9-10 million people             
10s of millions people damaged in some way, physically or                               
conditions of war helped produce the worst outbreak of disease, the Great                    Epidemic of 1918
90% of the people killed were soldiers, so this was not a war like          where the majority of the people killed were not soldiers
marked the demographics of Britain, France, Russia and smaller countries such as Serbia and                 
loss of the Old Order
the                society of gentleman and ladies was gone
the                    era, the Victorian era
a loss of confidence
Before World War I, there was a general sense that the world was driving forward into newer and              things. After WWI, there was a general sense that the world was driving forward into newer things, but that they weren't necessarily higher.
loss of confidence that people know they were sure what was right in politics and religion
loss of faith in                        itself
the results of the war seemed so crazily                                  to anyone's open purposes that it caused people to doubt even reason and rationality itself
arise of                  Theory: beneath the veneer of what we say at a rational level, we're hiding our deeper                      constructs of the way we want the world to be that we express in our vocabulary of rationality
the study of the                         
Sigmund Freud and Carl         
attention to subconscious motives and drives
Walter                (1883-1969)
architecture became unadorned, no                       , straight lines
functional, natural, rational, building has a purpose without all the              on top
futurism art movement
early 19th century Futurism expressed a passionate loathing of everything old, especially political and artistic tradition
Italy mainly
the celebration of dynamism
Umberto Boccioni (1882-1916)
sculpture: Unique Forms of Continuity in Space, 1913
"pure, driving motion and muscle power itself, the essence of it"
joined the Italian army, killed in training accident in 1916
wanted the nation to express the force shown by dynamism, supporters of Italy's entry into WWI
relationship between futurism and               
don't think of Fascism as a                        doctrine: they felt they were very modern
a                  of man
Mussolini:
Fascism is opposed to classical                     , which arose from the necessity of reacting against absolutism
the state recreates the nation in its desired image through the will of the people identifying with the state
"Liberalism denied the State in the interests of the particular individual; Fascism reaffirms the state as the true reality of the individual, therefore, for the Fascist, everything is in the           , and nothing human or spiritual exists, much less has value, outside the State."
Gerardo                (1884-1977)
The Duce, 1933 ##dottori
"Italy's leader, the symbol of national force"
global America
"the symbol of materialism that Mussolini so detested"
it's not because America had become the supreme military power in the world
the real influence from America economy, American finance, and American culture, the rise of                       , of mass-market advertising, of seducing people to buy a lot of things whether they need them or not, America represented above all an abundance of                    goods, of the material well-being of ordinary people supplied through a free market, mundane things such as a way to improve your sewing machine, or if your home is too hot in the summertime,            is helping you buy larger electric fans, even a kind that will oscillate, or if your home is too cold in the window, a new room heater with more features than the old room heater.
cars, highways, gas stations, drive-in movie theaters, America was the premier producing of affordable                       
broadcast radio
for the first time in human history, you could sit down at night and listen to people talking to you from                    of miles away
movies
                   becomes a premier producer of movies which were consumed globally
1914: Schizophrenic Germany
1914: The Balkan Whirlpool
1914: From Balkan Crisis to War
1914-1916: All War Plans Fail Horribly
The 1916 Missed Opportunity for Peace
WWI Pushes Warring Countries Toward Total States
Why the Allies Won World War One
Post-WWI: Filling the Void of Collapsed Empires
Post-WWI Communism vs. Anti-Communism
Post World War I: The Age of Uncertainty
1910s/1920s: Modern Women
The World of 1930
The 1930s World Crisis
1930s: The Decade of Contingency
America's Entry into World War II
WWII: Strategies for Total War
1945: Hour Zero
Post WWII: Imagining New Countries
Conflicts in Postwar Nation Building
The Two Europes That Emerged After WWII
1947 China: Undesirable Communists vs. Flawed Nationalists
Post WWII: The Age of America
Reasons for the Korean War
How WWIII was Avoided in the Korean War
1950-1952: The Cold War Comes to Main Street
1950-1954: The H-Bomb and the Nuclear Revolution
1950s: Loosening Empires and Building Confederations
The Emergence of the Third World
1958-1962: The World at the Brink
Third World Proxy Wars of the 1950s and 1960s
Managerial States and the Transnational Disruption of 1968
1970s Obstacles to Reducing Cold War Tensions
1970s Democratic Socialism Becomes a Non-Choice
1980s Political Polarization
1980s: Global Capitalism Transformed