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Notes on video lecture:
508 BC: The Democratic Reforms of Cleisthenes
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
three, tenth, individual, citizen, ten, scrutinized, Alcmaeonidae, Delphi, wholesale, equal, cross, speech, logistical, education, Golden, 6000, democratic, 200, shard, tyranny, war, Pericles, hero, neighborhood, trittyes, geographical, eponymous, limit, Solon, juries, Megacles, pivotal, revolution, Western, free, property, clans
Cleisthenes
508 BC: set Athens on                      footing
came from the                          [alk-MEE-an-id-igh] clan
was originally mistrusted because of impiety and sacrilege committed by                 
632 BC: Megacles was the archon                    was convicted of killing Cylon's supporters and was exiled from the city
story of revolution of Athens
shows how controversial this family was
Herodotus tells us
Alcmaeonids has furnished a new temple at             
had bribed the priestess there
anytime a Spartan came, the priestess should say "         Athens"
this worked for Cleomenes [klee-OM-ah-neez]
first supported Isogarus
undertook a                    reconstruction of the Athenian constitution
divides Attica
city
coast
inland
each of the three areas were divided into ten                 
each trittys was made up of one or more demes
the heart of the system
the demes were the preexisting neighborhoods
in the city a deme might be a block or a                         
in a country a deme was more of an area
ten new tribes (phylai) were created
each consisting of            trittyes, one in each area
each one named after a         
this obliterated the local power of the old           
Athens was redefined on a                          basis
no longer the                  classes that Solon had set up
each tribe should represent a            section of the population
each roughly            in size
deme
most important in the life of the                     
deme identity was what made you a citizen
when males turned 18, an adult recommended you, you were                       , then inducted and became citizen
your deme name became part of your name
had meetings
phyle
official identifications
officers, treasury
comprised the new council
there was a shadowy council of 400 that            had created
boule
tribes made up the new boule
500 citizens
50 selected by lot every year from each tribe
served as a new                    center
frame legislation
debated and voted on by the assembly
"it seemed good to the people"
send out ambassadors
final power to declare        stayed with the assembly
an important new democratic invention
a group of 500 was a bit big to connect business
ten units of year
one tribe would serve for a            of the year
all of this was a mechanism which draws all citizens into governing their own state
a massive undertaking
must have required some kind of               
deme identification was passed from father to son
even if you moved
assembly
included all citizens
guaranteed freedom of             
to persuade, you had to speed publicly and well
magistrates
9 archons
10 Strategoi (generals)
important
archons served for just one year, then examination
generals could be reelected without           
                 was never an archon but was a general over and over
great speaker
during the Greek              Age (5th century BC Greece), Athenian military and external affairs were mostly entrusted to the ten strategoi who were elected each year by the ten tribes of citizens
popular courts
citizens              to hear cases
ostracism
introduced by Cleisthenes
an official process
needed to have a quorum of         
each had a pot           
each wrote a name on it
the citizen that got the most votes had to leave Athens for        years
clearly meant to deter               
according to Aristotle, one of the most democratic parts of Cleisthenes reforms
these reforms much has required a large amount of                      preparation
we have almost no evidence as to how it was conducted
was a                moment in history
usually today we speak of more gradually changes in history
but the Athenian                      and the Cleisthenic reforms
this was new and massive change
in society and politics
laid the foundation for democracy which has been emulated in                culture
lasted in this polis for at least        years

Vocabulary:

trittys, n. [TRIT-is] a population division in ancient Attica, established by the reforms of Cleisthenes in 508 BC, the name means thirtieth and there were in fact thirty trittyes in Attica  "Each tribe, or phyle of Athens was composed of three trittyes, one from the coast, one from the city, and one from the inland area. Trittyes were composed of one or more demes; demes were the basic unit of division in Attica."
deme, n. [deem] a suburb of Athens or a subdivision of Attica, the region of Greece surrounding Athens, enrollment in the citizen-lists of a deme became the requirement for citizenship  "Males 18 years of age were registered in their local demes, thereby acquiring civic status and rights."
phyle, n. [FIGHL] an ancient Greek term for clan or tribe, usually ruled by a basileus  "A large citizens' organization based on kinship, constituting the largest political subdivision of an ancient Greek city-state."

Spelling Corrections:

HerodatusHerodotus
impeityimpiety

Flashcards:

Cleisthenes was from what clan?
Alcmaeonidae [alk-MEE-an-id-igh] or the Alcmaeonids [alk-MEE-an-ids]
pr. Mycenae
[migh-SEE-nee]
pr. Thermopylae
[ther-MOP-ah-lee]
Hesiod's Creation Myth: Theogony
The Spartan Way of Life
600 BC Tyrants and Sages: Cypselus and Periander
800-700 BC: Athens Before Solon
Solon Against Political, Economic, and Moral Decline
Peisistratos: Tyranny and Civic Identity
The End of Athenian Tyranny and the Democratic Revolution
508 BC: The Democratic Reforms of Cleisthenes
Herodotus and The Histories
The First Persian War and the Battle of Marathon
Themistocles, Silver, and Greek Naval Policy
Xerxes and the Second Invasion of Greece
The Delian League
From Delian League to Athenian Empire
Pericles: Aristocrat, Orator and Democratic Citizen
Sophocles' Antigone: Tragedy and Athenian Civic Life