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Notes on video lecture:
The Cognitive Revolution and the Variety of Human Communities
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
ancestors, stories, nuclear, parenthood, fruit, written, biology, 150, affluent, rare, pressures, 19th, cognitive, communes, spiritual, natural, new, imagined
the cognitive changes that took place around 50,000 years ago enabled humans to create and believe in               
this helped them organize themselves in groups much larger than       
humans used their imagination not only to adapt themselves to the world as it is, but to create        worlds
what was physical, cognitive, and                    life like for people 40,000 years ago?
the vast majority of people like us who had our full                    abilities, lived as hunters and gatherers: the lifestyles of peasant, shepherd, office worker, factory worker, all appear extremely late in the human history
evolutionary psychology
not only the body but also the mind is shaped by evolutionary                   
an approach in the social and natural sciences that examines psychological traits such as memory, perception, and language from a modern evolutionary perspective
evolution psychology is not simply a sub-discipline of psychology but can provide a foundational framework that integrates the entire field of psychology, in the same way it has for               
eating habits
the way that we eat is shaped by the conditions of our                    tens of thousands of years ago
the problem of obesity
Throughout ancient human history, if a woman was walking along the Savanna and saw a tree full of           , the most sensible thing to do was to eat as many fruits in as short of time as possible since they were          and there was competition for this food. In this way, people who had the physical propensity to want to eat as many sweet things as possible had a better chance of surviving and passing their genes onto their offspring. Today, when you open the door of your refrigerator and see a chocolate cake, although it may not be healthy for you, you are unfortunately wired to eat as much of this cake in as short of time as possible. Your genes have not yet caught up to the fact that you are living in an                  society in the 21st century.
sexual, romantic and family habits of humans living 40,000 years ago
what kinds of habits did they have?
likely that they lived in communes
people knew the other people in their band than people today know their spouses
e.g. they got to see how members of their bands reacted in extreme conditions, e.g. during a mammoth hunt or in a lion attack
                     may have been very different, children raised not by couples but by the whole tribe
fatherhood may have been very different since it may be difficult in some                  to know who the father was
some known tribes have a concept of collective fatherhood, they believed that a child is nourished by the sperm of more than one man
we forget that before the          century there was little evidence what was happening at the egg/sperm level since modern medicine was not developed to that point yet
some say that there were typically                families within communes
unfortunately there is little evidence of how people lived 40,000 years ago in terms of family relationships, since there is no                record
ancient hunter/gatherer communities probably varied quite widely from each other
thanks to the ability of fictive language and the ability to create                  realities which can manifest themselves in largely different norms and values, the most obvious of example of this are different languages, religions, beliefs, and values existing in a small area
the debates about what was the natural way of life of homo sapiens misses the main points. The main point is that ever since the cognitive revolution, there hasn't been a single,                way of life for Homo sapiens. There have been rather many cultural choices from among a very wide spectrum of possibilities.
The Context of History and Our Extended Human Family
How Walking Upright Led to Better Social and Cooperative Skills
The Importance of Fire and Cooking
Why Did Other Human Species Become Extinct?
The Cognitive Revolution and the Beginning of Human History
The Language of Homo Sapiens
How Fictive Language Enabled Larger Social Groups
The Power of Imagined Realities
How the Ability to Tell Stories Enabled Humans to Cooperate in Massive Groups
The Cognitive Revolution and the Variety of Human Communities
Spiritual Beliefs of Early Humans
Politics and Warfare of Pre-Agricultural Societies
45,000 Years Ago: Human's Decimation of Australia's Large Mammals
14,000 BC: Human Migration to the Americas
Agriculture: The Good and the Bad
10,000 BC: Agricultural Revolution
The Origins of Agriculture
The Code of Hammurabi and Other Imagined Realities
Inter-Subjective Reality and Romantic Consumerism
The Human Brain's Outsourcing of Mathematics
Unjust and Imagined Hierarchies
Imagined Hierarchies in History
Culturally Defined Gender
Three Theories of Gender Domination
The Direction of Humankind: Global Unity
The Essence of Money
The History of Money
The Historical Definition of Empire
The Relationship between Science, European Imperialism and Capitalism
Science, Capitalism and European Imperialism
Columbus: Last Man of the Middle Ages, Vespucci: First Man of the Modern Age
European Empires, Science, and Capitalism
How Capitalism is Based on Trust in the Future
On the Interdependence of Science and Capitalism
How Capitalism Enabled Small European Countries to Explore and Conquer the World
The Relationship Between Capitalism, the Slave Trade, and Free Market Forces
Industrialization, Energy and Raw Materials
The Second Agricultural Revolution and its Effect on Animal Treatment
The Ethics of Capitalism and Consumerism
On Limitless Energy Resources and the Hegemony of Modern Time Schedules
State/Market vs. Family/Community
Humankind's Rigid and Violent Past, and Flexible and Peaceful Present
Reasons for Our Current Unprecedented Era of International Peace
Three Theories on the History of Happiness
Psychological and Biological Happiness
Measuring Human Happiness
The Future of Cyborgs and Robots
What Do We Want to Want?