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Notes on video lecture:
The Forum of Augustus and the Temple of Mars
Notes taken by Edward Tanguay on February 18, 2014 (go to class or lectures)
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
Fori, Mars, judicial, Philippi, sheathed, hemicycles, 28, Roman, Subura, rectangular, park, reign
Forum Augustum
building this was on his mind from the beginning of his           
even though there were already two forums, the            Forum and the Forum of Julius Caesar, the population of Rome was growing as was the need to try                  cases
more likely Augustus before the Battle of                  where Octavian and Mark Antony joined to defeat Brutus and Longinus, Augustus vowed that if he won, he would build a temple to          the Avenger to help him avenge the death of Julius Caesar
that temple needed an environment, a common practice, hence a good excuse to build his forum around it
after the Battle of Actium, he had time
     BC begun
2 BC dedicated Temple of Mars
                       space, open to the sky
built it onto Caesar's Forum
colonnades
added two                     
Temple of Mars
Estrucan design
flat back wall
large porch
steps on the front
high podium
steps                  in Cararra marble
columns also made of Cararra marble
sculpture in the pediment
elaborate capitals
zoomorphic scultures on column capitals
seen these in Greece a bit earlier
the Via dei          Imperali built by Mussulini
plan is to remove this street again and reunite all of these archeological forums in some great archaeological          someday
precinct wall protecting the             : the rickety wooden structures of the city that could easily burn

Vocabulary:

hemicycle, n. a semicircular, or horseshoe shaped, debating chamber where deputies sit to discuss and pass legislation  "The only major change from Augustus' Forum from Julius Caesar's Forum was the addition of two hemicycles, one on either side of the forum."
pediment, n. a classical architectural element consisting of a triangular section or gable found above the horizontal superstructure which lies immediately upon the columns  "The building is circular with a portico of large granite Corinthian columns (eight in the first rank and two groups of four behind) under a pediment."
zoomorphic, adj. representative of animals, or of their characteristic forms, as a work of art, especially representing or symbolizing the conception of a god under the form of an animal whose characteristic traits or habits suggest the idea attached to the god  "Containers for water to wash with often took fantastic zoomorphic forms, surviving examples are mostly in brass."

Spelling Corrections:

collonadescolonnades
Romulus Founds Rome
The Temple of Jupiter OMC
The Servian Wall of Rome
Temple of Portunus in Rome and Temple of Hercules in Cori
The Increasing Greekification of Roman Temple Building
Opus Caementicum and Opus Incertum
Porticus Aemilia
Temple of Jupiter Anxur at Terracina
Tabularium and Theater of Marcellus
Bathing, Entertainment, and Housing in Roman Cities
Roman Tombs, Aqueducts and the Lasting Impact of Roman Architecture
Julius Caesar's Vision to Make Rome the Architectural Equal of Alexandria
Augustus and Luna Marble
The Forum of Augustus and the Temple of Mars
Ara Pacis Augustae
The Meier Museum and the Jewel of the Lungotevere
Tiberius' Villa Jovis on Capri
Caligula, Lighter Concrete, and the Underground Basilica
The Significance of Nero's Octagonal Room on Roman Architecture
Hadrian's Pantheon
The Flavian Amphitheater a.k.a. the Roman Colosseum
The Temple of Venus and Roma
The Arch of Titus
The 79 AD Ruins of Herculaneum
Early History of Pompeii