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Notes on video lecture:
The Importance of Fire and Cooking
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
size, digesting, encircle, weapons, social, wheat, tools, germs, hours, 100, cook, sapiens, ecosystem, powerful, fire, brains, eagle, neanderthalensis, warmth, calories
humans for most of their existence had large             , the ability to produce and use            and had complex              structures
however, they were weak and marginal in the                   
yet in the last       ,000 years, humans ascended to the top of the food chain and became the most powerful and influential animals
how did humans make the jump to the top of the food chain?
one skill that helped them do this was the domestication of         
we know that by 300,000 years ago, some species of humans including the Homo                                  were using fire on a daily basis
source of light
source of             
source of                against dangerous animals
method of hunting
use fire to                  and trap animals
most important aspect of fire was that it enabled humans to         
"the ability to cook with fire opened up entire new sections in the supermarket of nature"
many foods that humans cannot digests raw could now be eaten:           , rye, rice, and potatoes
pigs and cows can digest these foods raw, but not humans
cooking and baking with fire took over part of the                    that humans were not able to, so that they could benefit from the                  and vitamins from these foods
cooking kills            and parasites
reduced the time that humans had to invest to consume food and the energy which needed to be expended to digest food.
link between body of animal and power
in general, the power of the animal is in relation to their body
in some ways animals use forces outside their bodies, e.g.            use columns of hot air
but they cannot control it
humans, on the other hand, can choose when and where to light a fire
when humans domesticated fire, it broke the link between the          of the animal and the power of the animal
a single woman who carries a torch can burn down an entire forest and kill hundreds of animals in a matter of           
even after humans domesticated fire (Homo neanderthalensis) they were still not the most                  animal in the world, they would have to wait until the appearance and spread of homo               
The Context of History and Our Extended Human Family
How Walking Upright Led to Better Social and Cooperative Skills
The Importance of Fire and Cooking
Why Did Other Human Species Become Extinct?
The Cognitive Revolution and the Beginning of Human History
The Language of Homo Sapiens
How Fictive Language Enabled Larger Social Groups
The Power of Imagined Realities
How the Ability to Tell Stories Enabled Humans to Cooperate in Massive Groups
The Cognitive Revolution and the Variety of Human Communities
Spiritual Beliefs of Early Humans
Politics and Warfare of Pre-Agricultural Societies
45,000 Years Ago: Human's Decimation of Australia's Large Mammals
14,000 BC: Human Migration to the Americas
Agriculture: The Good and the Bad
10,000 BC: Agricultural Revolution
The Origins of Agriculture
The Code of Hammurabi and Other Imagined Realities
Inter-Subjective Reality and Romantic Consumerism
The Human Brain's Outsourcing of Mathematics
Unjust and Imagined Hierarchies
Imagined Hierarchies in History
Culturally Defined Gender
Three Theories of Gender Domination
The Direction of Humankind: Global Unity
The Essence of Money
The History of Money
The Historical Definition of Empire
The Relationship between Science, European Imperialism and Capitalism
Science, Capitalism and European Imperialism
Columbus: Last Man of the Middle Ages, Vespucci: First Man of the Modern Age
European Empires, Science, and Capitalism
How Capitalism is Based on Trust in the Future
On the Interdependence of Science and Capitalism
How Capitalism Enabled Small European Countries to Explore and Conquer the World
The Relationship Between Capitalism, the Slave Trade, and Free Market Forces
Industrialization, Energy and Raw Materials
The Second Agricultural Revolution and its Effect on Animal Treatment
The Ethics of Capitalism and Consumerism
On Limitless Energy Resources and the Hegemony of Modern Time Schedules
State/Market vs. Family/Community
Humankind's Rigid and Violent Past, and Flexible and Peaceful Present
Reasons for Our Current Unprecedented Era of International Peace
Three Theories on the History of Happiness
Psychological and Biological Happiness
Measuring Human Happiness
The Future of Cyborgs and Robots
What Do We Want to Want?