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Notes on video lecture:
The Delian League
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
Themistocles, individual, navy, Plataea, Istanbul, walls, native, Byzantium, intelligence, scion, sailors, navy, temporary, Pisistratus, Persian, palm, barbarians, emblematic, advisor, colonnade, Delphi, euphoria, Leto, Athenians, hegemonic, Pausanias, hoplites, temple, beginning, Delos, ostracized, briefly, poleis
Second Persian War
479 BC: ended with the battles of                and Mycale
a general sense of                  among the Greeks
three practical results from this war
1. the                threat was effectively at an end
2. a sense of Greek unity, at least               
Greek states made an offering at             
a column commemorating this was taken from Delphi to                  by Emperor Constantine
inscription: these fought the war, and listed all of the Greek              which fought
a short-lived sense of Greek political unity
a major ideological shift
a distinction between Greek and not-Greek, or as the Greeks called them:                     
barbarians simply don't speak Greek, mainly, the Persians
Athens and Sparta emerge as the two dominant,                    poleis
two of the heroes of the Persian Wars
1.                    [Παυσανίας], died 470 BC
Spartan general
victory at Plataea and the Battle of Mycale
a            of the royal house of the Agiads but was not in the direct line of succession
gain enormous prestige from victory
went up to the north-east in the area of                    for mopping up operations
acted very arrogant
was "going             ", began to wear Persian clothing
Greeks under his command, especially the Ionians, were very put off by this
recalled to Sparta, disciplined, sent out again, recalled again
escaped capture by the ephors, Spartans chased him, brought him out so he wouldn't pollute the             , and he died shortly thereafter
new breed of non-aristocratic politicians
checkered career
Spartans proposed that cities north of Peloponnese remain unwalled as sign of Greek unity
                   thought this was not a good idea
Themistocles went to Sparta and stalled while he sent messages back to Athens to build            back up
Spartans send embassy up but were detained
not a good                    after war with Persians
encouraged to Athenians to build up         
471 BC enemies got him                     
nine years after his victory at Salamis
went to Persia
became an                of Greek affairs and died there
these two are                      of what happens to many Greek leaders at this time
can't be sure that Persia won't come back
Pausanias behavior alienated the allies
they got together and asked the Athenians a defense alliance
Delian League
478 BC Greeks formed a league
centered on island of           
sacred to Apollo and Artemis
their birth place
where their mother          had gone to give birth
pan-hellenic sanctuary
Greeks from many places came to worship
had a long Athenian connection
6th century BC: Tyrant                       
overseen a purification of the island
moved graves away from central shrine
often represented as a          tree
French archeologists have been digging there for a long time
many ancient ruins
league assembly in which each of the states had an equal vote
each state could determine its political course
provide some kind of annual support
on loan to the league
would return to parent state
maintained on Delos
used to build ships
one reason why Themistocles suggested a         
keep the East Aegean a Persian-free zone
this was a prelude to Athenian domination
large conceptual change
no longer the old war of                 
their own armor
dealed for a brief time with a                    threat
no the navy was kept on constant patrol
keep Persians away
manned by                who had full-time jobs
navy is economically very costly
a new way of thinking about the                      to the larger Greek community
and the relationship between individual and warfare
developed into an Athenian empire


scion, n. descendant or heir  "Pausanias was a Spartan general of the 5th century BC who was a scion of the royal house of the Agiads but was not in the direct line of succession."
ephors, n. [Ἔφορος] From "one who oversees", ephors were leaders of ancient Sparta who shared power with the Spartan kings, five ephors were elected annually, who swore on behalf of the city, the ephors were elected by the popular assembly and all citizens were eligible for election and forbidden to be reelected. Ephors provided a balance for the two kings, who rarely cooperated with each other. Up to two ephors would accompany a king on extended military campaigns as a sign of control, even gaining the ability to declare war at some points in Spartan history. Every autumn along with the Krypteia, a kind of state security force organized by the ruling classes, the ephors would declare war on the helot population so that any Spartan citizen could kill a helot without fear of blood guilt. The ephors did not have to kneel down before the Kings of Sparta and were held in high esteem by the citizens, because of the importance of their powers and because of the holy role they earned throughout their functions. Cleomenes III abolished the ephors in 227 BC, but they were restored by the Macedonian king in 222 BC. While Sparta fell under Roman rule in 146 BC, the position existed into the 2nd century AD, when it was probably abolished by the Roman emperor Hadrian and superseded by Imperial governance as part of the province of Achaea.  "On his arrival in Sparta, the ephors had Pausanias imprisoned, but he was later released, as nobody had enough evidence to convict him of disloyalty, even though some helots gave evidence that he had offered certain helots their freedom if they joined him in revolt."
Hesiod's Creation Myth: Theogony
The Spartan Way of Life
600 BC Tyrants and Sages: Cypselus and Periander
800-700 BC: Athens Before Solon
Solon Against Political, Economic, and Moral Decline
Peisistratos: Tyranny and Civic Identity
The End of Athenian Tyranny and the Democratic Revolution
508 BC: The Democratic Reforms of Cleisthenes
Herodotus and The Histories
The First Persian War and the Battle of Marathon
Themistocles, Silver, and Greek Naval Policy
Xerxes and the Second Invasion of Greece
The Delian League
From Delian League to Athenian Empire
Pericles: Aristocrat, Orator and Democratic Citizen
Sophocles' Antigone: Tragedy and Athenian Civic Life