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Notes on video lecture:
The Beginning of Rap
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
recorded, CBGB, Barbados, scratching, Bambaataa, Haarlem, neighborhood, backward, break, turn, Herc, Coke, Flash, punch, Jamaica, urban, graffiti, Theodore, dance, Zulu, Sugar, gang, error, violence, analog, late, niche, African, Bronx, Sylvia
hip hop culture in the 80s
1970s arises in New York's                American and Latino communities
remained a regional culture
you would have had to go to e.g. the            to see it
it was the same thing with punk at          or Max's Kansas City
several components to hip hop
rap music
got the most attention outside of New York
break dancing
early rap
arises from                          parties
Reggae music
started in                with the sound system men
DJ Kool Herc
was 12 when he moved from Jamaica to the Bronx
he had been to parties where people who are setting up the sound system and would get on the microphone and talk
the course of doing this, he developed:
the MC
brought in          La Rock
encouraged people to do            dancing
called them break boys and break girls
prolonged the breaks in records
it would break down to a good sounding a beat
took a cool section of a song and repeats it
gets to          tables and two copies of the same record
keeps going back between the two and starts talking
two people influenced by DJ Kool Herc
Grandmaster Flash
born in                 
moved to the Bronx
took up the practice of two turn tables from DJ Kool         
developed           -phrasing
most DJs today are working on a computer or laptop
but back then it was              sampling
sampling by using actual turn tables and records
there was a lot of room for           
it took a lot of skill to pull this off
one of the first to use                     
moving the need                 
although most rap historians would say that the person who created this technique was actually Grand Wizzard                 
perfected it and made it a signature part of his style
showed a virtuosity of being a DJ, a specialty of transforming these received sounds and turn them into more effective sounds in a            context than they would have otherwise been
none of this at the beginning was                 
you had to go to one of these performances to hear it
there were not rap records until the          1970s
a former          leader
his idea was to use hip hop music and rap music to bring youth together to get them out of gang related activity and                 
must like midnight basketball, etc.
spend that energy in a positive way
established a group called Universal          Nation
accredited with inventing the term Hip Hop
the term had been in the vernacular
but Bambaataa put his trade mark on the idea of Hip Hop of his idea of this culture
late 1970s began to be recording
nobody before this thought that there would be a rap record
Sylvia Robinson attended a party in               
heard some kids chanting over a song by Chic "Good Times"
she thought it was catchy
she had experience in the music business
she had experience as Mickey &             
1958 they had the hit "Love Is Strange"
1973 "Pillow Talk"
created a novelty record
called the group the            Hill Gang
1979 Rapper's Delight
Kurtis Blow
1980 The Breaks Part 1
Grandmaster            and the Furious Five
1982 The Message
dealt with the negative sides of            life
up until 1982, rap was still a small, regional            market, but some bands had shown that you could create albums with rap

Spelling Corrections:


Ideas and Concepts:

DJ technique learned via tonight's History of Rock and Roll class: "Phrase Mixing is the alignment of phrases of two tracks in a mix. This allows the transition between the tracks to be done without breaking the musical structure. Because most electronic dance music tracks have 4/4 time signature and a simple structure of 16-bar phrases, to align the phrases of two tracks it is often enough to start the track to be mixed in at a phrase boundary in the track currently playing. Careful phrasing can produce a seamless mix by making the breaks in two tracks coincide, or aligning the break in one track with the start of the beat in the other."
First rap song and painful return to the 70s via tonight's History of Rock and Roll class: "Although people were rapping throughout the 70s, nobody thought of recording any of it as a record. You had to go to a DJ party to hear it. In the late 70s, however, Sylvia Robinson of Mickey & Sylvia and Pillow Talk fame, attended one of these parties in Haarlem and heard some kids chanting over the song "Good Times" by Chic. She thought what they were doing was catchy and since she had experience in the music business, she got the kids together and created the group called the Sugar Hill Gang. In 1979, they recorded the first rap song, Rapper's Delight."
1970s: Hippie Aesthetic, Corporate Rock, Disco, and Punk
British Blues-Based Bands and the Roots of Heavy Metal
American Blues Rock and Southern Rock
The Era of Progressive Rock
Jazz Rock in the 70s
Theatrical Rock: KISS, Bowie, and Alice Cooper
American Singer-Songwriters of the 70s
British and Canadian Singer-Songwriters
Country Rock's Influence on 1970s Music
Black Pop in the 1970s
Sly Stone and His Influence on Black Pop, Funk, and Psychedelic Soul
Motown in the 1970s
Philadelphia Sound and Soul Train
Blaxploitation Soundtracks
The Uniqueness of James Brown
Bob Marley and the Rise of Reggae
The Backlash Against Disco
1975-1980: The Rise of the Mega-Αlbum
Continuity Bands in the 1970s
Rock and Roll in the Second Half of the 1970s
U.S. Punk 1967-1975
1974-77: Punk in the UK
American New Wave 1977-80
British New Wave 1977-80
The Hippie Aesthetic: 1966-1980
The Rise of MTV
Michael Jackson: MTV's Unexpected Boon
Madonna as Disruptive Shock Artist
Prince and Janet Jackson
Other Groups Who Benefited from MTV
1980s New Traditionalists and New Wave
1980s New Acts, Old Styles and Blue-Eyed Soul
1970s Progressive Rock Adapts to the 80s
1980's Heavy Metal
1980s Heavy Metal and L.A. Hair Bands
1980s Ambitious Heavy Metal
The Beginning of Rap
1980s: Rap Crosses Over to Mainstream
Late 1980s Hard Core Rap
Punk Goes Hardcore
Late 80s Indie Rock Underground
1990s: The Rise of Alternative Rock
1990s Indie Rock and the Question of Selling Out
1990s Metal and Alternative Extensions
Hip-Hop in the 1990s
Classic Rock of the 1990s
1990s Jam Bands and Britpop
Female Singer-Songwriters of the 1990s
The Rise of Teen Idols in the 1990s
1990s Dance Music