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Notes on video lecture:
Canaan as Outback between Mesopotamia and Egypt Civilization Centers
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
empires, stratified, Biblical, Battle, Nippur, magical, Near, water, inhabited, Israel, rivers, ziggurats, fourth, Nile, Egypt, Canaan, population, writing, both, temple, armies, pivotal, rivers, destruction, walls
many references of early Israel are found in           
defeat, subjugation, conquest and                        stand at the beginning of Israel's history
these kinds of events also mark the                events in Israel's history
Israel's experience of defeat is closely tied to the rise and fall of empires throughout the ancient          East
so to understand the history of Israel, you need to understand the                throughout history in this part of the world
some of the most ancient cities and settlements in human history are found within the land of             
most people know this city from the              of Jericho
Joshua 6:1-27, the first battle of the Israelites during their conquest of Canaan, according to the narrative, the            of Jericho fell after Joshua's Israelite army marched around the city blowing their trumpets
Jericho had been                    since 10,000 BC
wall of 3.6 meters high and 1.8 meters wide
impressive settlements there continued for millenia
according to the                  account, Israel conquered this Canaanite city in the late Bronze Age (3300-1200 BC) but by that time, the city had become basically a village
Canaan cannot be said to be a center of ancient Near Eastern civilization
not where we witness major technological advancements, erection of pyramids and                   , organization of huge             , or the invention of               
to find these things we need to look to places that had more abundant and reliable            sources
for Egypt, this is the         
an impressive civilization developed, beginning in the late              millennium
for Mesopotamia, which means "the land between the             ", it was the Tigris and Euphrates
here the Sumerian people developed writing in the fourth millennium
cities such as Kish, Uruk, Ur, Lagash,             , Girsu
developed highly                      and complex societies
the complexities of these societies is due to their                      size
made possible by the presence of             
writing was invented and adopted for administrative and accounting purposes, mostly for              economies
writing later takes on more                and commemorative functions
so              throughout the Bronze Age had two much more advanced civilizations arising on          sides, to the east in Mesopotamia, and to the south west in Egypt


execration text, n. ancient Egyptian hieratic texts, listing enemies of the Pharaoh, most often enemies of the Egyptian state or troublesome foreign neighbors  "Egyptian execration texts call for the destruction of various places putting curses on these places, and the Merneptah Stele announces the demise of Israel at the hand of an Egyptian ruler, Merneptah."
ziggurat, n. a massive structure built in the ancient Mesopotamian valley and western Iranian plateau, having the form of a terraced step pyramid of successively receding stories or levels  "Canaan is not where we witness major technological advancements or the erection of pyramids and ziggurats."

Spelling Corrections:

The Merneptah Stele: The Oldest Reference to Israel
Canaan as Outback between Mesopotamia and Egypt Civilization Centers
The Three Centers of Early Jewish History
The Amarna Letters and Egypt's Presence in Canaan During the New Kingdom
The End of Egyptian Imperial Control
Maps of Historical Biblical Regions
Interview with Bill Deaver
Israel, Judah, and the Campaign of Shishak
The Omride Dynasty
725 BC: The Fall of Israel to Assyria
The Kingdom of Judah and Sennacherib
The Fall of Judah
The History of Israel According to Genesis and Exodus
Archaeological Theories on the History of Israel
The Rise of the Iron Age Kingdoms
Bronze Age vs. Iron Age Material Culture
History of the Central Highland States
Judah After the Babylonian Conquest
Factors Leading to the Depopulation Of Israel
The Elephantine Papyri
Judahite Communities in Babylon
Ezra-Nehemiah and Haggai on Temple Rebuilding
The Biblical Project
From the Bible to the Sumerian King List
Genesis Chapter 26: Isaac, Abimelek and Rebekah
The Biblical Authors' Portrayal of Women and Heroism
The Bible's Treatment of Heroic Death
Portrayal of Death in the Bible