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C O U R S E 
Roman Architecture
Diana Kleiner, Yale University
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
Julius Caesar's Vision to Make Rome the Architectural Equal of Alexandria
Notes taken on February 13, 2014 by Edward Tanguay
Ancient Rome was at that time the world's greatest superpower, which had an impact on its architecture
four men who had a large impact on the architecture of Rome
1. Julius Caesar
59 BC: elected consul
joins First Triumvirate
gets consulship in Gaul
54 BC: triumvirate falls apart
53-50 BC: difficult times, food shortages in Rome
Pompey took charge
his reward was that the senate would help him overthrow his rival Julius Caesar, as Crassus had since died
48 BC: Julius Caesar defeats Pompey the Great at Pharsalos
Pompey flees to Egypt, where Egyptians cut off his head, put it on a plate, and presented it to Caesar
Caesar was not thrilled as he did not like seeing the head of a fellow Roman delivered on a plate
45 BC: Caesar appointed dictator in Rome
went to Egypt to stay with Cleopatra
returns to Rome
pursued fiscal reforms and commissions public works
aristocrats in Rome considered him a tyrant, thought his relationship with Cleopatra had man him too monarchical
44 BC: assassinated by Cassius and Brutus
42 BC: divinized (made a god) by the senate
Suetonius wrote a biography of the twelve Caesars
Julius Caesar was dictator, not emperor, but still the first covered by Suetonius
wrote about major architectural projects, many of them "the best and the greatest"
was influenced by his time with Cleopatra and what she showed him in Egypt
*** he wanted to make Rome into a city that was the equal to Alexandria
started to build a temple to Mars which he wanted to make the "largest in the world"
wanted to make Greek and Latin public libraries, to compete with the great library of Alexandria
started a highway from Adriatic across the Apennines to the Tiber
many ambitions cut short by assassination in 44 BC
2. Pompey the Great
3. Mark Antony
4. Octavian Augustus, especially