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Notes on video lecture:
1990s: The Rise of Alternative Rock
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
Cornell, Grohl, Stefani, college, Nevermind, punk, Teen, Beatles, Nirvana, visual, alternatives, breakthrough, Vetter, grunge, Ticketmaster, Real, DIY, Staley, metal, Magik, Idiot, major, blueprint, Corgan, progressive, indies, suicide
the rise of alternative rock in the 1990s was sparked by the commercial success of               's album                    in 1991
a                          album of alternative rock
similar to the                appearing the Ed Sullivan show in 1964
this watershed event of Nevermind didn't come all at once
arose out of the              rock seen of the 1980s and hardcore punk seen
1987 Document
"The One I Love"
became the                    for alternative groups
toward the end of the 80s, smaller groups getting signed by            labels
but part of their pride was that they were alternative and so it was an issue of being a sell-out as well
alternative rock
the        attitude
got away from the big money corporations
played on                stations
gained momentum in the
what was indie in the 80s was alternative in the 90s
important band for launching                         
Seattle              sound
Kurt Cobain
Dave Grohl on drums
1989 Bleach
Sub Pop
$606.17 to record the album
1991 Nevermind
"Smells Like          Spirit"
1993 In Utero
1994 Unplugged in New York
1994 Kurt Cobain committed               
Pearl Jam
1992 Ten
Nirvana was more of the pop band of the two
Pearl Jam more            influenced
anti-commercial aesthetic
fighting with                          who were charging more than $20
Kim Thayill
1994 Superunknown
signed with A&M
Alice in Chains
1992 Dirt
Faith No More
Mike Patton on vocals
1989 The          Thing
1992 Angel Dust
Red Hot Chili Peppers
Flea on the bass
1991 Blood Sugar Sex           
produced by Rick Ruben
did also Run D.M.C. and Aerosmith
Under the Bridge
Give It Away
innovative by MTV standards for the day
             effects were stunning
Stone Temple Pilots
grunge band coming out of San Diego
1992 Core
Smashing Pumpkins
led by Billy             
tried to deny their affiliation with the          scene
brought in other influences that the other bands of their time didn't
including                        rock
e.g. Mellotron keyboard
1993 Sieamese Dream
1995 Mellon Colile and the Infinite Sadness
other alternative groups
York, Pennsylvania
1994 Throwing Copper
a Christian bent
Tallahassee, Florida
2000 With Arms Open Wide
a Christian bent
2001 Hanging by the Moment
Foo Fighters
after Nirvana, Dave            formed this group around himself.
Rivers Cuomo
Los Angeles based band
comedic self-conscious
1995 Buddy Holly
punk-like groups
Green Day
Billie Joe Armstrong
punk acting and punk sounding
1994 Dookie
1994 When I Come Around
2004 American           , was also a musical
The Offspring
Orange County
Ska Revival
Reggae and punk
Long Beach, CA
The Mighty Mighty Bosstones
Cambridge, MA
No Doubt
led by Gwen               
1995: Tragic Kingdom
Just a Girl
Don't Speak

Ideas and Concepts:

The meaning of music, via tonight's History of Rock and Roll class: "Nirvana's Smells like Teen Spirit played in unison by a stadium full of thousands of people on drums, guitars and microphones, yeah!"
Refreshing anti-commercial and political activism aesthetic via tonight's History of Rock and Roll class:

"Eddie Vedder of the 1990s grunge band Pearl Jam was a not only a talented singer with powerful baritone vocals, he was also know for incorporating social commentary and political criticism into his lyrics and performances.

He would often comment on politics between songs, e.g. criticizing U.S. foreign policy. During Pearl Jam's 1992 appearance on MTV Unplugged, Vedder stood atop his stool, took out a marker pen, and wrote "pro-choice" down his arm in large letters when the band performed the song Porch.

During Pearl Jam's 2007 Lollapalooza headlining show, Vedder and the band played a song telling the crowd in Chicago to boycott the oil company B.P. Amoco because they had been polluting Lake Michigan.

Pearl Jam was is also known for fighting Ticketmaster who was charging more than $20 for concert tickets, something Pearl Jam wanted to prohibit in order to keep their concerts affordable for anybody."
Hitherto unknown 1990s music genre via tonight's History of Rock and Roll class:

"Ska Punk is a fusion genre that combines punk rock music and ska music, a precursor to rocksteady and reggae originating in Jamaica.

The Mighty Mighty Bosstones are often credited as the main progenitor of the genre of ska punk and the creators of its subgenre ska-core a form of music which mixes elements of ska with punk rock and hardcore.

The band found resistance from ska purists who did not like that the band were not playing traditional ska while hardcore fans were against the ska and heavy metal elements in the music.

The combination of a kind of big band trombones and saxophones, a reggae twang with punk rock is hard to wrap your mind around, but the music has a full-throttle punk joy to it with a touch of class."
More refreshing ska punk via tonight's History of Rock and Roll class:

"No Doubt is an American rock band from Anaheim, California, that formed in 1986, but it was the 1995 single "Just a Girl" that allowed the group to achieve mainstream commercial success, peaking at number 23 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100.

The song itself was written by lead singer Gwen Stefani in her exasperation over female stereotypes which portray women as weak and in need of a man to look after them.

In this live performance, Gwen's provocative and sexy theatrics heats up the crowd as they join in en masse, showing the kind of intensive concerts that made No Doubt one of the best live performance bands of the 1990s."
1970s: Hippie Aesthetic, Corporate Rock, Disco, and Punk
British Blues-Based Bands and the Roots of Heavy Metal
American Blues Rock and Southern Rock
The Era of Progressive Rock
Jazz Rock in the 70s
Theatrical Rock: KISS, Bowie, and Alice Cooper
American Singer-Songwriters of the 70s
British and Canadian Singer-Songwriters
Country Rock's Influence on 1970s Music
Black Pop in the 1970s
Sly Stone and His Influence on Black Pop, Funk, and Psychedelic Soul
Motown in the 1970s
Philadelphia Sound and Soul Train
Blaxploitation Soundtracks
The Uniqueness of James Brown
Bob Marley and the Rise of Reggae
The Backlash Against Disco
1975-1980: The Rise of the Mega-Αlbum
Continuity Bands in the 1970s
Rock and Roll in the Second Half of the 1970s
U.S. Punk 1967-1975
1974-77: Punk in the UK
American New Wave 1977-80
British New Wave 1977-80
The Hippie Aesthetic: 1966-1980
The Rise of MTV
Michael Jackson: MTV's Unexpected Boon
Madonna as Disruptive Shock Artist
Prince and Janet Jackson
Other Groups Who Benefited from MTV
1980s New Traditionalists and New Wave
1980s New Acts, Old Styles and Blue-Eyed Soul
1970s Progressive Rock Adapts to the 80s
1980's Heavy Metal
1980s Heavy Metal and L.A. Hair Bands
1980s Ambitious Heavy Metal
The Beginning of Rap
1980s: Rap Crosses Over to Mainstream
Late 1980s Hard Core Rap
Punk Goes Hardcore
Late 80s Indie Rock Underground
1990s: The Rise of Alternative Rock
1990s Indie Rock and the Question of Selling Out
1990s Metal and Alternative Extensions
Hip-Hop in the 1990s
Classic Rock of the 1990s
1990s Jam Bands and Britpop
Female Singer-Songwriters of the 1990s
The Rise of Teen Idols in the 1990s
1990s Dance Music