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Notes on video lecture:
Julius Caesar's Vision to Make Rome the Architectural Equal of Alexandria
Notes taken by Edward Tanguay on February 13, 2014 (go to class or lectures)
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
Mars, dictator, Alexandria, superpower, Cleopatra, divinized, Egypt, Apennines, Suetonius, tyrant, libraries, architecture, Crassus, triumvirate
Ancient Rome was at that time the world's greatest                     , which had an impact on its architecture
four men who had a large impact on the                          of Rome
1. Julius Caesar
59 BC: elected consul
joins First Triumvirate
gets consulship in Gaul
54 BC:                        falls apart
53-50 BC: difficult times, food shortages in Rome
Pompey took charge
his reward was that the senate would help him overthrow his rival Julius Caesar, as                had since died
48 BC: Julius Caesar defeats Pompey the Great at Pharsalos
Pompey flees to           , where Egyptians cut off his head, put it on a plate, and presented it to Caesar
Caesar was not thrilled as he did not like seeing the head of a fellow Roman delivered on a plate
45 BC: Caesar appointed                  in Rome
went to Egypt to stay with                   
returns to Rome
pursued fiscal reforms and commissions public works
aristocrats in Rome considered him a             , thought his relationship with Cleopatra had man him too monarchical
44 BC: assassinated by Cassius and Brutus
42 BC:                    (made a god) by the senate
                   wrote a biography of the twelve Caesars
Julius Caesar was dictator, not emperor, but still the first covered by Suetonius
wrote about major architectural projects, many of them "the best and the greatest"
was influenced by his time with Cleopatra and what she showed him in Egypt
*** he wanted to make Rome into a city that was the equal to                     
started to build a temple to          which he wanted to make the "largest in the world"
wanted to make Greek and Latin public                   , to compete with the great library of Alexandria
started a highway from Adriatic across the                    to the Tiber
many ambitions cut short by assassination in 44 BC
2. Pompey the Great
3. Mark Antony
4. Octavian Augustus, especially


pompadour, n. [POMP-ah-dor] a man's hairstyle with the hair brushed up from the forehead  "Pompey the Great wore his hair pushed up in the center in a kind of pompadour which is a reference to the same kind of upsweep that was worn by Alexander the Great."
Consul, n. the highest elected office of the Roman Republic and an appointive office under the Empire  "Julius Caesar was elected Consul in 59 BC."


Brutus (85-42 BC)
Politician of the late Roman Republic who had leading role in the assassination of Julius Caesar
  • Brutus was persuaded into joining the conspiracy against Caesar by the other senators and decided to move against Caesar after Caesar's king-like behavior prompted him to take action
  • although Cassius was the moving spirit in the plot against Caesar, Brutus became the leader
Cleopatra (69-30 BC)
Last active pharaoh of Ancient Egypt and lover of both Caesar and Mark Anthony
  • a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, a family of Greek origin that ruled Ptolemaic Egypt after Alexander the Great's death
  • spoke Greek, refused to speak Egyptian
  • one reason why Greek was used on the Rosetta Stone
  • Cleopatra did speak Egyptian, represented herself as the reincarnation of an Egyptian goddess, Isis
  • after Caesar's assassination in 44 BC, she aligned with Mark Antony, had twins with him
Mark Antony (83-30 BC)
Roman politician and general and member of the Second Triumvirate with Octavian and Lepidus
  • important supporter and loyal friend of his mother's cousin Julius Caesar
  • after Caesar's assassination, Antony formed an official political alliance with Octavian and Lepidus
Julius Caesar (100-44 BC)
Roman general, statesman, Consul, and author of Latin prose who played critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic
  • played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire
Marcus Crassus (115-53 BC)
Roman general and politician, wealthiest man in Roman history
  • played a key role in the transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire
  • one of the richest men in all history
Pompey the Great (106-48 BC)
Military and political leader of the late Roman Republic, member of First Triumvirate with Crassus and Caesar
  • his immense success as a general while still very young enabled him to advance directly to his first consulship without meeting the normal requirements for office
Romulus Founds Rome
The Temple of Jupiter OMC
The Servian Wall of Rome
Temple of Portunus in Rome and Temple of Hercules in Cori
The Increasing Greekification of Roman Temple Building
Opus Caementicum and Opus Incertum
Porticus Aemilia
Temple of Jupiter Anxur at Terracina
Tabularium and Theater of Marcellus
Bathing, Entertainment, and Housing in Roman Cities
Roman Tombs, Aqueducts and the Lasting Impact of Roman Architecture
Julius Caesar's Vision to Make Rome the Architectural Equal of Alexandria
Augustus and Luna Marble
The Forum of Augustus and the Temple of Mars
Ara Pacis Augustae
The Meier Museum and the Jewel of the Lungotevere
Tiberius' Villa Jovis on Capri
Caligula, Lighter Concrete, and the Underground Basilica
The Significance of Nero's Octagonal Room on Roman Architecture
Hadrian's Pantheon
The Flavian Amphitheater a.k.a. the Roman Colosseum
The Temple of Venus and Roma
The Arch of Titus
The 79 AD Ruins of Herculaneum
Early History of Pompeii