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Notes on video lecture:
725 BC: The Fall of Israel to Assyria
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
Damascus, revolt, independence, Rezin, Omrides, deposed, Ostracon, 9th, Sargon, petty, Judah, besieges, Arameans, deportations, Tiglath, Biblical, wine, Hosea, weakened, changed, catastrophic, falls, tribute, Levant, Damascus, traditions, Nimrud, Rezin, Shalmaneser, vassals, reduced, David
the                  played a more prominent role than the Assyrians for most of the        century BC
this situation slowly               
Black Obelisk of                        III
thought to display the earliest ancient depiction of a                  figure - Jehu King of Israel
803 BC: Assyrian king laid siege to                 
this                  the area
enabled Jehoash and Jeroboam II to reconquer some of the lost territories in the Galilee and Transjordan areas
regained some of the prosperity that the                had enjoyed
Israel Kings that reigned from 787-747 BC
Jehoash and Jeroboam II
subserviant to Assyria
paid tribute to Assyria as               
prosperity of this era was due to increased olive and          production
receipts for the delivery of wine and oil
inscriptions attest to the centrality of Yahweh
              -Pileser III (745 BC - 727 BC)
within 25 years, most of the kingdoms of the              had been conquered
capital of Isreal was about 25 times smaller than             , the capital of the Assyrian Empire
at first Israel remained loyal to Assyria
King Manachem of Israel
746-737 BC
paid 37 tons of silver to Assyria in order to maintain Israel's                         
the way he came up with that money is in 2 Kings 15:19-20, "from all the very wealthy, from each man fifty shekels of silver"
733-732 BC
states of Levant form a coalition led by King            of Aram-Damascus and King Pekah of Israel
tried to force the king of Judah to join their side
Biblical account
2 Kings 16:5-9
5 Then Rezin king of Aram and Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel marched up to fight against Jerusalem and besieged Ahaz, but they could not overpower him. 6 At that time,            king of Aram recovered Elath for Aram by driving out the people of Judah. Edomites then moved into Elath and have lived there to this day. 7 Ahaz sent messengers to say to Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria, "I am your servant and vassal. Come up and save me out of the hand of the king of Aram and of the king of Israel, who are attacking me." 8 And Ahaz took the silver and gold found in the temple of the Lord and in the treasuries of the royal palace and sent it as a gift to the king of Assyria. 9 The king of Assyria complied by attacking                  and capturing it. He deported its inhabitants to Kir and put Rezin to death.
Isaiah 7:1-9
1 When Ahaz son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, was king of Judah, King Rezin of Aram and Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel marched up to fight against Jerusalem, but they could not overpower it. 2 Now the house of            was told, "Aram has allied itself with Ephraim"; so the hearts of Ahaz and his people were shaken, as the trees of the forest are shaken by the wind. 3 Then the Lord said to Isaiah, "Go out, you and your son Shear-Jashub, to meet Ahaz at the end of the aqueduct of the Upper Pool, on the road to the Launderer's Field. 4 Say to him, "Be careful, keep calm and don't be afraid. Do not lose heart because of these two smoldering stubs of firewood—because of the fierce anger of Rezin and Aram and of the son of Remaliah. 5 Aram, Ephraim and Remaliah’s son have plotted your ruin, saying, 6 "Let us invade           ; let us tear it apart and divide it among ourselves, and make the son of Tabeel king over it." 7 Yet this is what the Sovereign Lord says: "It will not take place, it will not happen, 8 for the head of Aram is Damascus, and the head of Damascus is only Rezin. Within sixty-five years Ephraim will be too shattered to be a people. 9 The head of Ephraim is Samaria, and the head of Samaria is only Remaliah's son. If you do not stand firm in your faith, you will not stand at all.
Israel was                back to core territories
a            kingdom surrounding the city of Samaria
one has to be skeptical of the Biblical claim that it was Ahaz that brought Tiglath-Pileser to the land
however, we know from Assyrian records that Ahaz paid                to the Assyrians
King of Israel Pekah was                by the Assyrians and replaced with           
Tiglath-Pileser claims to have done this himself
exacts from him a yearly tribute of gold and silver
727 BC: death of Tiglath-Pileser
Hosea attempted a              with the help of Egypt
the decision was a                          one
Shalmaneser V, son and successor of Tiglath-Pileser
                 Samaria for several months
722-720 Samaria conquered, kingdom of Israel           
             II was the one who conquered, and records say he took men to man his chariots
rebuilt town of Samaria better than it was before
place officer as governor over them
citizens counted among the citizens of Assyria, and they also had to pay tribute
Assyrians began to rule in Samaria
although there were                         , many people were left in Israel to carry on its                     , and the formation of some of the Biblical writings


######################### (860-800 BC)
King of Judah, first Judahite king to be descended from both the House of David and the House of Omri
  • the sole surviving son of Ahaziah after the massacre of the royal family ordered by his grandmother, Athaliah
######################### (840-782 BC)
King of the ancient Kingdom of Israel
  • according to the second book of Kings, Jehoash was sinful and did evil in the eyes of Yahweh for tolerating the worship of the golden calves
######################### (786-746 BC)
Son and successor of Jehoash of Israel, 14th King of Israel
  • his reign was contemporary with Amaziah and Uzziah, kings of Judah.
######################### (745-727 BC)
King of Assyria who introduced advanced civil, military, and political systems into the Neo-Assyrian Empire
  • seized the Assyrian throne during a civil war and killed the royal family
  • made sweeping changes to the Assyrian government, considerably improving its efficiency and security
  • subjugated much of the known world at the time
  • discouraged revolts against Assyrian rule with the use of forced deportations of thousands of people all over the empire

Spelling Corrections:


Ideas and Concepts:

From the pre-programmed confusion department, via tonight's Bible History class: "Jehoash (860-800 BC), King of Judah, not to be confused with Jehoash (840-782 BC) King of Israel."
The Merneptah Stele: The Oldest Reference to Israel
Canaan as Outback between Mesopotamia and Egypt Civilization Centers
The Three Centers of Early Jewish History
The Amarna Letters and Egypt's Presence in Canaan During the New Kingdom
The End of Egyptian Imperial Control
Maps of Historical Biblical Regions
Interview with Bill Deaver
Israel, Judah, and the Campaign of Shishak
The Omride Dynasty
725 BC: The Fall of Israel to Assyria
The Kingdom of Judah and Sennacherib
The Fall of Judah
The History of Israel According to Genesis and Exodus
Archaeological Theories on the History of Israel
The Rise of the Iron Age Kingdoms
Bronze Age vs. Iron Age Material Culture
History of the Central Highland States
Judah After the Babylonian Conquest
Factors Leading to the Depopulation Of Israel
The Elephantine Papyri
Judahite Communities in Babylon
Ezra-Nehemiah and Haggai on Temple Rebuilding
The Biblical Project
From the Bible to the Sumerian King List
Genesis Chapter 26: Isaac, Abimelek and Rebekah
The Biblical Authors' Portrayal of Women and Heroism
The Bible's Treatment of Heroic Death
Portrayal of Death in the Bible