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C O U R S E 
Roman Architecture
Diana Kleiner, Yale University
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
The Forum of Augustus and the Temple of Mars
Notes taken on February 18, 2014 by Edward Tanguay
Forum Augustum
building this was on his mind from the beginning of his reign
even though there were already two forums, the Roman Forum and the Forum of Julius Caesar, the population of Rome was growing as was the need to try judicial cases
more likely Augustus before the Battle of Philippi where Octavian and Mark Antony joined to defeat Brutus and Longinus, Augustus vowed that if he won, he would build a temple to Mars the Avenger to help him avenge the death of Julius Caesar
that temple needed an environment, a common practice, hence a good excuse to build his forum around it
after the Battle of Actium, he had time
28 BC begun
2 BC dedicated Temple of Mars
rectangular space, open to the sky
built it onto Caesar's Forum
added two hemicycles
Temple of Mars
Estrucan design
flat back wall
large porch
steps on the front
high podium
steps sheathed in Cararra marble
columns also made of Cararra marble
sculpture in the pediment
elaborate capitals
zoomorphic scultures on column capitals
seen these in Greece a bit earlier
the Via dei Fori Imperali built by Mussulini
plan is to remove this street again and reunite all of these archeological forums in some great archaeological park someday
precinct wall protecting the Subura: the rickety wooden structures of the city that could easily burn