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Notes on video lecture:
Motown in the 1970s
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
Innervisions, Enough, Yes, television, Jermaine, 60s, 1971, groove, social, Blaxploitation, Gordy, teen, Jacksons, jail, Alabama, founder, urban, Stone, production, assembly, disco, talent, control, engaging, Grammy, Rolling, Motor
Motown comes from "           City" or Detroit
Berry            Jr.
               of the Motown record label
one of the most important record labels of the       
Motown in the 70s
happens mostly in Los Angeles
Barry Gordy wants to expand into movies and                     
located in Los Angeles
The Temptations
being produced by Norman Whitfield
interested in doing what Sly            was doing
in the 1970s they began to address themes in            life
after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.
not so much provocative, but                 
1968: Cloud Nine
1970 Psychedelic Shack
1972 Papa was a                Stone
about problems in urban life, in the black community
a bit of realism
an ambitious track, over seven minutes in length
artistic, creates an atmosphere
influenced by Sly Stone and some of the                              films and what was going on with Isaac Hayes and Curtis Mayfield
a high-water mark in the 1970s for the temptations
number-one hit on the Billboard Hot 100 and won three              Awards in 1973
an enduring and influential soul classic
The Commodores
formed in 1968 in               
signed to Motown in         
roots in Funk music
1977 Brick House
infectious             
lyrical, catchy hook
ballads
lead singer Lionel Richie
1977 Easy
1978 Three Times a Lady
The Jackson 5
young child star, Michael Jackson
little Michael Jackson up front singing up a storm, you could already see that this kid was already absolutely loaded with             , a fantastic performer and dancer
1970 ABC
1970 I'll Be There
got into a dispute with Berry Gordy Jr.
Berry Gordy wanted to keep them in the          category
they wanted to play to more mature audiences
1976 they did not renew at Motown, went to CBS
Berry Gordy owned the name "Jackson 5"
renamed themselves as "The                 "
brother                  stayed at Motown
replaced by another brother, Randy Jackson
1978 Shake Your Body
going into            era
Michael Jackson
1979 Off the Wall
perhaps the best disco record ever recorded
Don't Stop 'Til You Get             
Rock with You
Off the Wall
She's Out of My Life
1970s: Motown artists began to take more               
it had been more like an                  line
labor was separated out
Marvin Gaye (1939-1984)
helped to shape the sound of Motown Records in the 1960s
won control at Motown
established a more              commentary voice
1971 album: What's Going On
more like a concept album
"What's Going On"
"Mercy Mercy Me"
"Inner City Blues"
dealt with urban issues in a way that was authentic
Stevie Wonder (1950-)
figured out that the best way to deal with Stevie Wonder is to let Stevie be Stevie
let him do all the writing, singing, playing, and                     
complex arrangements using synthesizers
influence from        and Emerson, Lake, and Palmer
1972 Album: Talking Book
1973 Album:                         
Living for the City
in the spirit of Blaxploitation movies
kid who comes to the city and gets thrown in         
1976: Songs in the Key of Life
classical references in his style

Ideas and Concepts:

From the 1970s soul department, via tonight's Rock and Roll History class: "The 1972 classic Papa Was a Rolling Stone by the Temptations was an ambitious track, originally over seven minutes in length, the lyrics about the problems in urban life, in the black community, a bit of realism, but artistic in its style creating an atmosphere that was influenced by Sly Stone and some of the Blaxploitation films of the early 1970s that were going on with Isaac Hayes and Curtis Mayfield, a high-water mark in the 1970s for the temptations and number-one hit on the Billboard Hot 100 and won three Grammy Awards in 1973, an enduring and influential soul classic."
Musical genre of the day via tonight's History of Rock and Roll class: "Bubble Gum Pop was a genre of pop music with an upbeat sound contrived and marketed to appeal to pre-teens and teenagers, that may be produced in an assembly-line process, driven by producers and often using unknown singers. Bubblegum's classic period ran from 1967 to 1972. The songs typically have singalong choruses, seemingly childlike themes and a contrived innocence, occasionally combined with an undercurrent of sexual double entendre. Bubblegum songs are also defined as having a catchy melody, simple chords, simple harmonies, dancy but not necessarily danceable beats, repetitive riffs or "hooks" and a vocally-multiplied refrain. The song lyrics often concern romantic love, but many times are about just feeling good or being happy, with references to sunshine, loving one another, toys, colors, nonsense words, etc. They are also notable for their frequent reference to sugary food, including sugar, honey, butterscotch, jelly and marmalade. Cross-marketing with cereal and bubblegum manufacturers also strengthened the link between bubblegum songs and confectionery. Popular bubble gum groups were The Archies, The Banana Splits, The Monkees, and perhaps most famously, The Jackson 5 with little Michael Jackson up front singing up a storm, you could already see that this kid was absolutely loaded with talent, a fantastic, professional performer and dancer in a little kid's body."
1970s: Hippie Aesthetic, Corporate Rock, Disco, and Punk
British Blues-Based Bands and the Roots of Heavy Metal
American Blues Rock and Southern Rock
The Era of Progressive Rock
Jazz Rock in the 70s
Theatrical Rock: KISS, Bowie, and Alice Cooper
American Singer-Songwriters of the 70s
British and Canadian Singer-Songwriters
Country Rock's Influence on 1970s Music
Black Pop in the 1970s
Sly Stone and His Influence on Black Pop, Funk, and Psychedelic Soul
Motown in the 1970s
Philadelphia Sound and Soul Train
Blaxploitation Soundtracks
The Uniqueness of James Brown
Bob Marley and the Rise of Reggae
The Backlash Against Disco
1975-1980: The Rise of the Mega-Αlbum
Continuity Bands in the 1970s
Rock and Roll in the Second Half of the 1970s
U.S. Punk 1967-1975
1974-77: Punk in the UK
American New Wave 1977-80
British New Wave 1977-80
The Hippie Aesthetic: 1966-1980
The Rise of MTV
Michael Jackson: MTV's Unexpected Boon
Madonna as Disruptive Shock Artist
Prince and Janet Jackson
Other Groups Who Benefited from MTV
1980s New Traditionalists and New Wave
1980s New Acts, Old Styles and Blue-Eyed Soul
1970s Progressive Rock Adapts to the 80s
1980's Heavy Metal
1980s Heavy Metal and L.A. Hair Bands
1980s Ambitious Heavy Metal
The Beginning of Rap
1980s: Rap Crosses Over to Mainstream
Late 1980s Hard Core Rap
Punk Goes Hardcore
Late 80s Indie Rock Underground
1990s: The Rise of Alternative Rock
1990s Indie Rock and the Question of Selling Out
1990s Metal and Alternative Extensions
Hip-Hop in the 1990s
Classic Rock of the 1990s
1990s Jam Bands and Britpop
Female Singer-Songwriters of the 1990s
The Rise of Teen Idols in the 1990s
1990s Dance Music