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Notes on video lecture:
The Fall of Judah
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
neighbors, religious, Lachish, prove, Hezekiah, Amon, reorganized, Nebuchanezzar, Egypt, Levant, Moabites, Judah, changed, prosperity, bad, elites, unfolds, execution, revolt, Isiah, Canaan, Sargon, Joachim, Assyrian, deities, vilifies, reforms, imperial, Hebrew, Josiah, Jerusalem, signal, Jeremiah
Manasseh of            (697-643 BC)
son of                 
55 year reign
the Bible                  him
Judah had a steadfast loyalty to the Assyrian empire
resulted in remarkable                     
King              (reign 640–609 BC)
properity                under his reign
began reigning as a boy (age 8) in 640 BCE
father was King         
instituted major reforms
credited by most historians with having established or compiled important              Scriptures during the Deuteronomic reform
when he came of age, he wanted to            himself as a king
the                  Empire was subsiding so he had a lot of room to do this
according to the Bible, enacted religious               
2 Kings 22-23
historians suggest that he was attempting to consolidate his realm
would have affected the way the imperial palace expressed its loyalty to the Assyrian authorities and to the                  gods
followed in the steps of Hezekiah
like him tried to rally his subjects around powerful symbols such as national               
in the case of Judah this was Yahweh
did not die peacefully
executed by the Egyptian Pharaoh Necho II
Necho placed                (joh-ah-KEEM) on the throne
609-597 BCE
the final years of the Kingdome of Judah
605                            had defeated the Assyrians
proceded to make his way down toward           
601 BCE Necho II stops him
inspired Joachim to join forces with Egypt
a        decision
597 BCE Nebuchanezzar
attacked                   
deported Jeconiah and              from Jerusalem to Babylon
the Biblical account is supported by the Babylonia Chronicle
although it does not mention the names of the kings themselves
burnt Jerusalem to the ground
the reason was Judah's attempt to             
seen historically the attempt to rebel was foolish, inspired by a                    fervor
going back to the memories of divine salvation during the years of Hezekiah and           
Biblical books had purported Hezekiah was saved by a divine miracle from the armies of Sennacherib (son of              II)
in the Book of                  you can read about these events in legendary form
Jeremiah insists on bowing down to Babylon so that they could live and see another day
his opponents, some more respected prophets of Yahweh than he was, denied that Yahweh would allow Jerusalem to be conquered as during the days of Hezekiah
others believed there was a good chance of resisting if they joined with the forces of the                   
Ammonites,                 , Edomites, Phoenicians
archeological record contains firsthand witnesses to this period
               letter
a letter which stated that one city could no longer see the              fires from neighboring cities
a way they communicated with each other
"we see signal of Lachish but not Azekah"
Biblical account
the Babylonia armies destroyed Jerusalem and deported its population
King Zedekiah's eyes gouged out by the Babylonians
the final thing he is allowed to see is the                    of his own sons before he is deported
the formation of Israel and Judah as kingdoms
imperial centers in Mesopotamia and Egypt
evacuate the             
create breathing space for the states in the Levant to emerge and develop
this is the gap in time when Judah and Israel become states and kingdoms
also the time when most of the Biblical history               
Israel, Judah and neighboring kingdoms enjoyed several centuries of existence
until Mesopotamia and Egypt                        themselves
slowly expanded their borders
met each other on the land bridge of the Levant
Egypt was no long able to make its presence felt in             
the small kingdoms of the Levant were left in ruins
were not able to hold there own against the great civilization centers of the ancient world

People:

King Jeconiah (660-580 BC)
[jek-oh-NIGH-ah]
The king of Judah who was dethroned by the King of Babylon and taken into captivity
  • was the son and successor of King Jehoiakim
  • most of what is known about Jeconiah is found in the Hebrew Bible
  • tablets found in Iraq were excavated his Jeconiah's food ration tablets
  • raiders killed his king father, and he reigned for three months
  • seized by Nebuchadnezzar II's armies
  • Nebuchadnezzar's intent was to take high class Judahite captives and assimilate them into Babylonian society
  • while in captivity, the deported Jews still regarded Jeconiah as their legitimate king

Ideas and Concepts:

Local etymological unclarity learned via this morning's History of the Bible class: "It is unclear if the inner city district of Berlin called "Moabit" was named by the French Huguenots who settled in Berlin under Frederick William I and named the area after the Biblical reference to the Moabites who lived in the Kingdom of Moab where the Israelites stayed before being allowed to enter Canaan, or if the name comes from the word "Moorjebiet" meaning "swamp area" in Berlin dialect."
The Merneptah Stele: The Oldest Reference to Israel
Canaan as Outback between Mesopotamia and Egypt Civilization Centers
The Three Centers of Early Jewish History
The Amarna Letters and Egypt's Presence in Canaan During the New Kingdom
The End of Egyptian Imperial Control
Maps of Historical Biblical Regions
Interview with Bill Deaver
Israel, Judah, and the Campaign of Shishak
The Omride Dynasty
725 BC: The Fall of Israel to Assyria
The Kingdom of Judah and Sennacherib
The Fall of Judah
The History of Israel According to Genesis and Exodus
Archaeological Theories on the History of Israel
The Rise of the Iron Age Kingdoms
Bronze Age vs. Iron Age Material Culture
History of the Central Highland States
Judah After the Babylonian Conquest
Factors Leading to the Depopulation Of Israel
The Elephantine Papyri
Judahite Communities in Babylon
Ezra-Nehemiah and Haggai on Temple Rebuilding
The Biblical Project
From the Bible to the Sumerian King List
Genesis Chapter 26: Isaac, Abimelek and Rebekah
The Biblical Authors' Portrayal of Women and Heroism
The Bible's Treatment of Heroic Death
Portrayal of Death in the Bible