Lectures Watched
Since January 1, 2014
Hundreds of free, self-paced university courses available:
my recommendations here
Peruse my collection of 275
influential people of the past.
View My Class Notes via:
Receive My Class Notes via E-Mail:


Contact Me via E-Mail:
edward [at] tanguay.info
Notes on video lecture:
The Significance of Nero's Octagonal Room on Roman Architecture
Notes taken by Edward Tanguay on March 7, 2014 (go to class or lectures)
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
light, first, five, lake, voids, vistas, cement, private, Zenodorus, Fabullus, gimmicks, alcoves, Celer, rectangle, fire, Baia
64 AD: the great          of Rome
after the fire, Nero expropriated 300 acres of downtown real estate to build his                Golden House
dug an artificial         
only one part remains today on the Esquiline hill, which is why it is called the Esquiline wing
dozens of rooms around a         -sided courtyard
octagonal room
the single-most important room in Roman architecture
a series of radiating               , but much larger than the ones we saw in the frigidaria at Pompeii or in the thermal bath at         , and each one different
represents a break from the tyranny of the                   
creates              in every direction
fully realizes the technical and expressive and potentiality of Roman             
*** switches emphasis from solids to           , from walls and roofs to the insubstantial space they enclose and shape
***            now plays a key role, natural light that creates drama as well as illuminates
*** the heralds the Roman architectural revolution
quote from Nero when it was finished: "At last, I am going to be housed like a human being."
architects were Severus and            [kell-AIR]
this palace had a number of                 
125-foot statue of Nero himself
assimilated to the sun god Sol
done in bronze by                   
dining room
coffered ceilings would drop fragrances and flower petals onto you as you dined
gave you a choice of seawater or saltwater, or water from the sulfurous springs of Tivoli
banqueting room
ceiling that revolved with the heavenly bodies
paintings by                 
referred to as "Fabullus' prison" because it would take a lifetime to paint paintings for all the rooms
series of bridges that carry water from one part of the palace to another
much brick because they realized stone burned to easily
stuccoed over and painted
Romans because to use brick exposed but not yet in the            century


expropriate, v. to transfer another's property to oneself, and thereby depriving them of possession of it  "After the smoke of the 64 AD fire of Rome died down, Nero expropriated 300 acres of prime downtown property for his own use, for a private palace, the so-called Golden House."
coffer, n. [KAH-fer] in architecture, a decorative sunken panel in a ceiling, dome, soffit, or vault  "When you ate in the dining room of Nero's Golden Palace, the coffered ceilings would drop fragrances and flower petals onto you as you dined."
soffit, n. the visible underside of an arch, balcony, beam, cornice, staircase, vault or any other architectural element  "The soffit of the axial archway is deeply coffered with a relief of the apotheosis of Titus at the center."
cornice, n. horizontal molded projection that crowns or completes a building or wall  "Domestic buildings are often surmounted by a cornice."
alcove, n. a recessed portion of a room, or a small room opening into a larger one, such as a lateral recess in a library  "Nero's Octogonal Room has a series of radiating alcoves, but much larger than the ones we saw in the frigidaria at Pompeii or in the thermal bath at Baia."
lateral, adj. of, at, toward, or from the side or sides  "a lateral recess in a library"
Romulus Founds Rome
The Temple of Jupiter OMC
The Servian Wall of Rome
Temple of Portunus in Rome and Temple of Hercules in Cori
The Increasing Greekification of Roman Temple Building
Opus Caementicum and Opus Incertum
Porticus Aemilia
Temple of Jupiter Anxur at Terracina
Tabularium and Theater of Marcellus
Bathing, Entertainment, and Housing in Roman Cities
Roman Tombs, Aqueducts and the Lasting Impact of Roman Architecture
Julius Caesar's Vision to Make Rome the Architectural Equal of Alexandria
Augustus and Luna Marble
The Forum of Augustus and the Temple of Mars
Ara Pacis Augustae
The Meier Museum and the Jewel of the Lungotevere
Tiberius' Villa Jovis on Capri
Caligula, Lighter Concrete, and the Underground Basilica
The Significance of Nero's Octagonal Room on Roman Architecture
Hadrian's Pantheon
The Flavian Amphitheater a.k.a. the Roman Colosseum
The Temple of Venus and Roma
The Arch of Titus
The 79 AD Ruins of Herculaneum
Early History of Pompeii