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Notes on video lecture:
The Temple of Venus and Roma
Notes taken by Edward Tanguay on March 19, 2014 (go to class or lectures)
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
republic, Greek, coffered, traveled, Trajan, Spain, wars, Maxentius, educated, Rabirius, himation, consolidating, Antoninus
Hadrian
born in 76 AD
emperor at age 41 after serving together with              for a number of years
born in           , like Trajan
one of the most                  and most intellectual of the Roman emperors
                 extensively
reversed Trajan's policy
Trajan involved in many          and extended empire beyond its reaches
Hadrian was more of a peaceful emperor
concerned with                            the empire
built the Hadrian Wall in Britain
was a philhellene
first emperor with beard
word toga in public but                  in private
was called "the Greekling"
also in his architecture
may have designed himself
was an amateur architect
may have designed Temple of Venus and Roma
Venus: goddess of Roman family
special favorite of Julius Caesar and Augustus
in this way is conjuring up his connections to early leaders of the                  and empire
Roma: goddess of the city of Rome
121 AD began construction
135 AD inaugurated by Hadrian
141 AD finished by                    Pius
307 AD damaged by fire
two plans may have been the case
we think that                    who rebuild it kept to the original plan
main features are the same
features are different from typical Roman temple
two cellas back to back, one for each god
because Hadrian was a Philhellene
walls are scalloped
best features: location, location, location
arch of Titus
Flavians chose to build their buildings here to replace what Nero had done there
current remains
niche with semi-dome
beginning of                  vault, we think it was barrel-vaulted
Domitian's architect
                
Flavian palace, became the palace for all emperors thereafter
Hadrian inspired by him
material used
returns to using            marble for his building
blue-veined marble

Vocabulary:

philhellene, n. [FIL-hel-layn] one who admires Greece or the Greeks  "Hadrian was also a great philhellene."
himation, n. a rectangular woolen or linen cloak worn by men and women in ancient Greece  "Although Hadrian wore a toga in public, he was known for wearing the Greek himation in private."
scallop, v. to edge with a series of curved projections  "The internal cella walls of the Temple to Venus and Roma were scalloped in this plan."
Romulus Founds Rome
The Temple of Jupiter OMC
The Servian Wall of Rome
Temple of Portunus in Rome and Temple of Hercules in Cori
The Increasing Greekification of Roman Temple Building
Opus Caementicum and Opus Incertum
Porticus Aemilia
Temple of Jupiter Anxur at Terracina
Tabularium and Theater of Marcellus
Bathing, Entertainment, and Housing in Roman Cities
Roman Tombs, Aqueducts and the Lasting Impact of Roman Architecture
Julius Caesar's Vision to Make Rome the Architectural Equal of Alexandria
Augustus and Luna Marble
The Forum of Augustus and the Temple of Mars
Ara Pacis Augustae
The Meier Museum and the Jewel of the Lungotevere
Tiberius' Villa Jovis on Capri
Caligula, Lighter Concrete, and the Underground Basilica
The Significance of Nero's Octagonal Room on Roman Architecture
Hadrian's Pantheon
The Flavian Amphitheater a.k.a. the Roman Colosseum
The Temple of Venus and Roma
The Arch of Titus
The 79 AD Ruins of Herculaneum
Early History of Pompeii