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Notes on video lecture:
The End of Egyptian Imperial Control
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
Qadesh, defeated, New, sovereignty, 1050BC, Egypt, Thebes, impera, Philistine, end, concern, frenzied, inwards, Persian, Judah, Akhenaten, Hittites, corruption, grace, Levant, Edom, Sea, Assyrian, Anatolia
300 years after the fall of the Egyptian        Kingdom
the states of Israel and            to take shape
also Aram Damascus, Ammon, Moab, and         
at fall of New Kingdom (            )
the reforms of                    had drawn Egypt out of international affairs
Ramside Period (ending of the New Kingdom up to 1050BC)
Egypt started to make its presence felt again in the             
by this time, the Hittites in                  (modern Turkey) had extended their sphere of influence
Ramesses II had to hold them in check
he did this in the Battle of             
established with the                  a balance of power
Ramesses' son Merneptah
had campaigned in Canaan
Merneptah's claim on the Merneptah Stele was that "Israel is                 , Israel is no longer"
despite this claim, Israel grew into a state that fought wars long after Merneptah
scholars debate whether Merneptah actually campaigned in Canaan
whatever the case may be, this claim about Israel shows Egypt's lack of                of the peoples living up in this area
Egypt is starting to give up its interest in Canaan
Egypt's strategy was "divide et             ", keep the tribes down and against each other so they can't unite
the rule of Ramesses and Merneptah was the beginning of the        of Egyptian rule
a catastrophic collapse of the contemporary world systems
climate change
internal unrest
Assyrian, Hittite courts had problems at home
the coup de            to this already unstable geopolitical structure: "The        Peoples"
from the Aegean and Mediterranean worlds
reflected in confused and                  images of Egyptian art from the period
Ramesses III claims to have conquered various groups
but it is suggested that he didn't conquer them but allowed them to reside near Egypt
the forming of the five                      city-states on the Mediterranean coast
de facto demise of an Egyptian province in Canaan
the Bible describes many conflicts between these city-states and Israel
1155 Ramesses III dies
Egypt beset by
low Nile flood levels
civil unrest
increasing power of the priests at             
incessant bickering in the court
regionalization of cultures
society has turned its attention               
operated on a much more confined political sphere
caused a power vacuum
breathing room in which new peoples could emerge on the scene
Israel, Judah, and their neighbors
this is the case for three centuries, but then new empires emerge
meant the end of Judah and Israel
Egypt also wanted to use these states as a bulwark between them and the Assyrian and Babylonian armies
                 Empire (9th-7th centuries)
Babylonian Empire (6th century)
               Empire (6th-4th century)
all of these empires focused their goals on           
this meant that the city-states in the Levant land bridge would have to forfeit their                       


######################### (1303-1213 BC)
The "Great Ancestor" pharaoh who reasserted Egyptian control in the north over Canaan and in the south into Nubia
  • often regarded as the greatest, most celebrated, and most powerful pharaoh of the Egyptian Empire
  • third pharaoh of the 19th dynasty
######################### (1217-1155 BC)
The last great New Kingdom king to wield any substantial authority over Egypt
  • 2nd Pharaoh of the 20th Dynasty
The Merneptah Stele: The Oldest Reference to Israel
Canaan as Outback between Mesopotamia and Egypt Civilization Centers
The Three Centers of Early Jewish History
The Amarna Letters and Egypt's Presence in Canaan During the New Kingdom
The End of Egyptian Imperial Control
Maps of Historical Biblical Regions
Interview with Bill Deaver
Israel, Judah, and the Campaign of Shishak
The Omride Dynasty
725 BC: The Fall of Israel to Assyria
The Kingdom of Judah and Sennacherib
The Fall of Judah
The History of Israel According to Genesis and Exodus
Archaeological Theories on the History of Israel
The Rise of the Iron Age Kingdoms
Bronze Age vs. Iron Age Material Culture
History of the Central Highland States
Judah After the Babylonian Conquest
Factors Leading to the Depopulation Of Israel
The Elephantine Papyri
Judahite Communities in Babylon
Ezra-Nehemiah and Haggai on Temple Rebuilding
The Biblical Project
From the Bible to the Sumerian King List
Genesis Chapter 26: Isaac, Abimelek and Rebekah
The Biblical Authors' Portrayal of Women and Heroism
The Bible's Treatment of Heroic Death
Portrayal of Death in the Bible