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Notes on video lecture:
Peisistratos: Tyranny and Civic Identity
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
daughter, Megara, cults, governors, armor, public, reforms, Dionysus, Thrace, Tegea, Egyptian, Olympias, Thirty, Agora, bodyguard, tyrant, mobility, violence, popular, panAthenaic, Athenian, Marathon, Messinia, wily, archon, capable, Agora, amusement, Croesus
Solon's                addressed issues of his time
political problems
social problems
allowed for more                 
but didn't undermine the underlying qualities in                  society
after Solon's reforms, continuing tension and trouble
590 BC, a year without an             
similar to year 404 with the year of the              Tyrants
one archon stayed in office for two years even though he was only elected for one
probably wanted to make himself tyrant
Sparta
in South, had tried to expand
had conquered                 
undertook a campaign against            [TEE-gee-ah]
didn't work
formed alliances with Tegea
then other states
an informal Peloponnesian League coming together
Athens
brief experiment with a board of                   
replaced the archons
quickly abandoned
but a sign of upheavel
regional factions
the coast
led by Lykourgos
merchants
the plains
Megakles
over the hill
Peisistratos [pigh-SIS-trah-tus]
Peisistratos
had already made a name of himself
participated in war of             
clearly had ambitions to rule Athens
made three attempts to establish himself as             
1. wounded himself and came into the            and asked for a civic grant of armed guards, assembly gave it to him
Solon who was old put his            outside his house indicating that he would not take part
Solonian poem talks about a          man who will deceive the minds of the people, may be Peisistratos
alliance of other two big men drove him out
2. married Megakles'                 
Herodotus tells us
dressed her up as Athena
Athenians feel for this
he was staging a pageant
something for the                    of his fellow citizens, political theater
marriage was not successful
3. went north to             , got into gold mines, returned to Athens with a mercenary force
landed at                 
skirmish
established his rule quickly
with little                 
levied small tax on produce
started set of              works
water fountains
circuit judges, who went out into the countryside to hear cases
cleared the            of private dwellings
made it public
major public construction
massive temple of Zeus                 
next to the Acropolis
civic religions
especially            honoring Athena
                       games
vases which held olive oil
patron goddess Athena
chariot race
tragic and comic festivals in honor of                 
competition of choruses
Athenian first coinage
Athena
owl
died in 528
ambitious, ethical,                ruler
of peaceful old age
never had to use a                   
this showed he was               
Athens began growing during his rule
kouros statues [KUR-ohs]
represented male youths
were represented as nude, unlike the                  models
striding with one foot forward
characteristic markers of the elite
one had an inscription
stop and mourn beside the memorial of dead               , whom fierce Ares cut down in the front ank of battle

Vocabulary:

kouros, n. [KUR-ohs] free-standing ancient Greek sculptures which first appear in the Archaic period in Greece and represent nude male youths  "A direct influence between Egyptian statues, in particular the figure of Horus, and the kouros type has long been conjectured, not least because of trade and cultural relations that are known to have existed since the mid-seventh century BCE."

Spelling Corrections:

PelopolysianPeloponnesian
upheavelupheaval

Flashcards:

ruler who tried to become tyrannt three times, 527 BC
Peisistratos [pie-SIS-trah-tus]
free-standing ancient Greek sculptures which first appear in the Archaic period in Greece and represent nude male youths
kouros [KUR-ohs]
the king of Lydia from 560 to 547 BC until his defeat by the Persians, renowned for his wealth
Croesus [KREE-sus]
Hesiod's Creation Myth: Theogony
The Spartan Way of Life
600 BC Tyrants and Sages: Cypselus and Periander
800-700 BC: Athens Before Solon
Solon Against Political, Economic, and Moral Decline
Peisistratos: Tyranny and Civic Identity
The End of Athenian Tyranny and the Democratic Revolution
508 BC: The Democratic Reforms of Cleisthenes
Herodotus and The Histories
The First Persian War and the Battle of Marathon
Themistocles, Silver, and Greek Naval Policy
Xerxes and the Second Invasion of Greece
The Delian League
From Delian League to Athenian Empire
Pericles: Aristocrat, Orator and Democratic Citizen
Sophocles' Antigone: Tragedy and Athenian Civic Life