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Notes on video lecture:
Pericles: Aristocrat, Orator and Democratic Citizen
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
Delian, Papyrus, period, Oresteia, revisionist, homicide, Sparta, Peace, Egypt, incorruptible, Age, power, Ephialtes, exaggeration, disaster, Areopogus, elite, Persians, Xanthippus, arts, Thucydides, citizen, Miletus, Cimon, tribute, Olympian, golden, money, friendship, 429, Protagoras, escort, imperialistically, moderation, Cleisthenes
there are very few people who have given their names to a              in history, Pericles is one of them
The        of Pericles
495-       BC
the              age of Athenian culture
brilliant general, orator, patron of the          and politician
he was the first                of democratic Athens, according to the historian                     
his family background was as            as it could be
father was                     
Pericles clearly destined to pick up the family banner
463 BC, Pericles was a prosecutor of           , who was acquitted for ostracism
462 BC, came onto the public stage, along with                   , reformed the ancient council of the Areopagus
exists along side the democratic council of 500 which had been established by                       
consisted of archons
Areopagus' power was almost completely taken away
remained a court to try voluntary                 
Aeschylus wrote his trilogy                 
the end of the curse on the House of Atreus
The Libation Bearers
The Eumenides
addresses the                    as the founding charter of a court to hear cases of homicide
nick-named the                 
friend of                     
Plato credits him with having invented the role of the professional sophist
"man is the measure of all things"
Aspasia [as-PAY-zhah]
a professional             
good thinker and conversationalist
Pericles and she were a kind of            couple
elite families retained a political influence through the democratic system
political support
Pericles rejected all forms of this official                     
instead, the main source of his power was controlling discourse
he turned to the people
in the public assembly where you had to be able to speak powerfully and persuasively, he had no equal
had a lot of family wealth, didn't need to be bribed
his ambition was more for Athens, for the police
Thucydides: "During the years of his ascendency, Athens was in name a democracy but under the rule of the first citizen."
a bit of an                         , of course, he was not a king or tyrant, but he was a very influential person
Pericles is known to have embodied Athens at its height
in 450s, the Athenians undertook a kind of naval engagement to           
perhaps to encourage the local governor to rebel from the Persian empire
it was a                 , Athenian fleet was wrecked
the league treasury was transferred from Delos to Athens
454 BC: transfer of the treasury
451 BC: five years truce between Athens and             
450 BC:            of Callias
Athenians make some kind of formal peace with the                 
the              league then lost some of its meaning with this and power moved toward Athens
Pericles ask Greek states to come to Athens to a conference, they don't come
               decree for a building program
449 BC: missing year in Athenian tribute list
could have been no tribute or the stone had broken off
448 BC: lower tribute
Athenians might have eased up a bit
Coinage Degree: members of the League had to use the Athen's            and measures
the Cleinias Decree: involved the tightening up of the process of                collection in the Athenian Empire
so we see that the Athenian Empire under the influence of Pericles was acting much more                                    and aggressively
so instead of being the figure of                      as Thucydides extols, he seems to have been more imperialistic
Hesiod's Creation Myth: Theogony
The Spartan Way of Life
600 BC Tyrants and Sages: Cypselus and Periander
800-700 BC: Athens Before Solon
Solon Against Political, Economic, and Moral Decline
Peisistratos: Tyranny and Civic Identity
The End of Athenian Tyranny and the Democratic Revolution
508 BC: The Democratic Reforms of Cleisthenes
Herodotus and The Histories
The First Persian War and the Battle of Marathon
Themistocles, Silver, and Greek Naval Policy
Xerxes and the Second Invasion of Greece
The Delian League
From Delian League to Athenian Empire
Pericles: Aristocrat, Orator and Democratic Citizen
Sophocles' Antigone: Tragedy and Athenian Civic Life