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Notes on video lecture:
The End of Athenian Tyranny and the Democratic Revolution
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
virgins, Acropolis, Ober, controversy, accomplished, ten, Panathenaea, peacefully, offended, tandem, Peisistratos, tyrant, personal, partnered, Kleomenes, Athens, exile, category, Harmodius, boule, leaderless, Hipparchus, 527, Alcmaeonid, paranoid, Isagoras, arts, surrenders, Homer, tyrannicide, recalled, harsher
Peisistratos was a              but a good ruler
Aristotle devised a special                  for him
tyranny is bad but he had to make an exception for                         
as an                          ruler
Hippias and                     
       BC: overtook Peisistratos' rule when he died
tyranny was passed on to them
             rule
ruled well and                      for over a decade
supported the         
brought poets and singers to             
texts of            took on their canonical form
after        years, things go bad
                   and Aristogeiton
killed Hipparchus in order to save Athens
Thucydides is almost                  by this story
says it was simply about a                  insult
Hipparchus, the younger brother of the two, made an advance on Harmodius
Harmodius was                    with Aristogeiton
Hipparchus then insulted the family
forbad Harmodius' sister from carrying the ceremonial offering basket at the                        festival
the young girls who participate were supposed to be               , so it was an insult
514 BC: Panathenaea festival
they kill Hipparchus
this becomes known as the                       
not the end of the tyranny
Harmodius and Aristogeiton are killed
Hippias' rule became much               
not surprisingly became                  against plots to kill him
began to travel around with a body guard
511 BC Hippias was expelled
Hippias took refuge on the Acropolis
that's always where one goes when one is exiled
Spartan king                    came up
helped Isagoras
Kleomenes managed to capture some members of Hippias' family
arranged negotiation
Hippias left Athens with his family
that was the end of the Peisistratid tyranny
what happens next has been the subject of enormous                       
Athenian revolution
formulated by American scholar Josiah         , Stanford University (1953-)
the next big man to come up is Cleisthenes
member of the                      clan, they're back
Kleomenes and                  attempted to take over the state
first step was to dissolve the council (          )
the boule resists
Kleomenes and Isagoras occupy the                    with Spartan garrison
some say Cleisthenes rallied the people at this point, but he was actually in           
another source says that rest of the Athenians unite
they beseige the Spartan occupiers
on third day of seige
Kleomens                     
Spartans withdraw
Cleisthenes is                  to the city
this theory posits a                     , popular revolution

Vocabulary:

boule, n. [BOO-lay] a council of citizens appointed to run daily affairs of ancient Athens, originally a council of nobles advising a king, in democracies a boule was composed of members typically chosen by lot and served for one year  "After the exile of Hippias, the first step of Kleomenes and Isagoras was to dissolve the boule."

People:

Cleisthenes (570-500 BC)
[KLIGH-sten-eez]
Referred to by historians as the "father of Athenian democracy"
  • after a leaderless, popular revolution overthrew Kleomenes and Isagoras who had gathered with a Spartan garrison in the Acropolis to overthrow Athens, Cleisthenes was recalled from exile to lead the city
  • credited with reforming the constitution of ancient Athens and setting it on a democratic footing in 508 BC
  • increased the power of the Athenian citizens’ assembly and for reducing the power of the nobility over Athenian politics
  • a noble Athenian of the Alcmaeonid family
  • was the maternal grandson of the tyrant Cleisthenes of Sicyon

Flashcards:

who were Peisistratos' sons who ruled after him
Hippias and Hipparchus
who killed Hipparchus
Harmodius and Aristogeiton
who was the father of Athenian democracy
Cleisthenes (570 BC - 500 BC)
Hesiod's Creation Myth: Theogony
The Spartan Way of Life
600 BC Tyrants and Sages: Cypselus and Periander
800-700 BC: Athens Before Solon
Solon Against Political, Economic, and Moral Decline
Peisistratos: Tyranny and Civic Identity
The End of Athenian Tyranny and the Democratic Revolution
508 BC: The Democratic Reforms of Cleisthenes
Herodotus and The Histories
The First Persian War and the Battle of Marathon
Themistocles, Silver, and Greek Naval Policy
Xerxes and the Second Invasion of Greece
The Delian League
From Delian League to Athenian Empire
Pericles: Aristocrat, Orator and Democratic Citizen
Sophocles' Antigone: Tragedy and Athenian Civic Life