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Notes on video lecture:
The History of Israel According to Genesis and Exodus
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
Abraham, Mesopotamian, Joshua, tribe, mythical, coexistence, slay, neighbors, Gad, political, Levant, Kings, opposite, Egypt, force, narrative, marginal, military, presupposes, Jordan, Moses, Moabite, collective, indigenous, genealogical, complex, became, marriages, ancestors, Canaan, origins, conquest, Jacob, historical
Biblical history runs from the Book of Genesis to the Book of           
presents Israel as naturally evolving from the family of                to a prodigious nation consisting of twelve tribes
twelve sons of Abraham's grandson            whose name was changed to Israel
but this Biblical description is not                     
at least not in its basic contours
most scholars believe that the 12 tribes were original regions or populations in the Southern             
some were related to Abraham but most were not
their ancestors were not all originally sons of Jacob
the way they became affiliated with Israel is a                history
differs for each           
rarely can we reconstruct that history with much detail
Tribe of       
7th son of Jacob
from an inscription from the neighboring kingdom of Moab dating to about 840 BCE
tells how the                king Mesha freed himself from the political control of the king of Israel
this Stele's text refers "the men of Gad"
in the Bible
Gad as a place
1 Samuel 13:7
2 Samuel 24:3
refer to "the Gad" as an area across the              known as the Gilead##gilead
Gad as a tribe
other parts of the Bible
a tribe that later settled in the region across the Jordan
Biblical identity construction
Biblical authors take a population that came to be part of Israel through conquest or political negotiations and define them as full                          members of Israel claiming that their name goes back to one of Jacob's twelve sons
what the Biblical authors portray as a family history is actually a result of a complex                    process by which regions and populations came to be identified as one people
sometimes multiple histories are connected to form a single narrative
older building blocks that the Biblical authors used to create the narratives of Israel's history
1. The Book of Genesis
the Book of Genesis tells a history of Israel that is autochthonous, i.e. of                      people
this book is more about the                of the people that make up Israel
beautiful stories of births,                   , struggles within the households
has a more                  quality
long before there were territorial states with social hierarchies
the emphasis is on peaceful                       
more peace treaties with neighbors and purchases of land rather than taking lands through                 
one exception is when Abraham goes to war with the                          kings
they attack Sodom and Gomorrah
Abraham protects Sodom and Gomorrah
2. The Book of Exodus
Israel coming from Egypt and entering              under the leadership of Moses and Joshua
books of Exodus to Joshua
the received versions of these books contains a lot of later material
the book of Exodus beginning with chapter 2 with the birth of            tells an account of Israel's history
continues to the book of             
the story of how the nation of Israel escapes oppression in            and finds a new home in Canaan, the promised land
this history was originally separate from the account in the preceding book Genesis
it                        the existence of the Israeli people as captive and oppressed in Isreal
when they enter Canaan, they are not returning to the land of their                   
since the account does not contain an account of the patriarchs and matriarchs listed in Genesis
the history of Israel in Exodus is for the most part the                  of Genesis
authors are not interested in how Israel              Israel
presuppose its existence as a                  people in Egypt
they need a land
they voyage to Canaan as a                      people
when they arrive, they do not buy land or make peace with the peoples there
they arm themselves and take the country by           
instead of viewing the inhabitants of this land as their kin, they conquer and          them
this history presents a much more                  model
Israel has nothing in common with its                   
the Biblical authors combined the stories as one                   
Genesis tells the story of their original patriarchs and matriarchs
Exodus tells the story of a return to where they once lived

Vocabulary:

autochthonous, n. indigenous rather than descended from migrants or colonists  "In contrast to the book of Exodus, the Book of Genesis tells a history of Israel that is autochthonous."

Spelling Corrections:

geneologicalgenealogical

Ideas and Concepts:

On the differences between Biblical narrative and archeological research, via tonight's History of the Bible course: "Biblical identity construction is a term which Biblical scholars give to the historical phenomenon in which Biblical authors take a population that had come to be part of Israel through conquest or political negotiations and redefine them as full genealogical members of Israel claiming that their name goes back to one of Jacob's twelve sons, as we see in the case of the Tribe of Gad where the Mesha Stele differentiates between the kingdom of Israel and the tribe of Gad, presenting Gad as predating Israel in the lands east of the Jordan. Seen historically, what Biblical authors portray as a family history, is actually the result of a complex political process by which regions and populations came to be identified as one people."
The Merneptah Stele: The Oldest Reference to Israel
Canaan as Outback between Mesopotamia and Egypt Civilization Centers
The Three Centers of Early Jewish History
The Amarna Letters and Egypt's Presence in Canaan During the New Kingdom
The End of Egyptian Imperial Control
Maps of Historical Biblical Regions
Interview with Bill Deaver
Israel, Judah, and the Campaign of Shishak
The Omride Dynasty
725 BC: The Fall of Israel to Assyria
The Kingdom of Judah and Sennacherib
The Fall of Judah
The History of Israel According to Genesis and Exodus
Archaeological Theories on the History of Israel
The Rise of the Iron Age Kingdoms
Bronze Age vs. Iron Age Material Culture
History of the Central Highland States
Judah After the Babylonian Conquest
Factors Leading to the Depopulation Of Israel
The Elephantine Papyri
Judahite Communities in Babylon
Ezra-Nehemiah and Haggai on Temple Rebuilding
The Biblical Project
From the Bible to the Sumerian King List
Genesis Chapter 26: Isaac, Abimelek and Rebekah
The Biblical Authors' Portrayal of Women and Heroism
The Bible's Treatment of Heroic Death
Portrayal of Death in the Bible