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Notes on video lecture:
Factors Leading to the Depopulation Of Israel
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
Nehemiah, palace, executions, challenges, worst, writings, Ashdod, locusts, 22, antiquity, undermined, unearthed, water, East, Samaria, burials, children, foreigners, inadvertently, siege, epidemics, intact, Manasseh, develop, planting, salt, Hezekiah, husband, struggling, balance, refugees, capitulated, depopulation, high, heads, Babylonia, identity, winter, Babylon, Byblos, life, municipal, fruit, Kings, Judahites
how can we explain the demographic decline of Judah after the                    conquest
where did everyone go?
were they all deported to               ?
wars in                   
death tolls were usually quite         , due to:
lack evacuation
lack medicine
lack of sanitation
in Judah, wars usually meant people in countryside taking refuge behind                    fortifications in cities
waiting it out
contributed to death toll
long after enemy had returned home, the population was still                      to survive
invading army sought to destroy the          support systems of their enemy city
cutting off or polluting the            sources
laying the fields to waste
cutting down            trees and orchards that took many years to grow
sowing          in the ground
what an invading army did not intentionally destroy was often                            ruined
if the fields were not regularly ploughed,                could hatch and become catastrophic plagues
years of siege interfered with the delicate                of tilling, planting and harvesting
Rib-Adda, example from 14 century BCE
king of              during the mid fourteenth century BCE, known from the Amarna Letters
Amarna letter to Egyptian rule
he is trapped in his city like a bird in a cage
enemy was at his doorstep,                  is impossible
for lack of cultivation, my field is like a woman without a               
people had sold household objects and                  to buy provisions
starvation during             
once there is collapse of governmental administration
no police
safety is                     
voluntary migrations to places where conditions were better
once city had                       
invading army would often perform public                     
usually elites and administrative officials
people in the             
often indiscriminate
we have some attestations of such                from the 8th century
Fall of             
successful Egyptian assault on the city of Ashdod in Palestine in around 635 BC
known of through Greek historian Herodotus
during wars with Assyria
2,444 remains of human beings                   
    % of them were less than 15 years of age when they died
other finds show that            were separated from bodies
deportations may have led to                         
but are many other factors as above
Book of Jeremiah
                   fleeing across the Jordan after the Babylonian conquest
made their way to Egypt
a place that                  fled in times of political turmoil and natural catastrophes
the reason that hear these stories in the Bible is that the Biblical authors regard the abandonment of the promised land is one of the            things imaginable
deportations in the Assyrian empire
moved subjugated populations around their empire
moving them to regions which they wanted to               
King chapter 17
Assyrians brought populations from the          and settled them in Israel's territories
likely did this in the northern regions of Israel
they may have done this in Judah as well when they went to war against                  (ruled 715-686 BC)
the reason the Biblical authors do not tell us whether the Assyrians brought in people into Judah
the Judahite authors were in competition with the people in               
by claiming that people in the north were foreigners, they could deal an deal an ideological blow to their competitors in Samaria
Samaria: based on the borders of the biblical Northern Kingdom of Israel and especially the Israelite tribes of Ephraim and                 
the rivalry between Jerusalem and Samaria was one of the major communal                      that Biblical authors face
it was useful for them to say that the population of Israel were actually                     
they can say that these were not true Israelites
this is just the Book of           
this view is also expressed a bit in Ezra and                 
even if the Assyrians practiced deportations on a much larger scale than the Babylonians
we should not image that they deports any more than 20% of the population
they kept families              and moved ethnic groups together
this means:
1. we must imagine many communities that persisted in the former territory of the Kingdom of Israel who contributed substantially to the formation of the Biblical                 
2. the deported Israelite families and communities most likely maintained their                  over generations and came into contact with Judahites which had been deported into various places in Mesopotamia
The Merneptah Stele: The Oldest Reference to Israel
Canaan as Outback between Mesopotamia and Egypt Civilization Centers
The Three Centers of Early Jewish History
The Amarna Letters and Egypt's Presence in Canaan During the New Kingdom
The End of Egyptian Imperial Control
Maps of Historical Biblical Regions
Interview with Bill Deaver
Israel, Judah, and the Campaign of Shishak
The Omride Dynasty
725 BC: The Fall of Israel to Assyria
The Kingdom of Judah and Sennacherib
The Fall of Judah
The History of Israel According to Genesis and Exodus
Archaeological Theories on the History of Israel
The Rise of the Iron Age Kingdoms
Bronze Age vs. Iron Age Material Culture
History of the Central Highland States
Judah After the Babylonian Conquest
Factors Leading to the Depopulation Of Israel
The Elephantine Papyri
Judahite Communities in Babylon
Ezra-Nehemiah and Haggai on Temple Rebuilding
The Biblical Project
From the Bible to the Sumerian King List
Genesis Chapter 26: Isaac, Abimelek and Rebekah
The Biblical Authors' Portrayal of Women and Heroism
The Bible's Treatment of Heroic Death
Portrayal of Death in the Bible