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Notes on video lecture:
The Rise of the Iron Age Kingdoms
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
enemies, king, different, Canaan, Bronze, complex, Samuel, Jacob, produced, Rehoboam, urban, warlords, United, judges, military, poorer, sophisticated, Philistines, construe, state, periodization, Levant, archeological, composite, continuity, writing, disappeared, Pentateuch, lowlands, battles, ceramic, rural, history, Ishbaal, Rachel, armies
most Biblical archeologists and historians of ancient Israel no longer work with the                            of the Biblical narrative
Biblical narrative
the patriarchs
Abraham, Isaac,           
the matriarchs
Sarah, Rebekah, Leah and             
exodus from Egypt
conquest of             
have instead recognized that the Biblical narrative is a                    piece
was composed over time from sources that reflect many                    understandings of Israel's history
look at a wide range of evidence
the important is the                            record
many sites throughout the southern             
there is a dichotomy between the                  and the highlands
corresponds to significant changes at the end of the late              age throughout the Iron Age (e.g. 1000 BC - 600 BC range)
from                pottery remains
can identify a                      from Iron Age I (1200-1000 BC) to Iron Age II (1000 BC - 586 BC, or the conquest of Judah)
lack of decorations
absence of imported wares
the Iron Age begins as a              period than the earlier Bronze Age
during the early Iron Age, the culture of the lowlands was much more                            than the highlands
but the poorer populations from the highland sites grew into a sophisticated society with formidable              that conquered many territories
period of the              and united monarchy
few scholars think anymore in terms of the patriarchs, matriarchs, exodus, and conquest
but they do think in terms of
period of the judges
from Book of Judges
period of the              Monarchy
from Books of             
the Book of Judges, Samuel, and Kings
written by authors that are living at a time that is closer to the time about which they               
describe a reality that is more                and realistic
unlike the legends in the                      and the Book of Joshua
United Monarchy (1050-930 BC)
the United Monarchy was formed when there was a large popular expression in favor of introducing a          to rule over the previously decentralized Israelite tribal confederacy
rulers were: Saul,               , David, and Solomon
on the succession of Solomon's son,                 , in 930 BC the biblical account reports that the country split into two kingdoms
Kingdom of Israel (north)
Kingdom of Judah (south)
if we want an accurate understanding of the                of Israel
we need to think critically about the way the authors of the Book of Judges                  the period of the Judges that follows the age of Joshua and which precedes the period of the United Monarchy
a more responsible way to approach Israel's history is to look for signs of            formation and centralization
we can see a continuity from Iron Age I (1200-1000 BC) to Iron Age II (1000 BC - 586 BC, or the conquest of Judah)
we see extreme changes in            settlements in the same region
almost all of the small settlements                        at the end of Iron Age I
Iron Age II was when we start to witness the rise of centralized states in the highlands
most of the new rural settlements did not continue from the earlier period of Iron Age I
suggests that a                  threat was prompting the settlements in the countryside to seek refuge in larger, fortified places
perhaps by the                        along the coast
this was supported by the European historical model that states are caused by common               
and from the Biblical accounts from the Book of Samuel, which depicts Israel's first king Saul in                with the Philistines
it might be more accurate to think also in terms of a wide variety of                  in the hill country fighting amongst themselves
in any case, by the time this process of ran its course, it had                  the kingdoms of Israel and Judah
           centers that grew up in the Iron Age and reached their peak in the 8th century and for Judah in the south in the 7th century
Beth Shemesh

Spelling Corrections:

The Merneptah Stele: The Oldest Reference to Israel
Canaan as Outback between Mesopotamia and Egypt Civilization Centers
The Three Centers of Early Jewish History
The Amarna Letters and Egypt's Presence in Canaan During the New Kingdom
The End of Egyptian Imperial Control
Maps of Historical Biblical Regions
Interview with Bill Deaver
Israel, Judah, and the Campaign of Shishak
The Omride Dynasty
725 BC: The Fall of Israel to Assyria
The Kingdom of Judah and Sennacherib
The Fall of Judah
The History of Israel According to Genesis and Exodus
Archaeological Theories on the History of Israel
The Rise of the Iron Age Kingdoms
Bronze Age vs. Iron Age Material Culture
History of the Central Highland States
Judah After the Babylonian Conquest
Factors Leading to the Depopulation Of Israel
The Elephantine Papyri
Judahite Communities in Babylon
Ezra-Nehemiah and Haggai on Temple Rebuilding
The Biblical Project
From the Bible to the Sumerian King List
Genesis Chapter 26: Isaac, Abimelek and Rebekah
The Biblical Authors' Portrayal of Women and Heroism
The Bible's Treatment of Heroic Death
Portrayal of Death in the Bible