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Notes on video lecture:
The Flavian Amphitheater a.k.a. the Roman Colosseum
Notes taken by Edward Tanguay on March 15, 2014 (go to class or lectures)
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
concrete, Pompeii, Marcellus, Roma, wooden, 50, revolving, elliptical, Etruscan, Constantine, Titus, travertine, discredit, lake, Vespasian, intersect, political, Nero, Ionic, Sol
the Colosseum
the most famous building constructed by                   
construction began in 70 AD, two years after Nero died
Vespasian died in 79 so never saw it complete
80 AD: his son            completed it and dedicated it to Vespasian
could hold     ,000 people
made of concrete
near the Arch of                       
near the Temple of Venus and         
location of the Colosseum
where it was sited shows how shrewd Vespasian was in establishing a                    agenda and courting the favor of the public
Vespasian razed to the ground the Golden House of         
despite the fact that it had been done by great architects
despite the fact that it had                    ceilings
to                    Nero
return the property to the Roman people
filled in the artificial          and built the Colosseum
originally called "The Flavian Amphitheater"
after the family name of the three emperors: Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian
not because of its colossal scale
because of the colossus, an extremely large statue originally of Nero taken from his palace
Vespasian had the features of Nero erased from the statue and had them made into those of the sun god       
architecture
                     plan
made of                 
series of radiating annular and barrel vaults
ramps and passage ways
similar to
the amphitheater in               
Theater of                    (12 BC) down the street
the architectural experiments here were important in building the Colosseum
since it was a theater it was semi-circular whereas the Colosseum was an amphitheater and thus elliptical
first floor
annular vaults rest on stone piers made of travertine
second floor
groin or ribbed vault
new form of vault that we haven't seen before this time
two barrel vaults that                   
can be seen as the continuation of architectural creativity begun with the innovations of Nero's Domus Aurea, mainly the free flow of space
today we find it stripped quite bare
but in its day it was highly decorated
exterior
had four stories where the Theater of Marcellus only had three
structure is concrete, the facing is                     
decorative columns (pilasters) on the first three stories as the Theater of Marcellus has
they do not hold the building up as they would have in Greek or                  architecture
the meaning of the columns is to conjure up Ancient Greece, using all the orders: 1st story Doric, 2nd story           , and 3rd and 4th stories Corinthian
the building is held up by the barrel and annular vaults that are made out of concrete
so these columns are pure decoration, but decoration that has an ideological connection
travertine blocks on top were used to support the              poles of an awning used for when it would rain

Vocabulary:

groin vault, n. a vault with unique angles formed by the intersection of two barrel vaults  "On the second floor of the Colosseum we see a new kind of vault never seen before this time, called the groin vault."

Spelling Corrections:

collosalcolossal
ampitheateramphitheater
Romulus Founds Rome
The Temple of Jupiter OMC
The Servian Wall of Rome
Temple of Portunus in Rome and Temple of Hercules in Cori
The Increasing Greekification of Roman Temple Building
Opus Caementicum and Opus Incertum
Porticus Aemilia
Temple of Jupiter Anxur at Terracina
Tabularium and Theater of Marcellus
Bathing, Entertainment, and Housing in Roman Cities
Roman Tombs, Aqueducts and the Lasting Impact of Roman Architecture
Julius Caesar's Vision to Make Rome the Architectural Equal of Alexandria
Augustus and Luna Marble
The Forum of Augustus and the Temple of Mars
Ara Pacis Augustae
The Meier Museum and the Jewel of the Lungotevere
Tiberius' Villa Jovis on Capri
Caligula, Lighter Concrete, and the Underground Basilica
The Significance of Nero's Octagonal Room on Roman Architecture
Hadrian's Pantheon
The Flavian Amphitheater a.k.a. the Roman Colosseum
The Temple of Venus and Roma
The Arch of Titus
The 79 AD Ruins of Herculaneum
Early History of Pompeii