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C O U R S E 
The Ancient Greeks
Andrew Szegedy-Maszak, Wesleyan University
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
Themistocles, Silver, and Greek Naval Policy
Notes taken on June 24, 2015 by Edward Tanguay
domestic politics in Athens
not idle during the Persian wars
very respected
victory at Marathon
launched a campaign against the island of Paros
expedition was a failure
upon his return, he was prosecuted
he belong to a clan called the Philaidae
was charged of deceiving the people
had to pay fee which was the annual income of a good-sized polis
died before he could pay it
eventually paid by his son Cimon [KEE-mon]
it was not that Miltiades did anything wrong
we are seeing the feuding among the elite clans
conducted within the new democratic system
488 BC first ostracism in the aftermath of Marathon
left for 10 years
occurred once a year
names written on pot shards
while he was gone, his property was preserved for him
when he returned, he assumed full civil rights
the elite families would use ostracism to get their political enemies temporarily out of the way
put an end to the wholesale expulsion of clans
just one person with his immediate family who had to leave
487 BC: procedure for selecting the archons changes
up to this time they had been elected
now they are selected by lot put together by the boule, the council of 500
term of office one year
becomes honorific and less of a political factor
weight moving toward elected board of ten generals
from an old family but not elite
rumor was his mother was not Athenian and perhaps even a slave
but probably just a political slander
the trickster of Athenian politics
the Odyssian figure in Athenian political life
served as an arcon in the late 490s
started to built a wall at Piraeus [Πειραιάς], the port city
almost certainly fought at Marathon
discovered silver in the south of Greece
gave Athenians new source of wealth
mining then was much more dirty and dangerous, reserved for slaves and captives in war
Themistocles persuade the Assembly not to use the new treasure to build a wall but to built ships, specifically triremes
this instituted what was to be called "the naval policy"
reliefs in stone have been found of triremes
from of trireme had a metal beak on it which was used to punch a hole in an enemy ship
troop of soldiers at front ready to fight hand-to-hand
Hoplite warfare was self financed
triremes depended on labor to build ships, maintain the docks
poorer citizens had a new source of income
trend was increasing democracy at home and increasingly militaristic policy abroad
late 480s
Aristeides, son of Lysimachus
a traditional politician
famously upright, "Aristeides the Just"