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Notes on video lecture:
British Blues-Based Bands and the Roots of Heavy Metal
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
60s, gothic, center, dismissal, crystallize, Chess, Yes, authenticity, separable, roots, Kinks, Plant, Invasion, Pigs, Lord, Blackmore, vernacular, Page, psychedelia, flower, 1969, dirty, litigation, scream, Berry, Yardbirds
blues rock
as with most modern rock music, Blues rock was grounded in the       
easy to see its roots
Rolling Stones and                   
revived the Chicago Electric Blues tradition as part of the British                 
British Invasion
The Beatles, The           , The Rolling Stones, The Who, and The Dave Clark Five
you have to ask what counts as blues rock
ZZ Top?
British Blues Rock
the unholy trinity of British hard rock and heavy metal in the early to mid-Seventies
Deep Purple
Led Zeppelin
Black Sabbath
based on a 60s interest in American blues
           records coming out of Chicago in the 50s
Howling Wolf (Back Door Man)
Little Walter
had a gritty feel to them and a sense of                         
they first imitated these artists
then developed a different approach
came up with something that was very easily separable from American Blues of the 50s
1. Led Zeppelin
if we start with Blue Rock in the 70s, we have to start, of course, with Led Zeppelin
Jimmy          was the last man standing from the Yardbirds
was one of the last ones into the group
everyone else had quit
brought in friend John Paul Jones
Robert            and John Bonham joined, who were relatively unknown
changed name to Led Zeppelin
first two albums released in         
you can still see late 1960s                        in the music of Led Zeppelin
clearly their roots are in the blues
in the first four albums, there is hardly a song that is not based on some other song
there has been                      suits for this
Jimmy Page was "grabbing tunes from the Blues tradition"
he would argue that these songs belonged to a common                      that many people rerecorded
also influenced by blues, folk and psychedelia
representative track: Whole Lotta Love
from 1969
listen to the              portion of the tune, the outer portion are clearly based on a blues
the center part is more psychedelic, you can hear early stereo with panning sounds from left to right as they go through your head, oh wow, groovy, its an atmospheric sort of section there that is very much a late artifact of late psychedelia
2. Deep Purple
Jon         , keyboardist
had classical training like
Keith Emerson
English keyboardist Emerson, Lake & Palmer
Rick Wakeman
best known for being the former keyboardist in the progressive rock band       
known for his pioneering work in fusing rock with classical or baroque forms, especially with Deep Purple
Ritchie                   , guitarist
first important virtuoso guitarists after Jimi Hendrix and Eric Clapton
known on the music scene when Deep Purple came together at the end of the 1960s
1968: "Hush"
originally done by Joe South
Deep Purple was the bridge between Psychedelia of the late 60s and what's going to develop into Heavy Metal at the end of the 1970s
at the beginning of the 70s Deep Purple and Black Sabbath aren't really thought of as Heavy Metal as if Heavy Metal was something                    from the rest of what was going on in Rock and Roll
they were still thought of as Blues Rock acts
Heavy Metal per se didn't really                        until the middle of the 70s
Machine Head (1972)
representative album
"Smoke on the Water"
"Stairway to Heaven"
blue influences
"Highway Star"
classical influences
Deep Purple has
Blues based group like Led Zeppelin
but more quotations of earlier music
Ian Gillan
perfected the idea of the high rock-n-roll             
Highway Star
Space Truckin
Black Sabbath
when you talk about the            of heavy metal, Black Sabbath is the group that is most often cited
started out as a blues based group
later specialized in a sort of scary,              horror kind of thing
name came from a movie called "Black Sabbath" (1963)
in the late 60s while it was              power and sunshine in Southern California, in Birmingham, England it was dark and            where the gloomy side of psychedalia was born
1979: Ozzy Osbourne's regular abuse of drugs and alcohol led to his                    from the band
1970: Paranoid: archetypal album
second album
Iron Man

Spelling Corrections:


Ideas and Concepts:

Via tonight's History of Rock class, group #5 in the British Invasion, The Dave Clark Band, "Because", smooth:
Via tonight's History of Rock and Roll class, Freddie Mercury's vocal range:
Via tonight's History of Rock class, Deep Purple in 1968 playing their classic "Hush" like you've never seen: "aside a pool, in their skibbies, playing in a sandbox, singing from a lawn chair:"
On the beginnings of Heavy Metal via tonight's History of Rock and Roll class: "Deep Purple was the bridge between Psychedelia of the late 60s and what's going to develop into Heavy Metal at the end of the 1970s. At the beginning of the 70s, Deep Purple and Black Sabbath aren't really thought of yet as Heavy Metal as if Heavy Metal were something separable from the rest of what was going on in Rock and Roll. They were still thought of as Blues Rock acts. Heavy Metal per se didn't really crystallize until the middle of the 1970s."
Via tonight's History Rock and Roll: "It was Ian Gillan who in 1972 introduced and perfected the idea of what, by the end of the decade, would become the high, Heavy Metal scream, as evidenced in Highway Star and Space Truckin"
1970s: Hippie Aesthetic, Corporate Rock, Disco, and Punk
British Blues-Based Bands and the Roots of Heavy Metal
American Blues Rock and Southern Rock
The Era of Progressive Rock
Jazz Rock in the 70s
Theatrical Rock: KISS, Bowie, and Alice Cooper
American Singer-Songwriters of the 70s
British and Canadian Singer-Songwriters
Country Rock's Influence on 1970s Music
Black Pop in the 1970s
Sly Stone and His Influence on Black Pop, Funk, and Psychedelic Soul
Motown in the 1970s
Philadelphia Sound and Soul Train
Blaxploitation Soundtracks
The Uniqueness of James Brown
Bob Marley and the Rise of Reggae
The Backlash Against Disco
1975-1980: The Rise of the Mega-Αlbum
Continuity Bands in the 1970s
Rock and Roll in the Second Half of the 1970s
U.S. Punk 1967-1975
1974-77: Punk in the UK
American New Wave 1977-80
British New Wave 1977-80
The Hippie Aesthetic: 1966-1980
The Rise of MTV
Michael Jackson: MTV's Unexpected Boon
Madonna as Disruptive Shock Artist
Prince and Janet Jackson
Other Groups Who Benefited from MTV
1980s New Traditionalists and New Wave
1980s New Acts, Old Styles and Blue-Eyed Soul
1970s Progressive Rock Adapts to the 80s
1980's Heavy Metal
1980s Heavy Metal and L.A. Hair Bands
1980s Ambitious Heavy Metal
The Beginning of Rap
1980s: Rap Crosses Over to Mainstream
Late 1980s Hard Core Rap
Punk Goes Hardcore
Late 80s Indie Rock Underground
1990s: The Rise of Alternative Rock
1990s Indie Rock and the Question of Selling Out
1990s Metal and Alternative Extensions
Hip-Hop in the 1990s
Classic Rock of the 1990s
1990s Jam Bands and Britpop
Female Singer-Songwriters of the 1990s
The Rise of Teen Idols in the 1990s
1990s Dance Music