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Notes on video lecture:
Themistocles, Silver, and Greek Naval Policy
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
preserved, Odyssian, arcon, Cimon, boule, died, shards, silver, docks, enemies, Persian, 488, Athenian, prosecuted, Just, one, Philaidae, clans, deceiving, Paros, Athens, Marathon, Hoplite, slaves, naval, trireme, polis, abroad, slander, family, expulsion, wealth
domestic politics in             
not idle during the                wars
very respected
victory at                 
launched a campaign against the island of           
expedition was a failure
upon his return, he was                     
he belong to a clan called the                   
was charged of                    the people
had to pay fee which was the annual income of a good-sized           
         before he could pay it
eventually paid by his son            [KEE-mon]
it was not that Miltiades did anything wrong
we are seeing the feuding among the elite           
conducted within the new democratic system
       BC first ostracism in the aftermath of Marathon
left for 10 years
occurred once a year
names written on pot             
while he was gone, his property was                    for him
when he returned, he assumed full civil rights
the elite families would use ostracism to get their political                temporarily out of the way
put an end to the wholesale                    of clans
just one person with his immediate              who had to leave
487 BC: procedure for selecting the archons changes
up to this time they had been elected
now they are selected by lot put together by the           , the council of 500
term of office        year
becomes honorific and less of a political factor
weight moving toward elected board of ten generals
from an old family but not elite
rumor was his mother was not                  and perhaps even a slave
but probably just a political               
the trickster of Athenian politics
the                  figure in Athenian political life
served as an            in the late 490s
started to built a wall at Piraeus [Πειραιάς], the port city
almost certainly fought at Marathon
discovered              in the south of Greece
gave Athenians new source of             
mining then was much more dirty and dangerous, reserved for              and captives in war
Themistocles persuade the Assembly not to use the new treasure to build a wall but to built ships, specifically triremes
this instituted what was to be called "the            policy"
reliefs in stone have been found of triremes
from of                had a metal beak on it which was used to punch a hole in an enemy ship
troop of soldiers at front ready to fight hand-to-hand
               warfare was self financed
triremes depended on labor to build ships, maintain the           
poorer citizens had a new source of income
trend was increasing democracy at home and increasingly militaristic policy             
late 480s
Aristeides, son of Lysimachus
a traditional politician
famously upright, "Aristeides the         "


trireme, n. [τριήρης] an ancient vessel and a type of galley (a low, flat ship with one or more sails and up to three banks of oars, chiefly used for warfare, trade, and piracy) that was used by the ancient maritime civilizations of the Mediterranean, especially the Phoenicians, ancient Greeks and Romans, the name means "with three banks of oars".  "What Themistocles did was to persuade the Assembly not to spend the proceeds from the newly discovered silver mines to build a wall, but to build ships, specifically triremes, the Greek war ship par excellence."
ostrakon, n. [ὄστρακον] a piece of pottery, usually broken off from a vase or other earthenware vessel, used in ancient Athens, each person of the voting public would scratch the name of a person on the shard of pottery in order to banish or exile that person from society from the city for a period of ten years, thus giving rise to the term ostracism  "In the late 480s, certainly at the instigation of Themistocles, one Aristides, the son of Lysimachus, was ostracized, this ostrakon showing one vote in his favor."


######################### (510-450 BC)
  • Athenian statesman and military general in mid-5th century BC Greece, played a key role in creating the powerful Athenian maritime empire following the failure of the Persian invasion of Greece by Xerxes I in 480-479 BC
  • son of Miltiades, the victor of the Battle of Marathon
  • elevated to the rank of admiral after fighting in the Battle of Salamis (against Persian Empire in 480 BC)
  • one of his greatest exploits was his destruction of a Persian fleet and army at the Battle of the Eurymedon river in 466 BC (now the Köprüçay river in Turkey)
######################### (524-459 BC)
  • Athenian politician and general, one of a new breed of non-aristocratic politicians who rose to prominence in the early years of the Athenian democracy
  • a populist, having the support of lower class Athenians, and generally being at odds with the Athenian nobility
  • elected archon in 493 BC, he convinced the polis to increase the naval power of Athens
  • during the first Persian invasion of Greece, he fought at the Battle of Marathon, possibly one of the 10 Athenian generals in that battle

Spelling Corrections:



when was the Battle of Marathon
490 BC
Hesiod's Creation Myth: Theogony
The Spartan Way of Life
600 BC Tyrants and Sages: Cypselus and Periander
800-700 BC: Athens Before Solon
Solon Against Political, Economic, and Moral Decline
Peisistratos: Tyranny and Civic Identity
The End of Athenian Tyranny and the Democratic Revolution
508 BC: The Democratic Reforms of Cleisthenes
Herodotus and The Histories
The First Persian War and the Battle of Marathon
Themistocles, Silver, and Greek Naval Policy
Xerxes and the Second Invasion of Greece
The Delian League
From Delian League to Athenian Empire
Pericles: Aristocrat, Orator and Democratic Citizen
Sophocles' Antigone: Tragedy and Athenian Civic Life